PHL 320 Entire Course

PHL 320 Entire Course Link
  PHL 320 Week 1 Critical Analysis Worksheet   Read “Common Core” and “The Battle Against Common Core Standards.”   Perform a critical analysis of each reading using critical thinking techniques from this week’s readings.   Respond to the following based on your critical thinking analysis of the “Common Core” and “The Battle Against Common Core Standards” readings.   1)      Define the term conclusion.         2)      What is the conclusion of each article?         3)      Define the term premises.         4)      What premises support the conclusions in each article?         5)      How convincing is the conclusion of each article? Explain your answer.         6)      Define the term biases.         7)      What biases did you observe in each article? Why do you think they are biases?         8)      What might be the sources of the biases in each article?           References   Sell, M. (2013). Common core. McClatchy - Tribune Business News [Washington].   Smith, H.K. (2013, March). The battle against common core standards. FreedomWorks, Retrieved from Link to the article:         PHL 320 Week 1 Critical Thinking Discussion and Summary   Participate in a class discussion by responding to the following questions:
  • How would you define critical thinking? What makes a person a critical thinker?
  • Why is critical thinking important? Provide an example of how critical thinking has helped you in your life.
  • What do you expect to learn from this course?
Write a paragraph summarizing the discussion. Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.         PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check 1. The bandwagon effect is a common bias, which refers to §  A. the tendency to align one’s thinking with the underdog §  B. the tendency to align one’s thinking with a negative advertisement §  C. the tendency to align one’s thinking with cognitive dissonance §  D. an unconscious tendency to align one’s thinking with that of other people   2. Some cognitive biases involve heuristics, which are §  A. general rules we unconsciously follow in estimating probabilities. §  B. the probability of an event happening based on personal experience §  C. the probability of an event happening based on family experience §  D. the probabilities of an event happening based on science 3. The in-group bias is characterized by §  A. a rational evaluation of those in other groups §  B. conclusions supported by data §  C. accepting individuals from other teams and groups §  D. believing that the achievements of the members of my group are a result of hard work 4. The premise of a good deductive argument, if true §  A. does not prove or demonstrate its conclusion §  B. proves or demonstrates its conclusion §  C. supports the conclusion §  D. does not support the conclusion 5. If we know that an argument is weak, then we know that the conclusion §  A. is false §  B. is true §  C. may or may not be true 6. “The ensemble played an encore at last year’s concert, and I’m pretty sure they played one the year before as well. So they will most likely play an encore at this year’s concert.”

This argument is best taken as §  A. inductive §  B. deductive §  C. simplistic §  D. argumentative 7. Critical thinking involves §  A. blindly acting or reacting §  B. making wise decisions and coming to correct conclusions §  C. basing decisions on emotion or greed §  D. basing decisions on intuition or a gut feeling 8. In decision making, critical thinking will help increase the validity of your decisions by §  A. incorporating logical flaws §  B. ignoring viewpoints that are contrary to your own §  C. basing the decision on your opinions and the opinions of celebrities §  D. determining what information is or is not pertinent 9. Arguments whose premises are intended to provide absolutely conclusive reasons for accepting the conclusion are deductive. §  A. inductive §  B. deductive §  C. premise §  D. opinions 窗体底端           PHL 320 Week 2 Globalization Argumentative Paper   Review the Writing Argumentative Essays section in Ch. 3 of Critical Thinking

Write an argumentative paper of no more than 750 words that demonstrates why globalization is good or not good for a business. The paper should define the term good, and should identify the premises and conclusions.

Identify the premise and conclusion by placing a number in bold at the beginning of the sentence with the word premise or conclusion. For example: (1, Premise), (2, Premise), (1, Conclusion), (2, Conclusion), and so on.
  • Sentences labeled as "1, premise" are premises for the sentence labeled as "1, conclusion."
  • All premises should be labeled for each conclusion in the article. If a sentence is a conclusion and a premise for another conclusion, place two labels.
  • At the end of the paper, identify one example of how you used deductive reasoning and one example of how you used inductive reasoning.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.             PHL 320 Week 2 Knowledge Check   1. Uncertainty exists when the manager §  A. knows that the probability of success is less than 100 percent §  B. knows the risk involved in making the decision §  C. faces two conflicting issues §  D. has insufficient information to make the decision 2. Which of the following statements about group decision making improves the chances that the decision will be implemented successfully? §  A. People who participate in a group discussion are more likely to understand why the decision was made. §  B. Different approaches to solving the problem are available. §  C. More information is available when several people are making the decision. §  D. A single group member can dominate the discussion 3. A phenomenon that occurs in decision making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus is known as §  A. goal displacement §  B. satisficing §  C. groupthink §  D. domination 4. Identify the fallacy in the following statement: “Frankly, I don’t think you would be satisfied with anything less than our Model 24, which allows for more expansion than any other personal computer in its class. The way you catch on to things—something I can tell just from the questions you’ve asked here in the store—you’re not going to be happy with a machine whose limits you’ll soon reach.” §  A. Apple polishing §  B. Wishful thinking §  C. Groupthink §  D. Scare tactics 5. Identify the rhetorical device that appears in the following passage: “Once you’ve made our day planner a part of your business life, there’s a good chance you’ll never miss or be late for another appointment.” §  A. Downplayer §  B. Innuendo §  C. Rocker §  D. Weaseler 6. Identify the rhetorical device that appears in the following passage: “The conservative mind is rigid and inflexible, like an orange peel that’s dried out in the sun.” §  A. Slander §  B. Stereotype §  C. Loaded question §  D. Innuendo 7. To maximize a decision is to §  A. use groupthink for individual decisions §  B. involve as many people affected by the decision as possible in its design §  C. achieve the best possible outcome §  D. generate many alternatives for evaluation 8. Psychological bias in decision making is best described as §  A. the inability to be objective when gathering, evaluating, and applying information for decision making §  B. the conflict that results from too many people involved with making a decision §  C. the effect that people's psychological capabilities have on the decisions they must make under pressure §  D. the fact that people are motivated by a need for power that clouds their decision-making capabilities 9. The four traditional management functions, still relevant today, include §  A. planning, leading, controlling, and organizing §  B. marketing, finance, accounting, and production §  C. planning, operations, labor, and contracting §  D. hiring, training, appraising, and firing 窗体底端             PHL 320 Week 2 Re-organization and Layoff Team Discussion & Summary   Review the linked articles and select one to review as a team.   Post responses to the following questions for the selected article.  Each team member should answer all of the questions:
  • What is the problem presented in the article?
  • Why do you think it is the problem?
  • What are some possible solutions?
Discuss as a team, responding to your teammates' posts.   Write a 3-paragraph synopsis that summarizes the team's discussion.             PHL 320 Week 3 Knowledge Check 1. Step 2 of the planning process is the generation of alternative plans that may be used to achieve goals. The generation of new ideas may emerge §  A. only if the person is thinking about the situation §  B. while the person is doing something else §  C. only in a group discussion §  D. only while asleep 2. To be effective, goals should have certain qualities, which are easy to remember with the acronym SMART. Which of the following qualities are included in the SMART acronym? §  A. Authentic §  B. Market §  C. Specific §  D. Trends 3. Managers analyzing the external environment and the internal resources use a SWOT analysis. Which of the following matches a term in the SWOT acronym? §  A. Timing §  B. Stress §  C. Opportunities §  D. Work plan 4. Which of the following are included in the three elements of creativity: §  A. Domain skills §  B. Innate ability §  C. Rote memory §  D. Followership 5. The four step creative process includes §  A. the statement process §  B. the stalemate process §  C. the incubation process §  D. the coverage process 6. Which of the following is a domain skill? §  A. Expertise §  B. Reading for pleasure §  C. Athletic ability §  D. Emotional stability 7. Barriers to applying creative thinking in business decision making include §  A. not listening to new ideas from front line managers §  B. brainstorming for creative ideas §  C. customer satisfaction surveys §  D. analyzing internal strengths and weaknesses 8. The mission statement of an organization §  A. is a collection of goals set by the operations department §  B. is a clear and concise expression of the basic purpose of the organization §  C. is a statement of customer rights §  D. is a summary of the SWOT analysis 9. The intangible assets of an organization include §  A. the company’s reputation §  B. the company’s cash position §  C. the company’s buildings §  D. the company’s production facilities 10. Which of the following is a step in the strategy implementation process? §  A. Perform a SWOT analysis. §  B. Assign resources. §  C. Assess competition. §  D. Define strategic tasks 11. Analysis of the external opportunities includes §  A. a labor union relations analysis §  B. a political and regulatory analysis §  C. a chain of command analysis §  D. delegation of authority 12. A technique for assessing the organization's internal and external environments in order to formulate strategy is called a §  A. functional strategy §  B. benchmarking strategy §  C. SWOT analysis §  D. BCG matrix 窗体底端 窗体顶端 窗体顶端         PHL 320 Week 3 Re-organization and Layoff Issue and Problem Identification Paper   Review the  discussion from Week 2. Write a paper of no more than 1,050 words that incorporates ideas from the discussion. The paper should do the following:
  • Summarize the issue.
  • Identify the problem.
  • Explain why this is the underlying problem.
  • Reflect on the group collaboration process in defining the problem.
  • Explain how a clearly defined problem could help you find the solutions.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.           PHL 320 Week 3 Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet   The following are some common rhetorical strategies:  
  • Innuendo: a leading suggestion
  • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people
  • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions
  • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration
  Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements.   1.       I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields).  _________________   2.       Have you stopped beating your wife? _____________   3.       The Maserati is the best car in the world! _________________   4.       All men love football; all women love the ballet. ______________    The following are some common rhetorical fallacies:  
  • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur.
  • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence
  • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A.
  • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation
  • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument
  • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic
  Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements.   1.       We can either stop using plastic, or destroy the Earth  ______________   2.       I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not feel well, so the tuna made me ill. ___________   3.       If you enjoy a social drink, it could lead to you becoming an alcoholic, so you probably should never drink. __________   4.       Even though this is the first week of class, I can tell this is going to be a very easy course. ______________   5.       We know that smoking can affect your health, but how else will tobacco farmers earn a living? ______________   6.       As the candidate for mayor, he has some good ideas, but we know that all politicians are dishonest.___________             PHL 320 Week 4 Re-Organization and Layoff Solutions Paper   Select two potential creative solutions for the problems you identified in the Re-organization and Layoff assignment in Week 2. Write a paper of no more than 1,050 words to present the solutions and explain why each will work. Include a summary of methods your teams utilized to develop the creative solution. Describe how your team overcame barriers to deciding on the solutions.           PHL 320 Week 4 SWOT and Strategy Evaluation Paper   Select an industry, such as the gambling industry, to complete a SWOT analysis. Access the profile overview for the selected industry:
  • In the University Library, click Company Directory and Financials.
  • Click Hoover's First Research.
  • Click Continue.
  • Click Submit.
  • Type gambling (or your selected industry) in the search box, and click to continue.
  • Gambling (or the selected industry of choice) should be first in the list.
Read the industry profile overview, including the website links, on the page. Complete a SWOT analysis for the selected industry. The SWOT analysis allows a business to understand how a competitor is positioned in the environment by assessing its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. An understanding of a competitor's position can be a key for a business to determine where funding and resources should be allotted to create new products or services.   Use information in the industry profile overview and other scholarly sources as needed. The SWOT analysis should include each of the following:
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Opportunities
  • Threats
Write a 1,050- to 1,500-word paper, including the following attributes:
  • SWOT analysis, including a SWOT chart
    • Identify opportunities (either product or service) that could improve the customer experience.
  • Strategy evaluation
    • Define strategic tasks.
    • Assess the industry's capabilities.
    • Identify the barriers to strategy implementation.
  • A response to the following:
    • Based on the SWOT analysis and strategy evaluation, what are some creative actions the industry can pursue to include innovation as a component of their strategy?
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.       PHL 320 Week 4 Knowledge Check Week 4 Knowledge Check The material presented below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help you master the material. Personalized Study Guide Results  Score 9 / 9 Concepts Mastery Questions Assessing the content of the claim, the credibility of sources, and credibility and the news media 100% ·         1 ·         2 ·         3 Managing group decision making 100% ·         4 ·         5 ·         6 Managing change 100% ·         7 ·         8 ·         9 Concept: Assessing the content of the claim, the credibility of sources, and credibility and the news media Mastery 100% Questions ·         1 ·         2 ·         3 Materials on the concept
  • The Credibility of Sources
  • Interested Parties
  • Expertise
1. In the context of evaluating the credibility of the sources from which people get claims, identify an accurate statement about an interested party. ·         A. An interested party is one that is likely to benefit from a person's belief in a claim. ·         B. An interested party must be viewed with less suspicion than a disinterested party. ·         C. An interested party always provides false, unreliable information. ·         D. An interested party is the most reliable of all sources of claims. 2. Which of the following serves as an important criterion for evaluating a person's expertise in a subject? ·         A. Physical appearance ·         B. Gender ·         C. Education ·         D. Ethnicity 3. Esmeralda's cell phone is not working. She takes her phone to the service center and asks Alex, a member of the technical support team, if her phone can be repaired. Alex examines Esmeralda's phone and tells her that her cell phone processor is damaged and that it would cost her $200 to get her phone repaired. Esmeralda tells Alex that she needs some time to consider the repair charges and leaves the showroom. Later in the day, Esmeralda's neighbor, Jack, an electronic technician, examines her phone and claims that there is nothing wrong with the processor and that only the phone display has to be repaired. In the context of the credibility of sources, which of the following statements is true based on the information provided in this scenario? ·         A. Alex represents a disinterested party. ·         B. Esmeralda must view Alex with much more suspicion than Jack. ·         C. Alex's claim is more credible than Jack's claim. ·         D. Esmeralda is an interested party. Concept: Managing group decision making Mastery 100% Questions ·         4 ·         5 ·         6 Materials on the concept
  • Leadership Style
  • Managing Group Decision Making
  • Encouraging Creativity
  • Brainstorming
4. Which of the following points must the leader of a decision-making body consider while managing the process of group decision making? ·         A. Dominate the group discussion and convince people into conforming ·         B. Ensure that the members of the group do not engage in satisficing ·         C. Allow only a few members of the group to share their viewpoints ·         D. Avoid allowing any sort of conflict, even if it may be constructive, to creep into the discussion 5. Sao Corp., a mobile phone manufacturing company, introduces Xyta, a new cellphone model into the market. The cellphone, sharing features with other competing products, does well in the market and brings the company good profits. Observing the success of the model, the company decides to add new features to the basic design of Xyta and re-launch the product as Xyta 2.0. The new model has more storage space, higher resolution, voice activated dialing, and a different color. In this case, which of the following techniques has Sao Corp. adopted that makes it creative ·         A. Synthesis ·         B. Invention ·         C. Modification ·         D. Creation 6. What is the term used to refer to the process of silently documenting creative ideas that are formed during group decision making? ·         A. Brainwriting ·         B. Groupthink ·         C. Satisficing ·         D. Conformity Concept: Managing change Mastery 100% Questions ·         7 ·         8 ·         9 Materials on the concept
  • Motivating People to Change
  • General Reasons for Resistance
  • A General Model for Managing Resistance
  • Unfreezing
  • Managing Change
Show More 7. Which among the following reasons to resist change is caused due to people's hesitancy to try something new because they are comfortable with the old ways of doing things? ·         A. Misunderstanding ·         B. Peer pressure ·         C. Inertia ·         D. Different assessments 8. Farah, a senior project manager at Zoemech Inc., discovers that the software the company uses to track the productivity of its employees has become obsolete. The software is not designed to account for the employees working overtime, and this affects the accurate calculation of monthly bonuses. Farah communicates this problem to the rest of her team and explains why it is necessary for them to upgrade to a better version of tracking software. In the context of the general model for managing resistance, which stage of motivating people to change does this scenario best illustrate? ·         A. Fixing ·         B. Refreezing ·         C. Moving ·         D. Unfreezing 9. In which of the following situations does one employ the approach of education and communication to manage resistance to change? ·         A. When there are people who are powerful enough to resist strongly ·         B. When people resist because they cannot make adjustments to cope with the changes ·         C. When the information available is based on inaccurate analyses ·         D. When all the other alternatives to resisting change are very expensive         PHL 320 Week 5 Labor Practices Paper   A clothing company uses sweatshop labor to manufacture clothing products that contribute to low pricing, which is a consumer want.   Many companies have engaged in sweatshop labor. Did the clothing company engage in unethical labor practices by utilizing sweatshop labor?   Research sweatshop labor.

Write a paper of no more than 750 words to present your position on sweatshop labor and provide justification. Include the following:
  • How consumer demands affect a company's business decision
  • How different ethical perspectives guide ethical decision making
  • How a company influences their ethical environment
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.         PHL 320 Week 5 Re-organization and Layoff Decision Making Evaluation Paper   Write a paper of no more than 750 words to include the following elements:
  • Select a recommendation from the two creative solutions identified in Week 4 for solving the problem.
  • Explain why the solution would help the middle-income customer. Provide credible sources to support your decision.
  • Explain what business decision an organization should make based on the solution.
  • For the business decision chosen, explain the resources an organization would need to implement that decision and factors that might affect the implementation.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.       PHL 320 Week 5 Knowledge Check Week 5 Knowledge Check The material presented below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help you master the material. Personalized Study Guide Results  Score 9 / 9 Concepts Mastery Questions Major perspectives in moral reasoning 100% ·         1 ·         2 ·         3 Ethical systems and business ethics 100% ·         4 ·         5 ·         6 The ethics environment, ethical decision making, and courage 100% ·         7 ·         8 ·         9 Concept: Major perspectives in moral reasoning Mastery 100% Questions ·         1 ·         2 ·         3 Materials on the concept
  • Consequentialism
  • Major Perspectives In Moral Reasoning
  • Virtue Ethics
  • Moral Relativism
1. Identify a form of consequentialism according to which an act is considered the morally right thing to do if it results in more happiness than other alternative acts would. ·         A. Deontologism ·         B. Utilitarianism ·         C. Religious absolutism ·         D. Moral subjectivism 2. Which of the following statements is true of virtue ethics? ·         A. Virtue ethics primarily focuses on the question of what is the morally right thing to do. ·         B. Virtue ethics focuses on how to be rather than on what to do. ·         C. Virtue ethics is in fact an abstruse ethical theory. ·         D. Virtue ethics alone holds the answers to all moral questions. 3. Imran is shocked when he hears that his seventeen-year-old cousin, Zoya, has moved in with her boyfriend. Alex, Imran's friend, however, does not consider Zoya's actions immoral. Imran explains to Alex that his family comes from a cultural background where entering into a premarital relationship is unacceptable. After hearing this, Alex understands Imran's perspective of the situation and empathizes with him. What form of moral reasoning has been exemplified in this scenario? ·         A. Duty theory ·         B. Virtue ethics ·         C. Moral relativism ·         D. Religious absolutism Concept: Ethical systems and business ethics Mastery 100% Questions ·         4 ·         5 ·         6 Materials on the concept
  • Ethical Systems
  • Egoism and Utilitarianism
  • Virtue ethics
4. What is a proponent of egoism most likely to believe? ·         A. If an action maximizes the benefits for an individual, then it is acceptable. ·         B. Morally acceptable behavior is behavior that is aimed at creating the greatest good for the greatest number of people. ·         C. Ethical behavior must be defined in accordance to how other people behave. ·         D. Any behavior is morally acceptable if a mature person with a good moral character deems it right. 5. Which perspective of moral reasoning suggests that behavior that is deemed ethical by a mature person with a good moral character is moral behavior? ·         A. Universalism ·         B. Virtue ethics ·         C. Relativism ·         D. Absolutism 6. Ten-year-old Ron is preparing for a math test for the following week. His mother is surprised to find him studying on a Sunday as Ron hates doing math and preparing for tests. When she asks him why this test is so important, he tells her that his teacher has warned him that if he scores a low grade, he will not be allowed to play on the soccer team, and he wants to avoid that at all costs. In the context of Kohlberg's model of cognitive moral development, Ron is in which stage of cognitive moral development? ·         A. The conventional stage ·         B. The principled stage ·         C. The postprincipled stage ·         D. The preconventional stage Concept: The ethics environment, ethical decision making, and courage Mastery 100% Questions ·         7 ·         8 ·         9 Materials on the concept
  • Danger Signs
  • The Ethics Environment
  • Ethics Programs
  • Ethics
  • Ethical Decision Making
7. Identify a factor that could lead to an environment that stimulates unethical behavior in a business. ·         A. Laying more emphasis on the long-term considerations of a business than its short-term revenues. ·         B. Installing clear procedures for handling ethical issues ·         C. Willingly taking an ethical stand, even if it adds cost to the business ·         D. Trying to solve all ethical problems with quick and easy techniques 8. Which type of ethics programs is designed to punish violations of corporate law? ·         A. A compliance-based program ·         B. An integrity-based program ·         C. An operations-based program ·         D. A veracity-based program 9. An inspection of the manufacturing facilities at Altum Chemicals Inc. reveals that the company has not been maintaining the mandatory safety standards. The management believes that this is one of the reasons for the bad attitude and low morale of the workforce. In the context of business costs incurred due to ethical failures, which among the following has been illustrated in this scenario? ·         A. Government penalties ·         B. Customer defections ·         C. Employee cynicism ·         D. Remedial education