SCI 220 Week 1 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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SCI 220 Week 1 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks' readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week's Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 1 Exam.

Complete the Week 1 Exam covering this week's assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 1: Nutrition: Everyday Choices
Ch. 2: Guidelines for a Healthy Diet
Ch. 3: Digestion: From Meals to Molecules
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

 

Test Bank, Question 6


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following statements regarding phytochemicals is true?






They are essential for life.


 


They are always harmful to our health.


 


They are found in plant foods.


 


They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet.


 
 
Test Bank, Question 39


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Dietary supplements provide nutrients and all the other benefits of food.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 63


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Healthy eating requires you to give up your favorite low nutrient-dense foods.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 52


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Over time, consuming excess or insufficient amounts of one or more nutrients will result in malnutrition.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 58


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Nutrigenomics explores the interaction between genetic variation and nutrition.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 21


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Ethan achieves his recommended intake of vegetables by eating a large baked potato every day. Which principle is he not achieving?






balance


 


moderation


 


nutrient density


 


variety


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which is NOT an example of moderation in your diet and lifestyle?






Going back for seconds on all dinner items, rather than just the item you like best


 


Eating dessert occasionally


 


Balancing an extra dessert with extra exercise


 


Sharing a restaurant entrée or dessert with your dinner companion


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 63


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Limiting empty calories is important as they provide mostly calories and fewer nutrients.






True
 


False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45


Your answer is correct.
 
 
For all nutrients, Tolerable Upper Intake (UL) Levels are set for intakes from dietary supplements only.






True
 


False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 42


Your answer is correct.
 
 
A person’s nutritional status is influenced by his/her intake and utilization of nutrients.






True
 


False
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 46


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The EARs are set higher than the RDAs.






True
 


False
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 69


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Food additives must be included in the ingredients list.






True
 


False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 65


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Restaurants, upon request, must be able to provide consumers with the nutritional information of the foods served.






True
 


False
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Beans and peas are good sources of the nutrients found in both vegetables and protein foods, so they can be counted in either food group.






True
 


False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following is NOT considered to be a source of empty calories?






Donuts and other pastries


 


Soft drinks and candy


 


Table sugar and butter


 


Oils


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 32


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Nutrient content and health claims are approved by the:






FDA.


 


food manufacturer.


 


USDA.


 


US Department of Public Health.


 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 2


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The smallest units of life are






atoms.


 


cells.


 


organs.


 


tissues.


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 6


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following substances is not absorbed by the human body?






Amino acids


 


Fatty acids


 


Fiber


 


Sugars


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29


Your answer is correct.
 
 
What might occur if the sphincter denoted here doesn’t close correctly, and some of the contents from the stomach enter into the esophagus?







Choking


 


Constipation


 


Heartburn


 


Peptic ulcers


 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following is digested before being absorbed?






Minerals


 


Protein


 


Vitamins


 


Water


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 43


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Collectively, the microvilli are referred as the brush border.






True
 


False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The gastric pits produce each of the following EXCEPT






an inactive form of pepsin.


 


hydrochloric acid.


 


mucus.


 


salivary amylase.


 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 38


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Glucose can be used to make fatty acids.






True
 


False
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 41


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The nutritional composition of a meal affects how long it stays in the stomach.






True
 


False
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 11


Your answer is correct.
 
 
All of the following are examples of lipids except






cholesterol.


 


saturated fat.


 


sugars.


 


unsaturated fat.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 6


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following statements regarding phytochemicals is true?






They are essential for life.


 


They are always harmful to our health.


 


They are found in plant foods.


 


They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 63


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Healthy eating requires you to give up your favorite low nutrient-dense foods.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 16


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following is associated with overnutrition?






Anemia


 


Failure to thrive


 


Obesity and Type 2 diabetes


 


Osteoporosis


 

 

Test Bank, Question 51


Your answer is correct.
 
 
All six classes of nutrients play important roles in regulating body processes.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 55


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Chronic overconsumption of kcalories and certain nutrients from foods can cause health problems.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 13


Your answer is correct.
 
 
With the exception of _______, all the classes of nutrients are involved in forming and maintaining the body’s structure.






carbohydrates


 


lipids


 


minerals


 


vitamins


 

 

Test Bank, Question 47


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Minerals are organic molecules that are needed in small amounts to maintain health.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 37


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The Dietary Reference Intakes are only concerned with the correction of nutrient deficiencies.






True
 


False
 
 
 
 



 

Test Bank, Question 19


Your answer is correct.
 
 
MyPlate:






divides foods into 4 groups.


 


illustrates the appropriate proportions of food.


 


replaces the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.


 


All of these are characteristic of MyPlate.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 4


Your answer is correct.
 
 
All of the following are characteristics of the Dietary Reference Intakes EXCEPT:






the standards are designed to prevent nutrient deficiency.


 


the standards are designed to reduce the risk of chronic disease.


 


there are two sets of standards, one for healthy people and one for when someone is sick.


 


they can be used to determine if a person's diet provides adequate amounts of the essential nutrients.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 77


Your answer is correct.
 
 
If you ate the entire box, how many calories from fat would you have consumed?







110


 


220


 


250


 


500


 

 

Test Bank, Question 40


Your answer is correct.
 
 
A limitation of the information obtained from population health and nutrition surveys is that the information cannot be used if the nation is meeting health and nutrition goals.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 64


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Food labels are designed to help consumers make wise food choices at the point of purchase.






True
 


False
 

 

 Bank, Question 29


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following pieces of information is NOT required on the foods label?






Name of the product


 


Total weight or volume of the contents


 


Name, address and website of the manufacturer, distributor or packager


 


Ingredients in descending order by weight


 

 

Test Bank, Question 60


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Beans and peas are good sources of the nutrients found in both vegetables and protein foods, so they can be counted in either food group.






True
 


False
 
 
 
 



 

Test Bank, Question 61


Your answer is correct.
 
 
MyPlate emphasizes the importance of proportionality, moderation, and nutrient density, but not variety.






True
 


False
 
 
 
 



 

Test Bank, Question 27


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The mass of chewed food that is swallowed is called






bicarbonate.


 


the bolus.


 


chyme.


 


pepsin.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 13


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Factors that influence transit time include all of the following EXCEPT the






composition of the meal.


 


emotional status of the individual.


 


use of certain medications.


 


all of these influence transit time.


 

 

Test Bank, Question 67


Your answer is correct.
 
 
The _____ system eliminates the majority of nitrogen-containing metabolic waste products.






circulatory


 


integumentary


 


respiratory


 


urinary


 

 

Test Bank, Question 30


Your answer is correct.
 
 
_____ is a circular muscle that acts as a valve, opening and closing to allow the gastric contents to move throughout the GI tract.






Connective tissue


 


The lumen


 


A sphincter


 


The rectum


 

 

Test Bank, Question 6


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Which of the following substances is not absorbed by the human body?






Amino acids


 


Fatty acids


 


Fiber


 


Sugars


 

 

Test Bank, Question 17


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Enzymes are substrate specific, meaning that lipases will only digest lipids.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 16


Your answer is correct.
 
 
Amylase is a hormone that digests carbohydrates.






True
 


False
 

 

Test Bank, Question 63


Your answer is correct.
 
 
As compared to when you are at rest between meals, when you have eaten a meal, a ____________ proportion of your blood goes to your digestive system.






smaller


 


the same


 


greater


 

 
 
Which of the following statements about fortified foods is false?



Fortification of foods began to help eliminate nutrient deficiencies in the population.


 


Milk with added vitamin D is an example of food fortification.


 


Voluntary food fortification may increase the likelihood of consuming an excess of some nutrients.


 


Voluntary fortification of foods is at the discretion of the federal government


 

 

A slice of apple pie has the same nutrient density as eating a medium-size apple.



 
True
 


False
 

 

 

 

If you know you are going to order dessert at dinner tonight, which of these choices would illustrate the concept of balancing your choices?




Choosing a salad with fat-free salad dressing for lunch


 


Eating a big lunch as you will ‘blow’ your diet tonight anyway


 


Skipping breakfast


 


All of these illustrate balance.


 

 

Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are all organic compounds that provide energy to the body.



True
 


False
 

 

 

Typically, less processed foods have lower nutrient density.




True
 


False
 

 

 

 

Which nutrient intake recommendation is used as a goal when a Recommended Dietary Allowance does not exist?



Adequate Intake


 


Estimated Average Requirement


 


Estimated Energy Requirement


 


Tolerable Upper Intake Level


 

 

 

 

For a dietary supplement to claim “high potency,” it must contain ____ percent of the Daily Value for the given nutrient based on the stated serving size.




20


 


50


 


100


 


125


 

 

 

To decrease your chance of getting a food-borne illness, you should:




cut your fresh produce and raw meat on the same cutting board to limit waste.


 


eat your fresh fruits and vegetables without washing them first to preserve the nutritional value.


 


order your steaks rare to medium-well in doneness.


 


wash your hands frequently.


 

 

 

 

Which of the following is promoted by the Mediterranean Eating Pattern?




Eating poultry and eggs daily.


 


Consuming full-fat dairy products frequently.


 


Eating red meat and sweets less often.


 


Limiting consumption of nuts and seeds.


 

 

 

 

The intestinal microflora synthesize small amounts of vitamin D.




True
 


False
 

 

 

 

 

In regard to blood circulation, if you begin with oxygen-poor blood that reaches the heart from the body and is pumped through arteries to capillaries of the lungs, then determine the order for the following:
1. In capillaries of the body, nutrients and oxygen move from the blood to body tissues.
2. Oxygen-rich blood returns to the heart from the lungs by veins.
3. In capillaries of the lungs, oxygen from inhaled air is picked up by the blood and carbon dioxide is released into the lungs and exhaled.
4. Oxygen-rich blood is pumped out of the heart into arteries leading to the body.




1 → 3 → 4 → 2


 


4 → 2 → 1 → 3


 


3 → 2 → 4 → 1


 


2 → 3 → 1 → 4


 

 

 

The slow movement of food stuff through the _____ favors the growth of microflora.




large intestine


 


pancreas


 


small intestine


 


stomach


 

 

 

 

The first location of chemical and mechanical digestion is the stomach.




True
 


False
 

 

 

Nutrients are used for energy or to synthesize substances in the body after they are absorbed.




True
 


False