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CJS 251 Week 1 Court History and Purpose Paper

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you examine and evaluate the American criminal court system. Address the following in your paper:




Describe a court and its purpose.


Define the dual court system.


Describe the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played in the development of courts.


Identify the role of courts in criminal justice today.


Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.




CJS 251 Week 1 Quiz

Week 1 Quiz: Chapters 1, 3 and 4



1) The earliest known example of a formal written legal code was the __________.





A) Declaration of Independence


B) Code of Hammurabi


C) Retributive Code of Romans


D) U.S. Constitution



2) This type of remedy requires one party to perform certain acts or refrain from certain actions.





A) monetary damages


B) judicial discretion


C) habeas corpus


D) injunctive relief



3) __________ due process is concerned with protecting people’s life, liberty, and property rights.





A) Procedural


B) Preventative


C) Secondary


D) Substantive



4) The law that emerged from the first meeting of Congress was the __________.





A) Articles of Confederation


B) Federal Judiciary Act of 1891


C) Federal Judiciary Act of 1789


D) Congressional Judiciary Act of 1788



5) Currently, just __________ of the federal district courts’ caseload is criminal; the rest of the cases they decide are civil.





A) 20%


B) 15%


C) 35%


D) 25%



6) The federal court system is comprised of __________ tiers of courts.





A) three


B) one


C) two


D) four



7) The total incoming trial caseload for lower state courts exceeds over __________ in any given year.





A) 500,000,000


B) 100,000,000


C) 200,000,000


D) 50,000,000



8) Appeals from limited jurisdiction courts usually go before the general jurisdiction courts as a new trial, known as a __________.





A) adjournment


B) en banc trial


C) trial de novo


D) caseflow management



9) During the colonial period, most political authority rested with __________ who were appointed by the king of England.





A) village leaders


B) public commissioners


C) high chancellors


D) governors



10) The term used to describe the sharing of judicial power between the states and the federal government.





A) judicial federalism


B) judicial synergism


C) judicial leverage


D) judicial collaboration





CJS 251 Week 2 Courtroom Participation Professional Standards

Resource: Courtroom Participants’ Professional Standards

For this assignment, select and complete one of the following options:




Option 1: Paper


Option 2: Presentation


Option 3: News Article


Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.






CJS 251 Week 2 Courtroom Participant Chart

Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Courtroom Participant Chart.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

In order to get full credit on this assignment, every box must contain at least 100 words.





CJS 251 Week 2 Quiz

Week 2 Quiz: Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10 and 13



1) Per __________, Section 2 of the Constitution, federal judges are appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate.





A) Article I


B) Article IV


C) Article III


D) Article II



2) The __________ Amendment guarantees criminal defendants the right to trial by an impartial judge.





A) Fourteenth


B) Fifth


C) Tenth


D) Eighth



3) The __________ is the chief local prosecutor at the county level.





A) District Attorney


B) U.S. Attorney General


C) General Prosecutor


D) Solicitor General



4) __________ is an approach intended to improve cooperation and collaboration between prosecutors and individuals outside the criminal justice system.





A) Community prosecution


B) Social norm prosecution


C) Neighborhood prosecution


D) Community policing



5) Conviction rates for indigent defendants and those with their own lawyers were about the same in Federal and State courts. About __________% of Federal defendants and __________% of the defendants in the most populous counties were found guilty regardless of the type of their attorneys.





A) 80, 60


B) 90, 75


C) 50, 35


D) 100, 100




6) The first public defender program in the United States opened in __________ in 1913.





A) Providence


B) New York City


C) Boston


D) Los Angeles



7) In __________, the Court extended the right to counsel to misdemeanor cases.





A) Gideon v. Wainwright


B) Powell v. Alabama


C) Betts v. Brady


D) Argersinger v. Hamlin



8) The __________ Amendment provides that no person “shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.”





A) Sixth


B) Fifth


C) Fourteenth


D) Twelfth



9) The right to a jury trial has always been recognized in the federal courts, but this right was not extended to the states until 1968 in the case of __________.





A) Patton v. United States


B) McKeiver v. Pennsylvania


C) Ristaino v. Ross


D) Duncan v. Louisiana



10) The appropriate size for a jury is anywhere between __________ and __________ members.





A) six, sixteen


B) four, sixteen


C) six , twelve


D) two, twelve






CJS 251 Week 3 Plea Bargaining Discussion Summary

Discuss the following with your team:




Define plea bargaining.


Distinguish between charge bargaining and sentence bargaining.


Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.


Describe how plea bargaining reflects or thwarts the crime control and due process models of criminal justice.


Write a summary individually of the team discussion clearly answering the above bullets

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.




CJS 251 Week 3 Courtroom TV Paper

Research the Internet and find a celebrated criminal prosecution case to analyze, such as a criminal case that received media attention. This case must have proceeded to trial; it cannot have been plea bargained or dismissed before the trial phase.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you address the following questions:




Summarize the criminal procedures that occurred in this case, from arrest through appeal, if applicable.


What was the crime the defendant was alleged to have committed? What are the elements of that crime? Is there sufficient evidence to believe the defendant guilty of this crime beyond a reasonable doubt? Explain.


Identify the legal defenses used in this case. Explain what the defense entails and if it is viable.


Based on the evidence, should, or did, the defense apply to either exonerate the defendant or reduce his sentence?


Format your answers consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.





CJS 251 Week 3 Quiz

Week 3 Quiz: Chapters 11, 12 and 13



1) A(n) __________ occurs after the police develop probable cause that the suspect committed a crime and/or they obtain an arrest warrant issued by a judicial magistrate.





A) bail setting


B) arrest


C) trial


D) conviction



2) The __________ is formally defined as the requirement that evidence obtained in violation of the Constitution during an illegal arrest, search, or other process, cannot be used in a criminal trial.





A) self-incrimination


B) exclusionary rule


C) 80/20


D) unreasonable search and seizure



3) A(n) __________ is a written accusation submitted to the court by a prosecutor, alleging that a specified person(s) has committed a specified offense.





A) information


B) conviction bill


C) indictment


D) grant of immunity



4) The __________ Amendment states that “excessive bail shall not be required.”





A) Fourth


B) Second


C) Fourteenth


D) Eighth



5) In 1975, the state of __________ banned the practice of plea bargaining.





A) North Dakota


B) Oklahoma


C) New Hampshire


D) Alaska




6) The decision from __________ continues to hold great importance. Today it serves to protect even the lowest-level offender from corrupt or manipulative practices by over-zealous prosecutors.





A) Brady v. United States


B) United States v. Goodwin


C) Edwards v. People


D) Santobello v. New York



7) Cases referencing plea agreements go all the way back to the __________ century.





A) 19th


B) 14th


C) 18th


D) 12th



8) __________ occurs when a defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a less serious sentence.





A) Nolo contendre


B) Charge bargaining


C) Sentence bargaining


D) Plea acceptance



9) The __________ Amendment states, in part, that the “accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state.”





A) Fifth


B) Fourth


C) Second


D) Sixth



10) Voir dire typically begins with the __________ asking questions concerning potential jurors’ familiarity with the case, attitudes toward one or other party to the case, demographic information, and so on.





A) judge


B) defense attorney


C) jury consultant


D) prosecutor





CJS 251 Week 4 Week Four CJi Interactive Media

Complete the following CJi Interactive activities:




Chapter 8: The Courts: History, Structure and Key Players Myths & Issues Videos Issue 2: Specialized Courts


Chapter 4: Criminal Law Myths & Issues Videos Issue 2: Is there “Equal Justice under Law”?


Chapter 14: The Juvenile Justice System Learning Modules How Juveniles are Processed


Chapter 14: The Juvenile Justice System Learning Modules Difference between Adult and Juvenile Justice system


Chapter 14: The Juvenile Justice System Learning Modules History of Juvenile Justice Court


Chapter 14: The Juvenile Justice System Myths & Issues Videos Issue 2: Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court and Juveniles in Adult Correctional Facilities


Write a 350-word reflection about the learning modules and submit it to your instructor.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.





CJS 251 Week 4 Emerging Issues and Challenges Presentation

Choose one of the following topics:




Juvenile court process and specialized courts


Women and minorities in the court


Causes of wrongful conviction


Technology in the courtroom


Prepare an 8- to 12-slide presentation that explains the topic.

Include statistics, contemporary examples, and scholarly sources in your presentation.

Arrange the information in a visually appealing manner by selecting an appropriate background design and by balancing short, bulleted phrases with complementary images.

Include all references in the notes section for each slide

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.






CJS 251 Week 4 Quiz

Week 4 Quiz: Chapters 5, 6, 15, and 16


1) A(n) __________ is when a decision is made whether a case should enter the juvenile justice system or be terminated without further action.





A) judicial decision


B) judicial disposition


C) detention


D) intake



2) The term __________ refers to trying juveniles as adults.





A) concurrent jurisdiction


B) adjudication hearing


C) legislative exclusion


D) juvenile waiver



3) This allows juvenile court judges to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18.





A) reverse waiver


B) extended jurisdiction


C) blended sentence


D) concurrent jurisdiction



4) So-called __________ , or problem-solving courts, include drug courts, domestic violence courts, and teen courts among others.





A) traditional courts


B) specialized courts


C) adjudication courts


D) special jurisdictional courts



5) Goldstein’s concept of __________ was influential due to its concern with developing custom-tailored solutions to specific types of crime problems.





A) custom-solution policing


B) problem-oriented policing


C) broken-windows policing


D) ends-justification policing





6) The decision in the case of __________ defined an articulable standards for the conduct of warrantless stop-and-frisk searches.





A) Furman v. Georgia


B) Terry v. Ohio


C) Chicago v. Morales


D) Roberts v. Louisiana



7) At the top of the wedding cake model, the smallest layer, are __________.





A) misdemeanors


B) felonies


C) celebrated cases


D) serial murder cases



8) The __________ decision was far-reaching. It brought executions to a halt and “emptied death rows across the country.”





A) Furman v. Georgia


B) Terry v. Ohio


C) Mapp v. Ohio


D) Gregg v. Georgia



9) __________ refers to any means of settling disputes outside the courtroom.





A) Alternative dispute resolution


B) Deposition


C) Arbitration


D) Mediation



10) The Federal Judicial Center has stated __________ technologies use devices such as integrated lecterns and electronic whiteboards in the courtroom.





A) level-two


B) level-four


C) level-three


D) level-one







CJS 251 Week 5 Restorative Justice Paper

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper to the community explaining the restorative justice process. Include the following in your paper:




Explain the process of restorative justice and why it is used in the criminal justice system.


Explain how the damage of a crime can go beyond the immediate victim.


Describe how the restorative justice process differs from contemporary criminal justice processes.


Reflect on how the restorative justice process can benefit the offender, the victim and the community.


Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.







CJS 251 Week 5 Quiz

Week 5 Quiz: Chapter 14



1) Probation is one of the most frequent sentences handed down by judges – there are now more than __________ million people on probation.





A) eight


B) ten


C) four


D) one



2) __________ circumstances are those that reduce the seriousness or outrageousness of a given crime.





A) Aggravated


B) Modifying


C) Auxillary


D) Mitigating



3) The __________ Amendment expressly states that the right to counsel applies in criminal prosecutions.





A) Fourth


B) Eighth


C) Sixth


D) Second



4) In __________, the Court held that a defendant’s appeal of a preadjudication order denying him dismissal of his indictment on double jeopardy grounds was permissible.





A) Kotteakos v. United States


B) Carroll v. United States


C) DiBella v. United States


D) Abney v. United States



5) Day fines were introduced by __________ in the 1920s.





A) Great Britain


B) the United States


C) West Germany


D) Sweden





6) __________ is the most common punishment used by the criminal justice system today.





A) Boot camp


B) A fine


C) Overnight detention


D) Forfeiture



7) In __________, the Court concluded that the test for constitutional harmless error is requiring the prosecution to prove “beyond a reasonable doubt” that the error complained of did not contribute to the verdict obtained.





A) North Carolina v. Pierce


B) Chapman v. California


C) Ford v. Wainwright


D) Kotteakos v. United States



8) The seizure , resulting from a criminal court proceeding, of money, negotiable instruments, securities, property, or other things of value that was derived from or was used to facilitate a crime or criminal activity is known as __________.





A) criminal forfeiture


B) search and seizure


C) civil forfeiture


D) intermediate sanction



9) __________ consists of a planned intervention intended to change behavior.





A) Incapacitation


B) Retribution


C) Rehabilitation


D) Deterrence



10) With a __________ sentence, the defendant serves time for two crimes at the same time.





A) consecutive


B) concurrent


C) congruent


D) continuing