Acc349 Managerial Accounting: P4-1B Waves Galore, Inc. manufactures hair curlers and blow-dryers

Acc349 Managerial Accounting

P4-1B
Waves Galore, Inc. manufactures hair curlers and blow-dryers. The handheld hair curler is Waves Galore’s high volume product (80,000 units annually). It is a “large barrel,” 20-watt, triple-heat appliance designed to appeal to the teenage market segment with its glow-in-the-dark handle. The handheld blow-dryer is Waves Galore’s lower-volume product (40,000 units annually). It is a three-speed, 2,000 watt appliance with a “cool setting” and a removable filter. It also is designed for the teen market.
Both products require one hour of direct labor for completion. Therefore, total annual direct labor hours are 120,000, (80,000 + 40,000). Expected annual manufacturing overhead is $438,000. Thus, the predetermined overhead rate is $3.65 per direct labor hour. The direct materials cost per unit is $5.25 for the hair curler and $9.75 for the blow-dryer. The direct labor cost is $8.00 per unit for the hair curler and the blow-dryer.
Waves Galore purchases most of the parts from suppliers and assembles the finished product at its Fargo, North Dakota plant. It recently adopted activity-based costing, which after this year-end will totally replace its traditional direct labor-based cost accounting system. Waves Galore has identified the following six activity cost pools and related cost drivers and has assembled the following information.
Activity Cost Pool Cost Driver Estimated Overhead Expected Use of Cost Drivers Expected Use of Drivers by Product
Curlers Dryers
Purchasing Orders 57,500 500 170 330
Receiving Pounds 42,000 140,000 58,000 82,000
Assembling Parts 166,000 830,000 415,000 415,000
Testing Tests 52,000 130,000 82,000 48,000
Finishing Units 60,000 120,000 80,000 40,000
Packing and shipping Cartons 60,500 12,100 8,040 4,060
$438,000

Instructions
(a) Under traditional product costing, compute the total unit cost of each product. Prepare a simple comparative schedule of the individual costs by product (similar to Illustration 4-4).
(b) Under ABC, prepare a schedule showing the computations of the activity-based overhead rates (per cost driver).
(c) Prepare a schedule assigning each activity’s overhead cost pool to each product based on the use of cost drivers. (Include a computation of overhead cost per unit, rounding to the nearest cent.)
(d) Compute the total cost per unit for each product under ABC.
(e) Classify each of the activities as a value-added activity or a non-value-added activity.
(f) Comment on (1) the comparative overhead cost per unit for the two products under ABC, and (2) the comparative total costs per unit under traditional costing and ABC.
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