Financial and Managerial Accounting: P19-2A French Broad Inc., operating at full capacity

Financial and Managerial Accounting 
PROBLEM 19-2A Break-even sales under present and proposed conditions
French Broad Inc., operating at full capacity, sold 25,125 units at a price of $75 per unit during 2008. 
Its income statement for 2008 is as follows: 
Sales 1,884,375 
Cost of goods sold 1,100,000 
Gross profit 784,375 
Expenses: 
Selling expenses 125,000 
Administrative expenses 125,000 
Total expenses 250,000 
Income from operations $534,375 

The division of costs between fixed and variable is as follows: 
Fixed Variable 
Cost of sales 40% 60% 
Selling expenses 50% 50% 
Administrative expenses 75% 25% 

Management is considering a plant expansion program that will permit an increase of $487,500 in yearly sales. 
The expansion will increase fixed costs by $135,000, but will not affect the relationship between sales and variable costs. 
1. Determine for 2008 the total fixed costs and the total variable costs. 
2. Determine for 2008 the unit variable cost and the unit contribution margin.
3. Compute the break-even sales in units for 2008. 
4. Compute the break-even sales in units under the proposed program. 
5. Determine the amount of sales in units that would be necessary under the proposed program to realize the $534,375 of income from operations that was earned in 2008.
6. Determine the maximum income from operations possible with the expanded plant.
7. If the proposal is accepted and sales remain at the 2008 level, what will be the income or loss from operations for 2009? 
8. Based on the data given, would you recommend accepting the proposal? Explain.
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