SCI 220 Week 1 Quiz in WileyPLUS®

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 SCI 220 Week 1 Quiz in WileyPLUS®
 

 

Complete the Week 1 Quiz in WileyPLUS®
 

 

Test Bank, Question 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the best definition of essential nutrients?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nutrients a person must consume to build muscle
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nutrients a person must consume in the diet to maintain health
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nutrients that should be taken as supplements
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nutrients that are provided by animal foods only
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The term “calorie” is used in nutrition to mean the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
amount of energy a food item provides when eaten.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
amount of fat a food item contains.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
heat contained within a food item.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
total nutrient content of a food item.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements regarding phytochemicals is true?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
They are essential for life.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
They are always harmful to our health.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
They are found in plant foods.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 13
 

With the exception of _______, all the classes of nutrients are involved in forming and maintaining the body’s structure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
carbohydrates
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lipids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
minerals
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamins
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements illustrates the concept of variety?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
If you can eat some extra fries, take a long walk in the afternoon.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Reduce your portions by using smaller bowls.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Skip the seconds or split your restaurant meal with a friend.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Try a new vegetable every week.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 25
 

Which of the following represents the correct order of steps of the scientific method?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Conduct the experiment, develop a hypothesis, form a theory, make an observation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Develop a hypothesis, conduct the experiment, make an observation, form a theory
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Form a theory, conduct the experiment, develop a hypothesis, make an observation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Make an observation, develop a hypothesis, conduct the experiment, form a theory
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Alcohol, although it is not a nutrient because it is not needed for life, provides about 7 calories per gram.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
True
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
False
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 2
 

The set of health promotion and disease prevention objectives that is revised every 10 years are the ________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Dietary Allowances
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Healthy People objectives
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
USDA Food Guidance System
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
US Diet Requirements
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7
 

The DRI that is most commonly used to determine the nutritional value of individual diets are the:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Adequate Intakes.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Estimated Average Requirements.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Recommended Dietary Allowances.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

As intake rises above the UL, the likelihood of _____ increases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
deficiency
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
normalcy
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
toxicity
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
nutrient density
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following are nutrient-dense protein sources EXCEPT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
almonds.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
bananas.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
black beans.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
sunflower seeds.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Discretionary calories come from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcohol and added sugars.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
added sugars and solid fats.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcohol and solid fats.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Alcohol, added sugars, and solid fats.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Overt nutrient deficiencies are now rare in the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
True
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the correct order, from smallest unit to largest?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
atoms → cells → molecules → tissues
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
atoms → molecules → cells → tissues
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cells → molecules → tissues → cells
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
molecules → atoms → cells → tissues
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 3
 

The pancreas is part of the endocrine system and also part of the digestive system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
True
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
False
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Proteins are broken down into _____ whereas fats are digested mostly into _____.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
amino acids, sugars
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
amino acids, fatty acids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fatty acids, sugars
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
glucose, vitamins
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 34
 

Which of the following is NOT an end result of chemical digestion?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Amino acids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fatty acids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Glucose
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Protein
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Enzymes are substrate specific, meaning that lipases will only digest lipids.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
True
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
False
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Bicarbonate neutralizes the acid in chyme, which allows ___ from the pancreas and small intestine to function.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
capillaries
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
enzymes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
hormones
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lacteals
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_____ lubricates, moistens, and protects the cells within the mucosa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Bile
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Enzymes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Lumen
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mucus
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