CMIS 102 Hands-On Lab

Week 8 Overview

This hands-on lab allows you to follow and experiment with the critical steps of developing a program including the program description, analysis, test plan, and implementation with C code.  The example provided uses sequential, repetition, selection statements, functions, strings and arrays.

Program Description

This program will input and store meteorological data into an array. The program will prompt the user to enter the average monthly rainfall for a specific region and then use a loop to cycle through the array and print out each value. The program should store up 5 years of meteorological data. Data is collected once per month. The program should provide the option to the user of not entering any data.

Analysis

I will use sequential, selection, and repetition programming statements and an array to store data. 
 I will define a 2-D array of Float number: Raindata[][] to store the Float values input by the user. To store up to 5 years of monthly data, the array size should be at least 5*12 = 60 elements. In a 2D array this will be RainData[5][12]. We can use #defines to set the number of years and months to eliminate hardcoding values.
 A float number (rain) will also be needed to input the individual rain data.

A nested for loop can be used to iterate through the array to enter Raindata. A nested for loop can also be used to print the data in the array. 

A array of strings can be used to store year and month names. This will allow a tabular display with labels for the printout.

Functions will be used to separate functionality into smaller work units. Functions for displaying the data and inputting the data will be used.

A selection statement will be used to determine if data should be entered.

Test Plan

To verify this program is working properly the input values could be used for testing:




Test
Case


Input



Expected
Output




1


Enter data?
= y
1.2 2.2 3.3
2.2
10.2
12.2
2.3 0.4 0.2 1.1
2.1


year 2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011
2011


 month 
Jan
 Feb
 Mar
 Apr
 May
 Jun
 Jul
 Aug
 Sep
 Oct
 Nov
 Dec


 rain  
1.20   2.20   3.30  
2.20  10.20  12.20  
2.30   0.40   0.20  
1.10   2.10
  0.40




 




 


0.4 1.1 2.2 3.3
2.2
10.2
12.2
2.3 0.4 0.2
1.1 2.1 0.4 1.1 2.2 3.3
2.2
10.2
12.2
2.3 0.4 0.2 1.1 2.1 0.4 1.1 2.2 3.3
2.2
10.2
12.2
2.3 0.4 0.2
1.1 2.1 0.4 1.1 2.2 3.3
2.2
10.2
12.2
2.3 0.4 0.2 1.1
2.1
0.4


2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2013
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2014
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
Please try
the Precipit again. 
 


 Jan
 Feb
 Mar
 Apr
 May
 Jun
 Jul
 Aug
 Sep
 Oct
 Nov
 Dec
 Jan
 Feb
 Mar
 Apr
 May
 Jun
 Jul
 Aug
 Sep
 Oct
 Nov
 Dec
 Jan
 Feb
 Mar
 Apr
 May
 Jun
 Jul
 Aug
 Sep
 Oct
 Nov
 Dec
 Jan
 Feb
 Mar
 Apr
 May
 Jun
 Jul
 Aug
 Sep
 Oct
 Nov
 Dec at


  1.10  
2.20   3.30   2.20 
10.20  12.20   2.30  
0.40   0.20   1.10  
2.10   0.40   1.10  
2.20   3.30   2.20 
10.20  12.20   2.30  
0.40   0.20   1.10  
2.10   0.40   1.10  
2.20   3.30   2.20 
10.20  12.20   2.30  
0.40   0.20   1.10  
2.10   0.40   1.10  
2.20   3.30   2.20 
10.20  12.20   2.30  
0.40   0.20   1.10  
2.10   0.40 ion program




2


Enter
data? = n
 


No data was
input at this time.




 


 


Please try the Precipitation program
again. 
 




 

C  Code


The following is the C Code that will compile in
execute in the online compilers.

// C code

// This program will input and store meteorological data into an
array. 

// Developer: Faculty
CMIS102

// Date: Jan 31, XXXX

#define NUMMONTHS 12

#define NUMYEARS 5

#include <stdio.h

 

// function prototypes
void inputdata(); void printdata();

 

// Global variables

// These are available to
all functions float Raindata[NUMYEARS][NUMMONTHS];

char years[NUMYEARS][5] =
{"2011","2012","2013","2014","2015"};  char months[NUMMONTHS][12]

={"Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun","Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"};
int main () {

  char enterData = 'y';

  printf("Do you want to input
Precipatation data? (y for yes)\n");  
scanf("%c",&enterData);  
if (enterData == 'y') {

    // Call Function to Input data     inputdata();  

  

     // Call Function to display data      printdata();

   }   
else {

     printf("No data was input at this
time\n");

   }

   printf("Please try the Precipitation
program again. \n");    return 0;

}

// function to inputdata
void inputdata() {

  /* variable definition: */   float Rain=1.0;      // Input Data

   for (int year=0;year < NUMYEARS; year++)
{       for (int month=0; month<
NUMMONTHS; month++) {          
printf("Enter rain for %d, %d:\n", year+1, month+1);           scanf("%f",&Rain);

          Raindata[year][month]=Rain;         

      }

   }

}

// Function to printdata
void printdata(){ // Print data

   printf ("year\t month\t
rain\n");    for (int year=0;year
< NUMYEARS; year++) {       for (int
month=0; month< NUMMONTHS; month++) {           printf("%s\t %s\t
%5.2f\n",

years[year],months[month],Raindata[year][month]);         

      }      


   }

}

 

 

Setting up the code and the input parameters in
ideone.com:

You can change these values to any valid integer
values to match your test cases.

Results from running the programming at ideone.com 

Learning Exercises for you to complete  

1.      
Modify the program to add a function to sum the
rainfall for each year. (Hint: you need to sum for each year. You can do this
using a looping structure). Support your experimentation with screen captures
of executing the new code.

 

2.      
Enhance the program to allow the user to enter another
meteorological element such as windspeed (e.g. 2.4 mph). Note, the user should
be able to enter both rainfall and windspeed in your new implementation.
Support your experimentation with screen captures of executing the new code.

 

3.      
Prepare a new test table with at least 2 distinct test
cases listing input and expected output for the code you created after step 2.

 

4.      
What happens if you change the NUMMONTHS and NUMYEARS
definitions to other values? Be sure to use both lower and higher values.
Describe and implement fixes for any issues if errors results.  Support your experimentation with screen
captures of executing the new code.

 

Grading guidelines




Submission


Points




Successfully demonstrates execution of this lab with online
compiler. Includes a screen capture. 


2




Modifies the code to add a function to sum the rainfall for
each year. Support your experimentation with screen captures of executing the
new code


2




Enhances the program to allow the user to enter another
meteorological element such as windspeed (e.g. 2.4 mph). Support your
experimentation with screen captures of executing the new code.
 


2




Provides a new test table with at least 2 distinct test
cases listing input and expected output for the code you created after step
2.


1




Describes what would happen if you change the
NUMMONTHS and NUMYEARS definitions to other values? Applies
both lower and higher values. Describes and implements fixes for any issues
if errors results.  Support your
experimentation with screen captures of executing the new code


2




Document is well-organized, and contains minimal spelling
and grammatical errors. 


1




Total


10

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