Assignment

Unit 5
This Assignment requires you to use Excel. Make sure to use the Unit 5 Assignment template located in Doc Sharing when you turn in your answers.
Submit your Assignment to the Unit 5 Dropbox.
Question 1
Determine the error for each of the following forecasts. Then, calculate MAD and MSE.
Period          Value  Forecast  Error
1 202          — —
2 191 202
3 173 192
4 169 181
5 171 174
6 175 172
7 182 174
8 196 179
9 204 189
10 219 198
11 227 211

Question 2
The U.S. Census Bureau publishes data on factory orders for all manufacturing, durable goods, and nondurable goods industries. Shown here are factory orders in the United States over a 13-year period (\$ billion).
First, use these data to develop forecasts for the years 6 through 13 using a 5-year moving average.

Then, use these data to develop forecasts for the years 6 through 13 using a 5-year weighted moving average. Weight the most recent year by 6, the previous year by 4, the year before that by 2, and the other years by 1.
a) What is the forecast for year 13 based on the 5-year moving average?
b) What is the forecast for year 13 based on the 5-year weighted moving average?
c) What is the MAD for the moving average forecast?
d) What is the MAD for the weighted moving average forecast?
e) Which forecasting model is better?
Year Factory

Orders
(\$ billion)
1 2,512.70
2 2,739.20
3 2,874.90
4 2,934.10
5 2,865.70
6 2,978.50
7 3,092.40
8 3,111.10
9 3,222.20
10 3,555.00
11 4,221.50
12 4,551.20
13 4,137.00

Question 3
The “Economic Report to the President of the United States” included data on the amounts of manufacturers’ new and unﬁlled orders in millions of dollars. Shown here are the ﬁgures for new orders over a 21-year period.
Use the Charting tool in Excel to develop a regression model to ﬁt the trend effects for these data. Use a linear model and then try a polynomial (order 2) model. Make sure the charts show the line formula and the r-squared value. Include both charts in your report. Then answer the following question:
• How well does either model ﬁt the data? Which model should be used for forecasting? Explain using the relevant metrics.
Year Total Number of New Orders
1 55,022
2 55,921
3 64,182
4 76,003
5 87,327
6 85,139
7 99,513
8 115,109
9 116,251
10 121,547
11 123,321
12 141,200
13 162,140
14 168,420
15 171,250
16 176,355
17 195,204
18 209,389
19 237,025
20 272,544
21 293,475

Content
Points
Possible
Question 1
Question 1
Provided the MSE.
Question 2a
Correct forecast for year 13 using a 5-year moving average.
Question 2b
Correct forecast for year 13 using a 5-year weighted moving average.
Question 2c
Correct MAD for moving average forecast.
Question 2d
Correct MAD for weighted moving average forecast.
Recommended the better model with justification.
Question 3
Used Excel Charting to fit a linear trendline, including the formula and r-squared.
Question 3
Used Excel Charting to fit a polynomial trendline, including the formula and r-squared.
Question 3
Recommended the better model with justification.