LDR 531 Week 4 Quiz

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*************************************LDR 531 Week 4
Quiz


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WEEK 4 QUIZ

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·        
1

Gerard Yoder believes that every time he
picks up his daughter, Penny, from school, it brings him good luck. The last
time he picked her up from school, he won a lottery ticket. Today, after he
received her from school, he reached his office and found out that he has been
promoted. Which of the following concepts best describes Yoder’s belief?

o   

Illusory correlation

o   

Positive bias

o   

Bandwagon effect

o   

Affect intensity

·        
2

Tiffany Crowe works as a showroom
executive at a clothing boutique in London. Today, she is in a positive mood
and instantly greets and smiles at a customer who walks into the store. The
customer feels welcomed by her response. While browsing the store, Crowe helps
the customer with products and passes on her positive mood to the customer. The
customer leaves the store feeling content with a smile on her face. Which of
the following best describes this situation?

o   

Emotional contagion

o   

Framing effect

o   

Halo effect

o   

Positivity offset

·        
3

Employees with positive core
self-evaluations believe in their inner worth and basic competence, and are
more satisfied with their jobs than those with negative core self-evaluations.
The concept of positive core self-evaluations indicates that

o   

personality plays a role in job
satisfaction

o   

pay always has a direct correlation with
job satisfaction 

o   

promotions and growth opportunities
influence job satisfaction

o   

job conditions have a direct influence on
job satisfaction

·        
4

Self-determination theory proposes that in
addition to being driven by a need for autonomy, people seek ways to achieve

o   

high rewards

o   

recognition and status

o   

competence and positive connections

o   

power and control

·        
5

Why is Maslow’s theory criticized?

o   

There is little evidence that needs are
structured or operate in the way it describes.

o   

Its terminology tends to alienate those to
whom it is applied.

o   

The concept of self-actualization was
unfounded.

o   

Its terminology tends to alienate those to
whom it is applied.

·        
6

Which of the following is an example of
deviant workplace behavior?

o   

Taking blame for not achieving a
deadline

o   

Sabotaging one’s organization’s computers

o   

Requesting a two-day leave during
Christmas

o   

Disagreeing with others in a
problem-solving meeting

·        
7

The church you go to every Sunday is made
up of people who have very different lifestyles and are at different stages in
their life. Joanna is a 23-year-old, single parent who works for minimum wage
and shifts from motel to motel for accommodation. Josephine is a single,
45-year-old woman who earns a decent salary and has few interests and friends
outside her office. Jonathan is 60 years old, extremely wealthy, has a loving
family, and enjoys his work. You have decided to apply Maslow’s hierarchy of
needs to determine what motivates each of these individuals.

 

Which of the following needs would most
likely motivate Joanna?

o   

Safety

o   

Social

o   

Physiological

o   

Esteem

·        
8

Susan Daniels works for an event
management company and is discontent with her job because she was passed over
for a promotion. She has now composed a list of concerns and plans to discuss
the issue with her supervisor. Daniels’ response to the problem is referred to
as

o   

loyalty

o   

voice

o   

neglect

o   

acceptance

·        
9

Charles, Anna, Elle, and Adam are college
friends and work in New York City. Comfortable living in New York occurs at
about $40,000 a year. Charles makes $24,000 a year, Anna makes $30,000 a year,
Elle makes $50,000 a year, and Adam makes $75,000 a year. Which of the
following is most likely to be true with reference to correlation between pay
and job satisfaction?

o   

Charles is more satisfied with his job in
comparison with Anna.

o   

Anna is more satisfied with the job than
Adam.

o   

Elle and Adam are most likely to have a
similar level of job satisfaction.

o   

Charles and Anna have the same levels of
job satisfaction in relation to their pay.

·        
10

Which of the following does cognitive
dissonance indicate between two or more attitudes or between behavior and
attitudes?

o   

Consistency

o   

Incompatibility

o   

Consistency

o   

Tenacity

·        
11

Which of the following statements is true
regarding negotiation?

o   

Individuals who do poorly in a negotiation
develop positive perceptions of their counterpart.

o   

Feeling bad about your performance during
a negotiation tends to impair future negotiations.

o   

Displaying a negative emotion at a
negotiation can never be effective.

o   

Angry negotiators who have less power than
opponents have better outcomes.

·        
12

MBO provides individual employees with

o   

predefined targets

o   

generalized feedback

o   

personal performance objectives

o   

clear-cut growth paths

·        
13

________ are caused by a specific event,
are very brief, and accompanied by distinct facial expressions.

o   

Emotions

o   

Reactions

o   

Moods

o   

Attitudes

·        
14

If Alberta is a categorized as a Theory X
manager, which of the following behaviors is she most likely to exhibit?

o   

She will trust her employees to use their
discretion in most matters.

o   

She will strictly control all the details
of any project she is managing.

o   

She will let her employees choose their
own goals.

o   

She will delegate authority extensively
to junior managers.

·        
15

Which of the following statements is true
regarding the effects of moods and emotions on decision making?

o   

Depressed people tend to weigh all
possible options rather than the most likely ones.

o   

Moods and emotions have no direct
influence on decision making.

o   

People with positive emotions are slower
at processing information as compared to depressed people.

o   

Positive emotions tend to diminish
problem-solving skills and analytical skills.

·        
16

Emotions such as relaxation, serenity, and
calmness comprise the ________ mood dimension.

o   

low negative affect

o   

neutral affect

o   

detached affect

o   

low positive affect

·        
17

Which of the following statements is true
regarding goal-setting theory?

o   

People do better when they get feedback on
how well they are progressing toward their goals.

o   

Goal commitment is more likely when
individuals have an external locus of control.

o   

Assigned goals generate greater goal
commitment in low rather than high power-distance cultures.

o   

Externally generated feedback is more
powerful than self-generated feedback.

·        
18

________ refers to evaluative statements
or judgments concerning objects, people, or events.

o   

Behavior

o   

Demeanor

o   

Attitude

o   

Appearance

·        
19

Which of the following statements
represents the cognitive component of attitude?

o   

It is disappointing to know that I did
not get a good evaluation.

o   

This job is not giving me an opportunity
to explore my skills.

o   

I have decided to inform my supervisor
that I will be quitting my job.

o   

I intend to work during the weekend to
meet the month’s deadline.
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