BUSI 409 Final Exam Liberty University complete answers

BUSI 409 Final Exam Liberty University complete answers

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· Question 1
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Historically, many NGOs had centralized structures that were pushed out to chapters as they were established, but as growth extends into more geographically remote regions and diverse national and cultural settings, there is a trend toward                            for regional chapters or affiliates.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 2
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Which type of relationship is not a nonprofit-corporate relationship?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 3
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Economist Burton Weisbrod wrote in the Stanford Social Innovation Review that Congress should:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 4
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
In this stage of the life cycle of a social change issue, analysts and advocates look at the data and consider how the problem might be addressed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 5
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
This is a formal, written document that states the mutual understandings of the donor and the organization.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 6
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The nonprofit organization Year Up provides young people:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 7
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
A detailed, comprehensive document that encompasses elements of strategic, marketing, business, and operational plans organization is called a:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 8
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
This is an activity undertaken with the goal of eliciting charitable or philanthropic giving.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 9
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
                                 are required to expend a minimum of an amount equivalent to five percent of the value of their invested assets each year, for either grants or operating expenses.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 10
 

 
 
 
Starting in the 1980s, the U.S. federal government uses __________ that give state officials the flexibility to decide how to delegate the funds.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 11
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
This is income from payment for goods or services that the nonprofit has provided.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 12
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
These are established by the governing board, and they may identify allowable ranges for specific financial indicators or ratios, for example, liquidity, debt, or assets held in the endowment fund.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 13
 

 
 
 
Global governments are likely to see social entrepreneurships as:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 14
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Although research has indicated that nonprofits actually               lobbying as government becomes a more predominant source of their revenue, concern about alienating government foundation funders is a barrier for some.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 15
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
In June 2007, the IRS released a                           to clarify the criteria by which it would determine what is and is not illegal campaign involvement; this included 21 hypothetical examples of activity and a discussion of why each does or does not constitute a violation of the law.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 16
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Identifying individuals, foundations, and corporations who are prospects of giving is a task often performed by professionals engaged in
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 17
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The trend is for global nonprofit organizations to _______ policies and operations.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 18
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Researchers have found that performance-based contracts have increased the power of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 19
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
In this process, all programs and departments start at zero at the beginning of each year’s budget process and need to justify their budgets from the ground up.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 20
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The principal of how an asset’s value declines over time is called:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 21
 

 
 
 
Two terms used to describe long-term and broad-based fundraising are:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 22
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
According to Carney and Ross, which country has achieved some of the largest mass participation fundraising events?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 23
6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Most business plans begin with a(an)                                that gives a thorough but succinct overview of the major points made in the following sections of the plan.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 24
 

 
 
 
Explain the benefits to the nonprofit of a cause-marketing relationship.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
· Question 25
 

 
 
 
Diagram a model for managing a global nongovernmental organization.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Question 1 The board of directors of a nonprofit organization are studying the political platforms of state legislators to identify politicians who may favor the nonprofit’s mission. The board is applying which best practice of program advocacy?

Question 2 The Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act, signed by President Obama in 2009, created:

Question 3 Who describes social entrepreneurs as “restless people seeking to deal with problems …”?

Question 4 A grant is an award of money that may be paid ______________.

Question 5 ties the nonprofit’s income directly to the number or amount of total sales made by the corporate partner and thus represents a true partnership in which the interests of both partners are aligned.

Question 6 Which law established Option I and Option II for the substantial part test?

Question 7 Most business plans begin with a(an) that gives a thorough but succinct overview of the major points made in the following sections of the plan.

Question 8 The National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities were created during the:

Question 9 A nonprofit CEO is comparing the amount of money her organization uses to raise funds and the cost of overhead. The CEO is using a(an) __________ to assess organizational performance.

Question 10 The Urban Institute recommends that government and nonprofit organizations collaborate to simplify the grant process by:

Question 11 may not endorse or oppose legislation in communications with legislators or the general public if the communication includes a call to action.

Question 12 The executive director of the Global Good Fund argues that reliance on earned income makes an organization:

Question 13 Researchers have found that performance-based contracts have increased the power of:

Question 14 Those who embrace the school believe that social entrepreneurs play a role in society similar to that of the business entrepreneur in the economy. In their view, the social entrepreneur is an innovator; a change agent; someone who identifies an opportunity, undertakes direct action to pursue it, and produces change that improves the condition of people and society.

Question 15 According to your textbook author, a common reason that nonprofits do not engage in lobbying is:

Question 16 A business-supply company made a gift to a location nonprofit organization of free office supplies for one year. This type of gift is referred to as:

Question 17 Approaching a legislator with is not only important to persuasion but may indeed be providing a real service to the legislator, whose time and staff may not be sufficient to undertake the depth of research that an interested nonprofit may offer.

Question 18 Notices of funding availability are published in the:

Question 19 Although research has indicated that nonprofits actually lobbying as government becomes a more predominant source of their revenue, concern about alienating government foundation funders is a barrier for some.

Question 20 Manny gave a nonprofit organization a $10,000 gift to be used to cover the implementation cost of a new program. This is an example of a(an):

Question 21 The process by which companies and organizations adhering to old ways decline and disappear, while new companies and industries grow to replace them, is called:

Question 22 Grant seeking is a more specific activity than:

Question 23 The French verb “entreprendre” means:

Question 24 Distinguish the differences between operating reserves, quasi endowment funds, and permanently restricted endowment funds.

Question 25 Explain the role that collaboration can play when writing a grant proposal and discuss the benefits of collaboration to the nonprofit.

 

Question 1 Variables that define eligibility for grant funding include which of the following?

Question 2 This type of organization has some programs in other countries, but it is governed within and maintains a focus on its home country.

Question 3 Often equivalent to 6 months or 1 year of the operating budget,____________________ are generally invested in very secure, short­term instruments such as bank certificates of deposit or money market funds.

Question 4 To lobby effectively, a nonprofit organization needs to understand how __________________ is (are) considered at the local, state, or national level­wherever its lobbying efforts will be focused.

Question 5 Identifying individuals, foundations, and corporations who are prospects of giving is a task often performed by professionals engaged in

Question 6 Some INGOs grew by opening offices or branches in other countries­that is, they ______________ ­while others are federations or alliances of nationally based nonprofits that have banded together to pursue a common mission or cause.

Question 7 In preparing to apply for a grant, some nonprofits ________________________

Question 8 With _____________________, funds given by donors specify that the principal be retained and be invested in perpetuity, and the board has limited or no flexibility in using these funds.

Question 9 In Crutchfield and Grant's list of exemplary organizations, all have created committed _______________ on their behalf.

Question 10 A nonprofit organization may spend only one fourth as much on grassroots lobbying as on direct lobbying, and there is an overall cap of

Question 11 This type of organization is one that has activities throughout the world and that probably has a governance structure that places decision making in the hands of individuals from multiple countries.

Question 12 The _________________ shows how every category of expense is allocated by a nonprofit.

Question 13 Although it did not pass into law, the ______________________ would have restricted lobbying by nonprofits that receive federal funds, even with regard to their use of nonfederal funds.

Question 14 The goal of the _______________________ is to provide enough payout each year to meet the needs of current programs, while also allowing the value of the endowment principal to grow to keep pace with inflation and provide more income to sustain programs in future years.

Question 15 A grant is an award of money that may be paid ______________

Question 16 Smaller nonprofits advocating for themselves should ________________

Question 17 According to Figure 17.1, political change is an example of

Question 18 A(n) ________________________ is someone who creates value by improving efficiency and effectiveness in the use of society's limited resources. This can also be described as someone who identifies an opportunity; creates a venture to pursue it; and ultimately upsets the status quo and makes previous products, services, and approaches obsolete

Question 19 The _________________ is a classic depiction of how individuals are believed to develop their giving relationship with an organization.

Question 20 In this stage of the life cycle of a social change issue, analysts and advocates look at the data and consider how the problem might be addressed.

Question 21 _______________________ includes any communication the organization has "with legislators or government officials who participate in the formulation of legislation or with its own members with regard to specific legislation and that expresses a view on it."

Question 22 According to Dunlop, these are gifts that individual donors make to meet some non­recurring need of the organization.

Question 23 Becoming primarily or exclusively a government contractor can lead to _______

Question 24 What impact did the Supreme Court's decision in the case of Citizens United v. FEC have on nonprofits exempt under Section 501(c)(4), 501(c)(5), and 501(c)(6)?

Question 25 What types of obstacles do fund­raising and philanthropy face in many nations?

 

·         Question 1

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
One fundamental principle of                                requires that duties of individuals be separated so that no one person handles an entire transaction from beginning to end.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 2

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Assessing                           requires evaluating whether the organization is financially strong or in jeopardy and looking at the liabilities as well as the revenue and expenses shown on the statement of activities.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 3

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
In Japan there has been no historical tradition of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 4

 

 
 
 
How do nonprofit organizations measure their success?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 5

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Critics of earned income do not always acknowledge that                       of nonprofit business ventures providing human and social services are “directly or closely related to their missions.”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 6

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
A centralized resource that provides access to over 1,000 federal grant programs is:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 7

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Careful business plans will include a(an)                                      that shows how projected results will vary if the assumptions are wrong by some percentage.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 8

 

 
 
 
Economist Burton Weisbrod wrote in the Stanford Social Innovation Review that Congress should:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 9

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The                                     has greatly increased the ability of NGOs to reach potential donors on a global basis at minimal cost.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 10

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The Lilly Family School of Philanthropy gave _______ to international programs and purposes in 2013.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 11

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
According to your textbook author, a common reason that nonprofits do not engage in lobbying is:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 12

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
A grant is an award of money that may be paid ______________.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 13

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
An important tool in planning and managing a campaign is the                          ,
which reflects the proportional giving necessary to achieve the campaign’s overall goal, starting with a lead gift that is at least 10 percent of the goal, and then doubling the number of gifts needed at each successively lower dollar level.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 14

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Among the most powerful forces for change has been                  . It has driven international economic competition in a “flat” world, in which national borders prevent no barrier to entry into the mainstream of business life.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 15

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
These types of policies limit or place boundaries on the actions that may be taken under certain circumstances.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 16

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
The “scientific charity” movement emerged during the:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 17

6out of 6 points

 
 
 
According to Thomas which three cultural characteristics are uniquely important to understand when managing cross-cultures?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 18

 

 
 
 
Paul Light criticizes social entrepreneurships:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 19

 

 
 
 
 
Witesman and Fernandez write that government officials:
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 20

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Although research has indicated that nonprofits actually               lobbying as government becomes a more predominant source of their revenue, concern about alienating government foundation funders is a barrier for some.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 21

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
These are organizations that promote a cause or issue on a multinational basis.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 22

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
This is giving according to a plan that relates the corporation’s philanthropy to its overall strategic and business goals.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 23

6 out of 6 points

 
 
 
Organizations that employ professional lobbyists and spend more than $12,500 on lobbying at the federal level must meet the requirements of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 24

Needs Grading

 
 
 
Explain Wei-Skillern, Augstin, Leonard, and Stevenson’s model of entrepreneurship.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 25

Needs Grading

 
 
 
Compare and contrast statements of financial position, statements of activities, statements of cash flows, and statements of functional expenses.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

1. The end of                          removed political barriers to economic interaction and to nonprofit organizations, which had often been viewed as threats by repressive governments.

2. The establishment of                         areas and organizations in the 1990s, including the World Trade Organization (WTO), the European Union (EU), and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), led to greater economic integration across national boundaries.

3. Among the most powerful forces for change has been               . It has driven international economic competition in a “flat” world, in which national borders prevent no barrier to entry into the mainstream of business life.

4. Although the term has different meanings in different parts of the world, what we call a nonprofit in the United States is elsewhere most commonly referred to as a:

5. There is no concept quite like the U.S. “nonprofit sector” in most parts of the world. In the international context, some scholars refer to the collection of organizations that reside between government and the private sector as the:

6. The best-known NGOs are the                       , whose activities are not confined to a single country.

7. Most American national nonprofits are:

8. This type of organization has some programs in other countries, but it is governed within and maintains a focus on its home country.

9. This type of organization is one that has activities throughout the world and that probably has a governance structure that places decision-making in the hands of individuals from multiple countries.

10. According to the Johns Hopkins project research, the largest numbers of NGOs provide:

11. These are organizations that promote a cause or issue on a multinational basis.

12. These are organizations whose primary purpose is to design and implement economic development projects.

13. These include specific targets for the reduction of poverty, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women to be achieved by 2015.

14. Payments made by recent immigrants to the United States who send funds directly to their home countries to support either families or projects are called:

15. The largest U.S. foundation,                         , is primarily concerned with global health and global economic development.

16. Global fundraising requires a presence of:

17. In Japan there has been no historical tradition of:

18. The                        has greatly increased the ability of NGOs to reach potential donors on a global basis at minimal cost.

19. According to Thomas, what is the most uniquely important national and regional difference that NGO managers must accommodate?

20. Historically, many NGOs had centralized structures that were pushed out to chapters as they were established, but as growth extends into more geographically remote regions and diverse national and cultural settings, there is a trend toward                        for regional chapters or affiliates.

21. According to Koenig, the larger an organization’s international presence is, the more                              it should be in looking at options for its operations.

22. The Lilly Family School of Philanthropy gave _______ to international programs and purposes in 2013.

23. Some organizations headquartered abroad establish U.S.-based nonprofits called __________ in order to qualify to receive deductible gifts from U.S. citizens.

24. Until recently, China required fundraising organizations to:

25. In 2013, Russia passed:

26. GlobalGiving is a:

27. According to Carney and Ross, which country has achieved some of the largest mass participation fundraising events?

28. According to Thomas which three cultural characteristics are uniquely important to understand when managing cross-cultures?

29. The International Classification of Nonprofit Organizations global index was developed by:

30. The trend is for global nonprofit organizations to _______ policies and operations.

31. The U.S. nonprofit sector is the largest nonprofit sector in the world.

32. The term most used to define nonprofit organizations in other parts of the world is “nongovernmental organization” or NGO.

33. CARE International is an example of an international nongovernmental organization.

34. An international organization is governed within and maintains a focus on its home country.

35. A global organization may have a governance structure that places decision-making in the hands of multiple countries.

36. International philanthropy allows for many tax incentives for charitable giving.

37. A common obstacle to international fundraising includes the cultural differences regarding organized fundraising.

38. International governance models often include the provision of a representative from each region served by the organization.

39. One of the disadvantages to open elections in international governance is that it limits the size of the board.

40. One of the challenges with national structures on the international level is the relationship between national offices and chapters.

 

Organized fund-raising and philanthropy on a massive scale is still primarily which country's phenomenon?

What is the largest portion of giving by individuals directed to?

This is an activity undertaken with the goal of eliciting charitable or philanthropic giving.

This is the idea that companies make gifts that might not have a direct or immediate benefit to the bottom line, but that would generally help maintain a healthy society in which to do business.

This is giving according to a plan that relates the corporation's philanthropy to its overall strategic and business goals.

These are required to expend a minimum of an amount equivalent to 5 percent of the value of their invested assets each year, either for grants or operating expenses.

This encompasses the rules by which financial transactions are classified and reported.

This concept usually involves the analysis of various financial ratios that may provide indicators of trends and the organization's financial health.

Often equivalent to 6 months or 1 year of the operating budget, (THESE) are generally invested in very secure, short-term instruments such as bank certificates of deposit or money market funds.

With (WHAT), funds given by donors specify that the principal be retained and be invested in perpetuity, and the board has limited or no flexibility in using these funds.

takes into account the money that a nonprofit has earned and is entitled to receive, as well as obligations for expenditures that it has not yet incurred

provides a snapshot of the organization at a point in time, usually the end of a fiscal year

can be compared to a video that shows the flow of revenues and expenses of an organization, and the resulting changes in net assets over a period of time, generally a fiscal year

shows how every category of expense is allocated by a nonprofit

the principal of how an asset's value declines over time

been at the forefront of every important social change in the United States from the beginning of the nation

in this stage of the life cycle of social change issue, analysts and advocates look at the data and consider how the problem might be addressed

Although research has indicated that nonprofits actually _____________ lobbying as government becomes a more predominant source of their revenue, concern about alienating governement foundation funders is a barrier for some

this includes action taken in support of a cause or an idea, and it may include, for example, providing education, disturbing information, or holding events to dramatize an issue or the effects of a problem on people or a community

this is an action taken to support or oppose specific legislation at the national, state, or local level, and it could include, for example, contacting a member of Congress, a state legislator, or a city councilperson to request his or her sponsorship or vote in favor of or against a specific bill

includes any communication the organization has "with legislators or government officials who participate in formulation of legislation or with its own members with regard to specific legislation and that expressed a view on it"

if an organization takes out an ad in the newspaper or hands out flyers on the corner urging members of the general public to do the same

a nonprofit organization may spend only one fourth as much on grassroots lobbying as on direct lobbying, and there is an overall cap of ____________________?

this is what charitable nonprofits must report their lobbying expenses on

organizations that employ professional lobbyists and spend more than $24,500 on lobbying at the federal level must meet the requirements of this

the end of this war removed political barriers to economic interaction and to nonprofit organizations, which had often been viewed as threats by repressive governments

the establishment of these areas and organizations in the 1990s, including the World Trade Organization, the European Union, and the North American Free Trade Agreement, led to greater economic integration across national boundaries

among the most powerful forces for change

although the term has different meanings in different parts of the world, what we call a nonprofit in the United States is elsewhere most commonly know as this

in the international context, this is what some scholars refer to the collection of organizations that reside between government and the private sector

the best known NGOs; organizations who activities are not confined to a single country

Some INGOs grew by opening offices or branches in other countries- that is, they__________-while others are federations or alliances of nationally based nonprofits that have banded together to pursue a common mission or cause

this type of organization has some programs in other countries, but it is governed within and maintains a focus on its home country

this type of organization is one that has activities throughout the world and that probably has a governance structure that places decision making in the hands of individuals from multiple countries

According to the John Hopkins project research, the largest number of NGOs provide what?

 

the transmission or exchange of information

an organization should proceed with writing a government grant proposal when

this includes action taken in support of a cause or an idea, and it may include, for example, providing education, distributing information, or holding events to dramatize an issue or the effects of a problem on people or community

building a positive and consistent brand image requires that an organization integrate its marketing and communication efforts so that all communication from that organization represents the organization as a whole

describes the expectations that you have about what you will receive when you buy a specific product or service

in the health and human services sectors to be successful in fulfilling their mission, when is outreach most needed

this is giving according to a plan that relates the corporation's philanthropy to its overall strategic and business goals

includes any communication the organization has "with legislators or government officials who participate in the formulation of legislation or with its own members with regard to specific legislation and that express a view on it"

The need to keep promotion cost-effective requires focusing communication on segments of the public most likely to respond—that is

An important tool in planning and managing a campaign is the , which reflects the proportional giving necessary to achieve the campaign's overall goal, starting with a lead gift that is at least 10 percent of the goal, and then doubling the number of gifts needed at each successively lower dollar level

a guide to every action taken by the organization and is the principal standard against which its performance should be measured.

What are specific, quantified targets that represent steps toward accomplishing goals?

The detailed work of producing an operational plan generally needs to be done primarily by

This is a technique used by business firms to determine it their various programs, products, and services are in line with their strategies and goals.

Another name for the motivation factor that Herzberg named "hygiene factors" is

In planning for a volunteer program, nonprofits should assess the need for volunteers and develop volunteer

This theory, reflected in management practices in most organizations, is based on the assumption that workers are lazy, resistant to change, and not concerned with the organization's needs.

With _____________________, funds given by donors specify that the principal be retained and be invested in perpetuity, and the board has limited or no flexibility in using these funds.

The _________________ shows how every category of expense is allocated by a nonprofit.

This term considers whether the organization had an operating surplus, broke even, or operated at a loss.

_________________________ involve(s) privacy, confidentiality, records retention, the separation of duties, data backup, and other such concerns.

This encompasses the rules by which financial transactions are classified and reported.

Accounting on a(n) ____________________ takes into account the money that a nonprofit has earned and is entitled to receive, as well as obligations for expenditures that it has not yet incurred

 

These types of foundations support their own programs and generally do not make grants to other organizations.

the concept that states that individuals are driven by their nature to help others and improve the human condition.

the inclination to give based on the ability to make history and affect the conditions under which people live is identified by Schervish and Havens as...

Identifying individuals, foundations, and corporations who are prospects of giving is a task often performed by professionals engaged in....

This is income from payment for goods or services that the nonprofit has provided.

This term is defined by CWB as "revenue generated through profitable or self-sustaining enterprises to promote social change."

Who supported renovation of the Statue of Liberty by offering to contribute a penny to the campaign each time a consumer used his or her credit card from this company.

This is a contract that permits a for-profit company to use the nonprofit's name or logo on its products return for a royalty payment to the nonprofit.

Defines that the company pays for the use of its name or logo in connection with the nonprofit's products or events.

Corporate sponsorships offer nonprofits the benefits of added revenue and (WHAT) through the company's promotion of the relationship.

This is an arrangement under which the company contributes either a fixed amount for each sale of a product or a specified percentage of its sales of a product to the nonprofit, usually in connection with a short-term promotion.

This tied the nonprofit's income directly to the number or amount of total sales made by the corporate partner and thus represents a true partnership in which the interests of both partners are aligned.

These are corporations that are engaged in cause marketing.

The nonprofit's principal contribution to the partnership is its name, recognition, and reputation for which the corporation is willing to pay in order to enhance its own visibility, image, and sales. Such relationships are largely an exchange of....

This refers to the methods and systems by which financial transactions are recorded, either by hand or on a computer.

The need to keep promotion cost-effective requires focusing communication on segments of the public most likely to respond—that is, on ___________________

The most credible medium of communication is __________________

Identifying individuals, foundations, and corporations who are prospects of giving is a task often performed by professionals engaged in

According to Andreasen (2006), the following are stages in the life cycle of a social change issue

methods to measure an organization's legal limit of lobbying activity

combine demographic data with knowledge about individuals' lifestyles, defined by their activities, interests, and opinions.

The current realities of government funding favor ________________

The largest portion of giving by individuals is directed to , which accounts for about 35 percent of the total each year.

Outreach and marketing use similar methods to influence clients and potential clients to participate in or use the services of the nonprofit organization. Marketing is more CONSUMER & SALES driven. Outreach is more driven by ___________

is not only important to persuasion but may indeed be providing a real service to the legislator, whose time and staff may not be sufficient to undertake the depth of research that an interested nonprofit may offer.

managers of nonprofit organizations must measure their success

stewards of their organization or servants of society

one overarching force that has driven the nonprofit management revolution of recent decades has been

giving intended to meet current individual human needs or to alleviate current human suffering

intended to encourage charitable giving and sustain the services provided by charitable organizations

a nonprofit that qualifies under 501(c)(3) cannot support candidates for public office and must limit its expenditures on

Organizations that are exempt under Section 501 (c) (4), whose purpose is to work for social change are referred to by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as

These are organizations that exist for the sole purpose of directing money to other nonprofits.

self-governing

One significant risk of resource dependency is actions taken by the nonprofit to alter its goals and activities to satisfy the contributor of funds. This is also called_________________________.

The concept that maintains that organizations in the same field become more like each other as a result of facing similar influences from their environments is ___________________________.

When individuals do not have complete information or lack the ability to understand or judge the quality of the good they seek to purchase, there is ________________.

In some cases nonprofit organizations offer very similar services to for-profit competitors. One of the advantages that for-profits have is that they have:

member-serving and advocacy organizations

a leader is someone who behaves in certain ways that cause others to see him or her as a leader

In Carver's policy governance model, he argues that the board should lead the organization by focusing its attention on establishing

a ceo exhibiting this can pose a serious challenge or even crisis for a nonporfit

a board member or officer of the organization cannot unreasonably benefit from the organization's funds

self-serpetuaring board, new members are selected by

most common type of board in public organization

internal preparation for executive transition is shared responsibility between board and

mission statement should

effective CEOs stay focused on

leaders who use a political frame are

explains leadership in terms of the innate characteristics of individuals who are leaders

inspires your clients to dream of the fulfillment of the NPO's mission

responsibility of the board

Very high ______________ may suggest that an organization is inefficient, or even participating in unethical or fraudulent behavior.

Which government entity grants nonprofits their charters?

Which assessment tool is meant to determine an organization's success in accomplishing its mission, or program effectiveness?

This concept was developed as a way for businesses to obtain a balanced perspective on performance by combining financial data with other considerations.

This concept adds social return to financial return in order to generate a single dollar amount that could be used as an indicator of the organization's performance and value.

One of Kearns's three approaches to formulating strategy for an organization, this approach maintains that strategy evolves out of experience as the organization goes along, one decision at a time, buffeted by bargaining and the push-and-pull of its constituencies.

_______________________ define areas in which the organization needs to take action.
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