Expert Paper - We have studied that it is

Expert Paper - We have studied that it is

We have studied that it is often inadequate to “blackbox” states and regard them as unitary when we examine international negotiations, and the talks on Iran’s nuclear capability should be no exception. How is the “two-level game” framework useful in explaining the framework agreement reached in 2015? In other words, how did the negotiators in participating countries (let us focus on US and Iran here) take domestic constraints into consideration vis-a-vis their foreign counterparts, and how did they possibly pursue other domestic goals (if any) with the international agreement. On May 20, 2017, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was re-elected for a second term (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., in a landslide victory against his conservative rival Ebrahim Raisi. This result came partly from the popular support for the (Links to an external site.) Links to an external site. agreement to limit Iran’s nuclear program for 15 years (Links to an external site.) Links to an external site. in return for ending nuclear-related sanctions imposed on Iran by the international community, which was reached in July, 2015.The negotiations, which had lasted for two negotiations to arrive at this deal, involved not only state leaders and diplomats, but also various actors in their respective domestic arenas. In the US, the Republicans in Congress were critical of Obama Administration’s negotiating stance, sent Iran an open letter (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to warn that any agreement could be reversed by Congressional opposition, and invited Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to speak at a joint meeting of Congress to denounce the ongoing negotiations. Although Iran is not a liberal democratic country, the Iranian negotiators feared that a too detailed deal would anger domestic hard-liners (Links to an external site.) Links to an external site. such as the Revolutionary Guard and made this clear to their counterparts. On the other hand, President Rouhani and his foreign policy have been supported by grassroots reform-minded activists (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., and reaching a deal was expected to have significant social and economic impacts (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., although the recovery so far has not been felt by ordinary Iranians to be fast enough, as an Associated Press report (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. points out. How, then, does the two-level game framework proposed by Putnam (1988) illuminate the negotiation process of the nuclear deal and interaction between international and domestic politics?
Show your understanding of the question in the prompt and answer it adequately (don’t deflect your argument from the question!!)○Show your understanding of all the references pointed to in the prompt○ Clearly state a thesis statement in your introduction, which is followed by a coherent argument. Be well structured, with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion○ Show your understanding of the theories covered in the course (in lectures, as well as in assigned readings) and use them effectively to support your argument○ Provide factual evidence from proper sources to support your argument with proper citations○ Cite your sources in the text of the paper and do additional research when necessary to enhance your analysis or support your argument○ Be properly formatted, stick to the page limit, and submitted on time. The paper will be graded according to four criteria:  

For this assignment, write a paper that examines the facets of the problem you are covering in this course with a short discussion of the points of view taken by scholars in the field. Explore the nuances of the problem, and then list the questions that you believe must be answered to fully explore issues within the problem. 

Length: 3-5 pages, not including title and reference pages.
References: Minimum of three to five scholarly resources.
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