NR505-Research Summary Table Providing Shelter to the Homeless.DOCX

NR505-Research Summary Table Providing Shelter to the Homeless

Research Summary Table: Providing Shelter to the Homeless

Chamberlain College of Nursing

NR505: Advance Research Methods: Evidence-Based Practice

January, 2015

 

Research Summary Table: Providing Shelter to the Homeless

Author, Year of Publication

 
Purpose
Sample
Design
 

 

Level of Evidence
Findings
Limitations
Cheung & Hwang (2009)
To how that the homeless population is at higher risk for illness and has a higher death rate than those of the general population.
Convenience sample of 1981 homeless individuals in Toronto.
Cohort study of homeless individuals in Toronto and their morbidity and mortality rates.
 

 

VI: evidence from a single cohort study
In Toronto, mortality rates were 515 per 100,000 aging 18-44 and 438 per 100,000 aging 45-64. This numbers are 10 times greater than those of the general population.
This study was limited due to the fact that the sample population was gathered from those who use meal plans. Need for a longer follow up period may have also increased mortality.
Gambatese et al. (2013)
To identify emerging trends in the health of the homeless.
Surveillance of the 3262 homeless individuals who live in the NYC public areas.
Cohort study of the homeless population and their mortality. Making evidence based changes to existing health initiatives.
VI: evidence from a single cohort study
13 homeless individuals (unsheltered) died of hypothermia, aged mostly 45-65 (85%) and male (85%). No deaths in the sheltered homeless population.
This study was limited to the NYC population. Further studies in different climates should be compared. Lack of a controlled group of individuals could have altered the study.
Watson et al. (2014)
To show the significant improvements made in the chronically homeless and their health through housing programs.
Convenience sample of 10 housing providers in the Chicago and Indiana areas.
Convergent parallel study of four housing organizations and their impact on the homeless over 16 months.
VI: evidence from a convergent parallel study
This study has shown positive changes in two of the participating programs so far. 77% of the respondents where interested in experiencing these new changes in housing to help the homeless.
This study was limited to 10 housing providers in two areas. Need for further follow up to see the long term success of the program.
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