# STAT 200 QZ 2

1.
(3
points) Of the Statistics graduates of a University 40%, received a starting
salary of \$45,000.00. If 5 of them are randomly selected, find the probability

2.
(3
points) A Physics test consists of 40 true/false questions. Find that how many

3.
(3
points) Most of us love Philippine mangoes, but hate buying those that are
picked too early. Unfortunately, by waiting until the mangos are almost ripe to
pick carries a risk of having 15% of the picked rot upon arrival at the packing
facility. If the packing process is all done by machines without human
inspection to pick out any rotten mangos, what would be the probability of
having at most 2 rotten mangos packed in a box of 12?

4.
(3)
Average person who drives car in United States drives 12, 400 which is 50% more
than an average driver in Europe. We assume that the number of yearly miles by
U.S. drivers is approximately a normal random variable of standard deviation of
3800 miles. Calculate percent of drivers who traveled between 10,000 to 15,000
miles in a year.

5.
(3
points) A soda company want to stimulate sales in this economic climate by
giving customers a chance to win a small prize for ever bottle of soda they
buy. There is a 20% chance that a customer will find a picture of a dancing
banana at the bottom of the cap upon opening up a bottle of soda. The customer
can then redeem that bottle cap with this picture for a small prize. Now, if I
buy a 6-pack of soda, what is the probability that I will win something, i.e.,
at least win a single small prize?

6.
(2
points) At men’s clothing store, 14 males bought green sweaters, 8 purchased
blue golf sweaters, 5 bought white sweaters and 9 decided to by grayish-yellow
sweaters. If a customer is selected at random, calculate the probability that
he bought:

(a)
Green
sweater

(b)
blue sweater or white

(c) blue or gray or white

(d)
A sweater which was not gray.

Important:
following Problems (Problem #7 and Problem #8), and these two Problems only.
Most probably, you have to use technology or you may have to spend hours, to
carry out the necessary calculations by hand. Nonetheless, you should clearly
delineate and explain your logic and reasoning on how to tackle these two
problems.

7. (6 points) The Undesirable Air
Lines (UAL???) is notorious for its cost-cutting substandard customer service. Consequently,
only 85% of the ticket holders will show up for a flight. The Air Lines
workhorse, the Boring 878, has 234 seats. UAL, of course, will make extra money
by overbooking. However, they have to worry about the FAA fines, and they have
to keep a safety margin, say, that there is at least 95% probability that they
can accommodate all those who show up for the Boring 878 flight. How many seats
can they actually sell in this case?

8. (7 points) It is an open
secret that airlines overbook flights, but I have just learned recently that
bookstores underbook
(I
might have invented this new term.) textbooks..........

To make a long story short, our
UMUC designated virtual bookstore, MBS Direct, routinely, as a matter of
business practice, orders less textbooks than the amount requested by UMUC's
Registrar's Office. That is what I have figured out....... Simply put, MBS
Direct has to "eat" the books if they are not sold. Do you want to
eat the books? You may want to cook the books before you eat them! Oops, I hope
there is no account major in this class?

OK, let us cut to the chase.....
MBS Direct believes that only 85% of our registered students will stay
registered in a class long enough to purchase the required textbook. Let's pick
on our STAT 200 students. According to the Registrar's Office, we have 600
students enrolled in STAT 200 this spring 2014.

Suppose you are the CEO of MBS
Direct, and you want to perform a probability analysis. What would be the
number of STAT 200 textbook bundles you would order so that you stay below 5%
probability of having to back-order from Pearson Custom Publishing? (Note: Our Provost would be
very angry when she hears that textbook bundles have to be back-ordered.
In any case, by
next fall, we will no longer need the service of MBS Direct as we are moving
100% to free eResources. Auf Wiedersehen, MBS Direct......)