Financial Management: 20-3 Two companies, Energen and Hastings Corporation

Financial Management
20-3
Two companies, Energen and Hastings Corporation, began operations with identical balance sheets. A year later, both required additional manufacturing capacity at a cost of $50,000.
Energen obtained a 5-year, $50,000 loan at an 8% interest rate from its bank. Hastings, on the other hand, decided to lease the required $50,000 capacity for 5 years, and an 8% return was built into the lease.
The balance sheet for each company, before the asset increases, follows:
Debt $50,000
Equity $100,000
Total Assets $150,000 Total claims $150,000

a. Show the balance sheets for both firms after the asset increases and calculate each firm’s new debt ratio. (Assume that the lease is not capitalized.)
b. Show how Hastings’s balance sheet would look immediately after the financing if it capitalized the lease.
c. Would the rate of return (1) on assets and (2) on equity be affected by the choice of financing? How?
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