SCI220 Week 5 WileyPLUS® Week 5 Quiz

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SCI220 Week 5 WileyPLUS® Week 5 Quiz


Question 1











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following is a role of the placenta in
embryonic development?











It allows the
passage of nutrients from the mother to the fetus.



 






It allows the
passage of waste from the fetus to the mother.



 






It allows the
passage of oxygen from the mother to the fetus.



 






All of the
choices are roles of the placenta.











 




Question 2











Your answer is
correct.



Which nutrient’s needs are increased the most during
pregnancy?











Protein



 






Fiber



 






Water



 






Carbohydrate











 

Question
3

A baby is affected by gestational diabetes in the following ways
EXCEPT:







 

Question 4












Your answer is
correct.




The early embryo (before 5 weeks of age)
gets nourished by













absorbing nutrients
for the bloodstream of the mother (the bloodstream of the embryo mixes with
the bloodstream of the mother).




 







breaking down the
lining of the uterus.




 







transferring of
nutrients from the placenta.




 







none of these.




Question
5

Based on the information presented in this visual, why is a folate
deficiency most critical during the embryonic period?















A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because
vitamin B12 tends to
be low during this time.








 







A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because
iron stores in the mother have been depleted.








 







A folate deficiency is most critical due to the rapid cell
division occurring during this period.








 







None of these are correct reasons.





 


 

Question 6











 



Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and
arachidonic acid (ARA) are added as supplements to fortify infant formulas.
These fatty acids are added because of which potential benefits?
 







Teeth and skull
development



 






Brain and retina
development



 






Blood cell and
immune system development



 






Heart and cartilage
development



















 






Question 7











 



Which of the following can be found in
breast milk but not infant formula?
 







Vitamin D



 






Calcium



 






Antibodies



 






Iron











 




Question 8











Your answer is
correct.



The recommended distribution range of fat intake is
_____ for 1- to 3-year-olds than for adults.











the same



 






lower



 






higher



 






dependent upon
whether the child was breastfed or not











 




Question 9











Your answer is
correct.



Candice is trying to eat healthier. Which substitution
would be an example of a healthier decision?











Baked potato
rather than French fries



 






Nachos with
cheese sauce rather than nachos with bean dip



 






Meatball sub
rather than a turkey sub



 






Glazed doughnut
rather than an English muffin with jam











 




Question 10











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following statements is correct?











At the end of
puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and greater amount of
body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state



 






At the end of
puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and greater amount of
body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state



 






At the end of
puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and lower amount of body
fat compared to their pre-pubescent state



 






At the end of
puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and a lower amount of
body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state











 




Question 11











Your answer is
correct.



Children’s energy and protein requirements __________
as they age.











Decrease



 






Remain the same



 






Increase



 






Vary depending on
the child











 




Question 12











Your answer is
correct.



Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in
protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.











higher



 






lower



 






similar











 




Question 13











Your answer is
correct.



Which is the primary cause of food-borne illness?











Mercury



 






Microbes



 






Lead



 






Prions











 




Question 14











Your answer is
correct.



Why are nitrites allowed in some foods even though they
may form carcinogenic nitrosamines in the digestive tract?











Because they
taste good.



 






Because they
prevent botulism.



 






Because they
improve the nutritional quality of the food.



 






Because they
improve the food’s texture.











 

Question 15












Your answer is
correct.




Pregnant woman need to eat high quality
protein like fish; however, they:













should limit fish
consumption of certain fish such as cod and salmon due to the increased risk
of mercury contamination




 







should limit fish consumption
of certain fish such as swordfish, shark, and tile fish due to the increased
risk of mercury contamination




 







should limit all
fish consumption because of the risk of mercury contamination in certain
species of fish




 







do not need to
limit their fish consumption

 


 

Question 16











Your answer is
correct.



Because _____ can be contaminated with botulism spores,
it should never be fed to infants under 1 year of age.











cow’s milk



 






eggs



 






honey



 






strawberries



















 

Question 17












Your answer is
correct.




The groundwater has been contaminated by
an industrial pollutant. Which of the following animals will have the greatest
concentrations of the pollutants?













Large fish




 







Microscopic animals




 







Small marine
animals




 







Water plants




Question 18












Your answer is
correct.




All of the following are correct about
food insecurity EXCEPT













it is characterized
by a widespread lack of food often due to a disaster.




 







it can result in
protein-energy malnutrition.




 







it occurs when food
is not distributed equitably.




 







it can lead to
individual nutrient deficiencies.

 


 

Question 19











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following is true of under-nutrition?











Nutrient
deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood
only



 






Nutrient
deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood
only



 






Nutrient
deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood
and adulthood



 






Nutrient
deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood
and adulthood



















 




Question 20











Your answer is
correct.



In some cultures, the amount of food available to
certain individuals is based on











age and gender.



 






birth order and
genetic endowments.



 






educational level
and control of income.



 






Each of these
could contribute to the amount of food available to family members.











 




Question 21











Your answer is
correct.



All of the following are advantages of organic farming
as compared to conventional farming EXCEPT:











fewer pollutants
are released into the environment.



 






higher crop
yields.



 






increased
biological diversity of crops.



 






reduced use of
agricultural chemicals.











 




Question 22











Your answer is
correct.



Golden rice is a genetically modified variety of rice
developed to provide _______ to populations in which this deficiency is
prevalent.











calcium



 






iodine



 






iron



 






vitamin A









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