PHL 320 Week 5 Knowledge Check

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PHL 320 Week 5 Knowledge Check

Week 5 Knowledge Check

The material presented
below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the
content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and
skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help
you master the material.

Personalized Study Guide Results 

Score
9 / 9






Concepts


Mastery


Questions





Major
perspectives in moral reasoning


100%


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Ethical
systems and business ethics


100%


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




The ethics
environment, ethical decision making, and courage


100%


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Concept: Major perspectives in moral reasoning




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Materials on the
concept


  • Consequentialism

  • Major Perspectives In Moral
    Reasoning

  • Virtue Ethics

  • Moral Relativism





1.

Identify a form of consequentialism according
to which an act is considered the morally right thing to do if it results in
more happiness than other alternative acts would.

·        
A.

Deontologism

·        
B.

Utilitarianism

·        
C.

Religious absolutism

·        
D.

Moral subjectivism





2.

Which of the following statements is true of
virtue ethics?

·        
A.

Virtue ethics primarily focuses on the
question of what is the morally right thing to do.

·        
B.

Virtue ethics focuses on how to be rather
than on what to do.

·        
C.

Virtue ethics is in fact an abstruse ethical
theory.

·        
D.

Virtue ethics alone holds the answers to all
moral questions.





3.

Imran is shocked when he hears that his
seventeen-year-old cousin, Zoya, has moved in with her boyfriend. Alex, Imran's
friend, however, does not consider Zoya's actions immoral. Imran explains to
Alex that his family comes from a cultural background where entering into a
premarital relationship is unacceptable. After hearing this, Alex understands
Imran's perspective of the situation and empathizes with him. What form of
moral reasoning has been exemplified in this scenario?

·        
A.

Duty theory

·        
B.

Virtue ethics

·        
C.

Moral relativism

·        
D.

Religious absolutism



Concept: Ethical systems and business ethics




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Materials on the
concept


  • Ethical Systems

  • Egoism and Utilitarianism

  • Virtue ethics





4.

What is a proponent of egoism most likely to
believe?

·        
A.

If an action maximizes the benefits for an
individual, then it is acceptable.

·        
B.

Morally acceptable behavior is behavior that
is aimed at creating the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

·        
C.

Ethical behavior must be defined in
accordance to how other people behave.

·        
D.

Any behavior is morally acceptable if a
mature person with a good moral character deems it right.





5.

Which perspective of moral reasoning suggests
that behavior that is deemed ethical by a mature person with a good moral
character is moral behavior?

·        
A.

Universalism

·        
B.

Virtue ethics

·        
C.

Relativism

·        
D.

Absolutism





6.

Ten-year-old Ron is preparing for a math test
for the following week. His mother is surprised to find him studying on a
Sunday as Ron hates doing math and preparing for tests. When she asks him why
this test is so important, he tells her that his teacher has warned him that if
he scores a low grade, he will not be allowed to play on the soccer team, and
he wants to avoid that at all costs. In the context of Kohlberg's model of
cognitive moral development, Ron is in which stage of cognitive moral
development?

·        
A.

The conventional stage

·        
B.

The principled stage

·        
C.

The postprincipled stage

·        
D.

The preconventional stage



Concept: The ethics environment, ethical decision making, and
courage




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Materials on the
concept


  • Danger Signs

  • The Ethics Environment

  • Ethics Programs

  • Ethics

  • Ethical Decision Making





7.

Identify a factor that could lead to an
environment that stimulates unethical behavior in a business.

·        
A.

Laying more emphasis on the long-term
considerations of a business than its short-term revenues.

·        
B.

Installing clear procedures for handling
ethical issues

·        
C.

Willingly taking an ethical stand, even if it
adds cost to the business

·        
D.

Trying to solve all ethical problems with
quick and easy techniques





8.

Which type of ethics programs is designed to
punish violations of corporate law?

·        
A.

A compliance-based program

·        
B.

An integrity-based program

·        
C.

An operations-based program

·        
D.

A veracity-based program





9.

An inspection of the manufacturing facilities
at Altum Chemicals Inc. reveals that the company has not been maintaining the
mandatory safety standards. The management believes that this is one of the
reasons for the bad attitude and low morale of the workforce. In the context of
business costs incurred due to ethical failures, which among the following has
been illustrated in this scenario?

·        
A.

Government penalties

·        
B.

Customer defections

·        
C.

Employee cynicism

·        
D.

Remedial education

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