Q1. Artistic growth in the twelfth - Expert Answers

Q1. Artistic growth in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries gave rise to the ______________ style in art and architecture.    a. Romanesque    b. Germanic    c. Gothic    d. neoclassical

Q2. Medieval philosophy represents a series of attempts to reconcile    a. church and state.    b. man and God.    c. faith and reason.    d. body and soul.

Q3. Like learning, art in the ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries was centered in the    a. town and village.    b. court and monastery.    c. pilgrimage and Crusades.    d. home.

Q4. The initial expressed purpose of the Crusades was to    a. gain control over trade routes.    b. recover the Holy Land.    c. convert the Muslim world to Christianity.    d. expand European power in the Middle East.

Q5. By the early thirteenth century the most powerful figure in medieval Europe was    a. the pope.    b. the Holy Roman emperor.    c. Charlemagne.    d. Constantine.

Q6. The purpose of the rich and elaborate design and decoration of medieval cathedrals was to    a. frighten common people into obeying the Church.    b. teach people spiritual truths through physical sensations.    c. provide a place to hide the Church's physical wealth.    d. all of the above.

Q7. In his writings, Marco Polo describes the legendary Chingis-Khan (Ghengis Khan) as a(n)    a. ignorant man.    b. man of great integrity, wisdom, and valor.    c. man totally dependent on his advisors.    d. tyrant.

Q8. The Play of Daniel is an example of liturgical drama that should be understood as    a. an isolated artistic creation.    b. comedy.    c. both tragedy and comedy.    d. both music and drama.

Q9. In the long run, the Crusades proved    a. a great success.    b. a qualified success.    c. an enormous failure.    d. the superiority of European military power.

Q10. Medieval sculpture and stained glass are highly    a. abstract.    b. symbolic.    c. naturalistic.    d. stylized.

Q11. The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Europe were characterized by    a. a general humanizing trend in religion.    b. a renewal of a strictly imposed code of religious discipline.    c. a new secular consciousness.    d. all of the above.

Q12. The romance was    a. a long narrative poem.    b. a short play.    c. an instrumental musical piece.    d. the dominant literary form in medieval France.

Q13. Poet-composers who worked and entertained in the courts of southern France were called    a. proven?als.    b. barforms.    c. troubadours.    d. matadors.

Q14. The plot of a medieval romance often hinges on a conflict between    a. human and divine love.    b. the knight's loyalty to his lord and to his lady.    c. the Church and the secular ruler of the state.    d. the lady's love for her husband and for her lover.

Q15. Minnedienst was a code of conduct centered on    a. loyalty to the monarch.    b. fealty to courtly love.    c. the effort to imitate Christ.    d. rejection of all material things and pleasures.

Q16. Which statement best describes Dante's political philosophy?    a. The pope, as God's regent, should exercise ultimate political power.    b. Because a free society was necessary to the life of ideas, democracy was the ideal form of government.    c. A strong monarch was necessary to prevent disorder and to limit the power of the Church.    d. The republic, as embodied by Rome, was the ideal form of government.

Q17. The law of Dante's hell is the law of    a. the jungle.    b. the excluded middle.    c. inverse punishment.    d. symbolic retribution.

Q18. Dante's Divine Comedy is best described as a    a. tragedy.    b. spiritual epic.    c. comedy.    d. religious parody.

Q19. __________________ music is music sung or played in more than one part.    a. Diphonic    b. Monophonic    c. Mulitphonic    d. Polyphonic

Q20. Like many Gothic cathedrals, the cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres paid homage to    a. Jesus Christ.    b. the Virgin Mary.    c. Pierre Chartres.    d. Saint Denis.

Q21. The ancient empire of Ghana was based on trade in    a. slaves with Europeans.    b. slaves with Muslims.    c. gold with Europeans.    d. gold with Muslims.

Q22. The importance of the Neolithic Revolution to human history lies in the    a. creation of stable food supplies, leading to population growth.    b. development of cities and the specialization of occupations.    c. flowering of art and literature.    d. establishment of a standing army, leading to warfare and the building of empires.

Q23. Stone Age groupings were characterized by    a. hunting and gathering economies.    b. small, settled farms.    c. small towns ruled by local elites.    d. early forms of monarchy.

Q24. ________________ played a key role in sponsoring Portugal's exploration of Africa.    a. Prince John    b. Prince Henry    c. Prince Philip    d. Prince William

Q25. Which statement is the best general description of African societies prior to contact with Europeans?    a. The continent was politically, culturally, and ethnically unified.    b. The major economic system was based on trade with Asia via east Africa.    c. The continent was ethnically diverse and exhibited a wide range of political and economic systems.    d. The entire continent had an economy based on hunting and gathering, although it had a number of diverse political systems.

Q26. In contrast to the patterns of most Western societies, in Africa ______________ dominated agricultural production.    a. men    b. women    c. priests    d. traders

Q27. In Willem Bosman's "New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea," the rulers of Guinea treated the poor    a. with a sense of humor.    b. harshly.    c. charitably.    d. with indifference.

Q28. The systematic exploration of Africa by Europeans began in the ______________ century.    a. tenth    b. fifteenth    c. seventeenth    d. nineteenth

Q29. Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, more ______________ came to the Americas than did people of other lands.    a. Africans    b. South Asians    c. Europeans    d. East Asians

Q30. African culture tends to view time in a way that stresses the importance of    a. the past. (circularity)    b. the present.    c. the future.    d. punctuality. 

Q31. In the Yoruba myth of creation, Obatala forbids his worshippers to drink    a. goat?s milk.    b. Bantu water.    c. spring water.    d. palm wine.

Q32. The most common form of poem in African tradition is the    a. labarai.    b. riddle poem.    c. blessing.    d. praise poem.

Q33. There are more than ______________ African languages, representing four major language families.    a. 100    b. 1,000    c. 2,500    d. 5,000

Q34. A very important feature of African religions is belief in the spiritual vitality of the natural world, known as    a. voodoo.    b. animism.    c. transubstantiation.    d. teleology.

Q35. In the epic Sundiata, Sogolon Djata crawls on all fours until at the age of seven he stands for the first time with the help of    a. baobab leaves.    b. an iron rod.    c. a bow.    d. a bolt of lightning.

Q36. Yoruba masqueraders, who sing "iwi" poems such as "Children," serve as    a. fertility symbols.    b. links between the living and the dead.    c. love objects.

Q37. The religion of the Hausa of northern and southern Nigeria is    a. tribal.    b. Islam.    c. Christianity.    d. Judaism.

Q38. A griot is    a. a long, epic story of romantic love.    b. the oldest women in any given village.    c. a legal manuscript detailing the traditions of a community.    d. an official poet-historian.

Q39. Hausa is a linguistic term describing the peoples of _______________ who speak Hausa as their first language.    a. South Africa    b. West Africa    c. East Africa    d. North Africa

Q40. In the Darasa myth on the origin of death, humans choose death in exchange for    a. wealth.    b. free will.    c. fire.    d. reason.


Q1. Chinese architecture has been described as    a. human-centered.    b. ostentatious.    c. religiously motivated.    d. simple and easily constructed.

Q2. Buddhism spread rapidly throughout China after the close of the Han dynasty because    a. the Mongol rulers strongly encouraged the foreign religion.    b. native religions were ruthlessly suppressed.    c. traditional Chinese religions emphasized belief in an afterlife.    d. political upheaval encouraged a religion of peace and resignation.

Q3. Which statement about Confucianism is correct?    a. The word Confucianism was first used by Romans.    b. It is based on the ideal of inner balance.    c. It is based on the ideal of outer beauty.    d. Its ideal society is one in which rank is based on birth, not on merit.

Q4. In the Chinese language, every written sign is a    a. letter.    b. word.    c. sentence.    d. paragraph.

Q5. The central teaching of Daoism is    a. the belief in an all-powerful, rational creator god.    b. abandoning oneself to the natural rhythms of the universe.    c. seeking and following a balanced path through life.    d. the belief in sin and personal salvation through prayer and good works.

Q6. Early Chinese religion was based on worship of    a. ancestors and local gods.    b. sacred animals.    c. an unseen creator god.    d. the Middle Path.

Q7. The ______________ was by far the favorite subject for Song Chinese painters.    a. nude female    b. landscape    c. emperor    d. military battlefield

Q8. Chinese nobility during the Shang and Zhou dynasties were expected to act in accordance with    a. love.    b. honor.    c. virtue.    d. duty.

Q9. One basic difference between Western art and African art is that African art is not    a. visually appealing.    b. colorful.    c. classified into "fine arts" and crafts.    d. poetic.

Q10. The two parts, or sections, that are most important in African music are    a. brass and vocals.    b. drums and vocals.    c. drums and brass.    d. brass and strings.

Q11. One of the first European artists to be inspired by African art was    a. Mondrian.    b. Matisse.    c. Picasso.    d. C'zanne.

Q12. The combination of animals represented on the kponiugo, or fire-spitting mask, represents the    a. dangers of the jungle.    b. qualities of a brave warrior.    c. possessions of the tribe.    d. chaos of primordial times.

Q13. A Yoruba priest foretells the future and interprets the secret body of poems called "odu" using    a. a Mambunda mask.    b. an Ifa divination tray.    c. a crystal ball.    d. consecrated bones.

Q14. The constant element in African art and life could be defined as a tension between    a. good and evil.    b. order and disorder.    c. man and woman.    d. nature and society.

Q15. The Bakongo charm figure is thought to embody supernatural power. Objects such as these used in magical practices are called    a. fetishes.    b. charms.    c. mumbo-jumbos.    d. poltergeists.

Q16. Equestrian figures are especially prominent in    a. East Africa.    b. the Western Sudan.    c. the Congo.    d. South Africa

Q17. In the excerpt from The Bodhisattva, the bodhisattva's offer is similar to that of    a. Jesus.    b. Muhammad.    c. Buddha.    d. Krishna.

Q18. The first people who brought the entire Indian subcontinent under their political control were the    a. Aryans    b. Mauryans.    c. Greeks.    d. Guptas.

Q19. The basic unit of organization in Indian society is the    a. temple.    b. castle.    c. village.    d. caste.

Q20. The term Aryan properly refers to    a. a linguistic classification.    b. a set of political and cultural beliefs.    c. an ethnic group.    d. all of the above.

Q21. In the middle of the fifth century the Gupta empire was invaded by the    a. Goths.    b. Aryans.    c. Vandal.    d. Huns.

Q22. Dharma refers to    a. conformity to the law.    b. belief in rebirth after death.    c. the accumulated record of many lives.    d. All of the above.

Q23. The ______________ initiated what is generally considered to be the classical age of Indian culture.    a. Mauryans    b. Aryans    c. Guptas    d. Persians

Q24. The ______________ is one of the best-known literary works from India.    a. Analects of Confucius    b. Quran    c. Epic of Sundiata    d. Bhagavad Gita

Q25. Dharma, reincarnation, nirvana, yoga, and karma are terms associated with    a. Hinduism.    b. Islam.    c. Judaism.    d. Shinto.

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