CJA314 Crime Data Comparison Paper

Crime Data Comparison Paper

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) is a program designed by the FBI in 1929. The program is a data-gathering system for reported crimes in the United States. The International Association of Chiefs of Police initiated the program with the goal of developing a set of statistics of uniform crime, to be used by policymakers and police. The FBI is in charge of gathering the data for the UCR program from different agencies around the country. UCR data is organized in seven major categories of offense: robbery, rape, burglary, aggravated assault, motor vehicle theft, murder, and larceny. Offenses are further categorized as violent personal crimes and property crimes.  These Part I offenses formed the crime index, which provide a comparable crime rate between locations over time. The feature that is most significant about the UCR program is that only crimes reported or discovered by the police are included in the compiled statistics. With only the data of reported crimes gathered, the program is criticized for underestimating the true measure of crime in the United States.  This paper will compare the number of occurrences of burglary reported in Pittsburg and Memphis from 2009-2010. The paper will also determine what factors might explain the differences of rates in these areas.
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