SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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 SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
 

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 5 Exam.

Complete the Week 5 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

 

 

 

Ch. 11: Nutrition During Pregnancy and Infancy
 

 

Ch. 12: Nutrition from 1 to 100
 

 

Ch. 13: How Safe is our food supply?
 

 

Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

 

Test Bank, Question 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

This graph charts the growth rate of the infant. Which of the following is the correct interpretation of the information provided in this graph?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant’s birth weight is much higher than the general population.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant had weight gain that was much greater than expected from 15 to 18 months of age.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant’s birth weight is lower than the general population and has remained at this percentile into childhood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
This infant experienced catch-up growth between 3 and 6 months of age.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Newborn infants are given a shot of ____ at birth to prevent uncontrolled bleeding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
iron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin K
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

At what point are infants ready for solid or semi-solid foods?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2 months of age
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
4-6 months of age
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Infants can eat solid food immediately after being born
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1 year of age
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

As a general rule of thumb, an infant should ______ her birthweight by her first birthday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
double
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
triple
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
quadruple
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Weight gain in infancy is not compared to birthweight
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following foods is most commonly associated with mercury contamination?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Citrus fruits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fish
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuts
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tofu
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of cocaine’s effects during pregnancy?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is a central nervous system stimulant.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Use by the mother during pregnancy increases her risk for a miscarriage.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is a large molecule; therefore, it does not cross the placenta and enter fetal blood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Many of its effects during pregnancy occur because it constricts blood vessels, thereby reducing oxygen and nutrient delivery to the fetus.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following women has a greater risk of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Susie, a 30 year old Caucasian mother of 2
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Jenni, a 40 year old African American living in poverty
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Staci, a 35 year old Hispanic mother of 1
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mildred, a Caucasian 20 year old college student
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Because the majority of cell differentiation occurs during the ____ phase, this is the time when exposure to teratogens can do the most damage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
embryonic
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fetal
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
implantation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
zygote
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Many women start pregnancy with diminished iron stores.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The RDA for iron during pregnancy is about 150% of that for nonpregnant women.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The majority of the iron transferred from the mom to the fetus occurs in the last trimester.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Meeting increased iron needs is achieved most easily through the increased consumption of whole-grain products and spinach.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the only dietary intervention that has been shown to slow aging and extend life?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Consuming 10% of calories from olive oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Exercising daily for 60 minutes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cutting back on calorie intake
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Eating 5-9 fruits and vegetables daily
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Type of alcoholic liver disease that is not reversible is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcoholic hepatitis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cirrhosis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fatty liver.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
None of these are reversible.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

These results most likely came from ____ studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
animal
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
biochemical
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
clinical trial
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
epidemiological
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The development of kidney failure becomes more prevalent with age; therefore, the amount of _______ in the diet must be reduced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcohol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
carbohydrate
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fat
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
protein
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements about chronic disease risk is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The longer someone has diabetes, the greater their risk of complications that can lead to the need for an amputation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Elevated blood cholesterol levels during childhood are associated with higher mortality rate from heart disease as an adult.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children with a blood pressure that is at the high end of normal are more likely to develop hypertension as an adult.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children who drink high amounts of fruit juice are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes as an adult.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
higher
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lower
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
similar
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Based on the distribution of beverage intake by weight in U.S. children and teens, which micronutrient intakes have been most impacted by these beverage choices?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium and phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium and niacin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Potassium and sodium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Zinc and iodine
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The primary mechanism by which moderate consumption of alcohol lowers cardiovascular disease risk is that it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases triglyceride level in the blood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases blood pressure.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases cholesterol clearance from the digestive tract.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases HDL.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the “cafeteria germ”?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Campylobacter jejuni
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium botulinum
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium perfringens
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Salmonella
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _____ method of pest control combines chemical and non-chemical methods and emphasizes the use of natural toxins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Environmental safety health hazard plan
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Insect tolerance application process
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Integrated pest management
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pesticide residue tolerance control
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

This graph shows pesticide contents found among samples of domestically-produced food versus imported food. Review the graph, and then select that statement that is FALSE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The majority of domestic and imported foods contain no pesticide residues.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pesticide residues exceeding tolerance limits are a greater issue for domestic rather than imported foods.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
More domestic than imported foods contain pesticide residues.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these statements are false statements.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _____ ensures the safety and quality of foods sold across state lines with the exception of red meat, poultry, and egg products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Environmental Protection Agency
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Food and Drug Administration
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
United States Department of Agriculture
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _______ step in the HACCP program enables the manufacturer to trace the source of the problem in the event of a food-borne illness outbreak.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Identify the critical control points
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish critical limits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish monitoring procedure
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Record keeping
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following federal agencies does NOT work to ensure the safety of the GM plants and foods?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
CDC
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
EPA
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
FDA
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
USDA
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Genetic engineering has sped up the process of improving the traits of organisms. Which of the following describes the process of engineering a genetically modified plant?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → DNA is integrated into chromosomes
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Trichinella spriralis and Cryptosporidium parvum are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
bacteria.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fungi.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mold.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
parasites.
 

 
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