Multiple Choice - According to the Federal Rules

Multiple Choice - According to the Federal Rules

1.   According to the Federal Rules of Evidence, an expert is one who
    
  A. must serve when appointed by the court.
  B. can testify based on his or her knowledge, skills, experience, training, and education.
  C. may not be hired by the prosecution.
  D. is called to explain scientific evidence in layman's terms.
2.   The biggest ethical issue concerning incarceration of suspected terrorists is
    
  A. deportation.
  B. profiling.
  C. preventive detention.
  D. torture.
3.   The document used as a guide to determine how an offender is classified within the correctional institution is the
    
  A. community corrections analysis.
  B. guilty plea.
  C. presentence investigation report.
  D. cognitive thinking skills packet.
4.   When dealing with a sex offender, law enforcement must
    
  A. avoid collaborating with other agencies.
  B. seek the will of the citizens.
  C. avoid noble cause corruption.
  D. allow vigilante justice to take its course.
5.   Employees of the criminal justice system must not divulge medical information about incarcerated individuals because that information is protected by the _______ Act.
    
  A. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
  B. Mental Health Services
  C. Freedom of Information
  D. Patriot
6.   The process used to qualify witnesses is
    
  A. voir dire.
  B. the Frye test.
  C. jury selection.
  D. the Daubert standard.
7.   The purpose of the Daubert test is to
    
  A. prove to jurors that the witness is reliable.
  B. provide a follow-up to DNA evidence.
  C. guide lawyers in selecting witnesses.
  D. determine whether evidence is relevant and reliable.
8.   Community corrections may take the form of
    
  A. maximum-security prisons.
  B. solitary confinement.
  C. minimum-security prisons
  D. halfway houses.
 
9.   The National Academy of Science deemed that forensic science disciplines
    
  A. doesn't need to be standardized.
  B. be incorporated into basic cadet training at the police academy.
  C. can't be beholden to law enforcement.
  D. have strong hypotheses in place before conducting an investigation.
 
10.   In the agency approach to prosecuting suspected terrorists
    
  A. circumstantial evidence is not used to bring charges.
  B. the interests of defendants are of utmost importance.
  C. ethical standards are likely to be compromised.
  D. the loyalty of attorneys is centered on the accused.
11.   In Padilla v. Hanft, the Supreme Court
    
  A. failed to establish criteria for justifying indefinite detention of a man the president claimed was an enemy combatant.
  B. clarified the expression "providing material support to a terrorist organization."
  C. specified the criteria the U.S. had to use to determine if someone is an enemy combatant.
  D. declared just how dangerous an individual must be to be sentenced to prolonged detention.
12.   Of the most common personality types found in inmates, the one that's defined by rapidly shifting emotions, rash decision-making, dramatic and exaggerated emotion, and excessive self-centeredness is the _______ personality.
    
  A. histrionic
  B. narcissistic
  C. borderline
  D. antisocial
13.   The issue that makes racial profiling an ethical question is whether or not it's used
    
  A. toward African Americans.
  B. justifiably for investigative purposes.
  C. toward American citizens.
  D. in conjunction with behavior.
14.   Which of the following statements regarding torture is true?
    
  A. It results in bad publicity for the torturers.
  B. It doesn't result in reliable information.
  C. It's ethical because it's used by terrorists, too.
  D. It inspires others to join the tortured person's cause.
15.   In many states, what has been developed to hear cases involving defendants with severe mental illnesses who are facing misdemeanor or non-violent felony convictions?
    
  A. Mental Health Court
  B. Treatment Court
  C. Intermediate Punishment
  D. Accelerated Rehabilitation Disposition
16.   Due to the trend of closing State hospitals, mental health persons who find themselves in the criminal justice system, often are lodged in jails or prison. Slate and Johnson (2008) refer to this as
    
  A. trans-institutionalization.
  B. incarceration.
  C. system failures.
  D. maintenance.
17.   Community corrections is usually the responsibility of
    
  A. minimum-security prison personnel.
  B. halfway house administration.
  C. probation and parole personnel.
  D. the prosecutor's office.
18.   The problem with reward power is that it's
    
  A. easily confused with expert power.
  B. impossible to apply fairly.
  C. often perceived by inmates as favoritism.
  D. often perceived by superiors as coercion.
19.   Which statement is true concerning mental illness?
    
  A. Most states have sufficient treatment hospitals for the mentally ill.
  B. Those who experience a crisis of mental illness often end up in the criminal justice system.
  C. Visible signs of mental illness can usually be detected.
  D. Criminal justice practitioners are usually well trained in dealing with mental illness.
 
20.   The use of _______ has exonerated many individuals facing punishment from wrongful convictions.
    
  A. scientific knowledge
  B. junk science
  C. DNA
  D. expert testimony
Powered by