Expert Work - The Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas believed that

Q1. The Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas believed that
    a. one could prove the eternity of the universe by reason.
    b. one could prove the creation of the universe by reason.
    c. reason alone could not prove either the eternity of or the creation of the universe.
    d. faith alone is sufficient to understand eternity and creation.
 
Q2. The initial expressed purpose of the Crusades was to
    a. gain control over trade routes.
    b. recover the Holy Land.
    c. convert the Muslim world to Christianity.
    d. expand European power in the Middle East.
 
Q3. By the early thirteenth century the most powerful figure in medieval Europe was
    a. the pope.
    b. the Holy Roman emperor.
    c. Charlemagne.
    d. Constantine.
 
Q4. The term applied to scientific, theological, and philosophical learning taught in medieval universities is
    a. asceticism.
    b. materialism.
    c. mysticism.
    d. scholasticism.
 
Q5. The years between 1000 and 1250 were characterized by
    a. the final conquest of Islam.
    b. the beginnings of the Renaissance.
    c. increased agricultural productivity.
    d. all of the above.
 
Q6. The Play of Daniel is an example of liturgical drama that should be understood as
    a. an isolated artistic creation.
    b. comedy.
    c. both tragedy and comedy.
    d. both music and drama.
 
Q7. Medieval sculpture and stained glass are highly
    a. abstract.
    b. symbolic.
    c. naturalistic.
    d. stylized.
 
Q8. In his writings, Marco Polo describes the legendary Chingis-Khan (Ghengis Khan) as
a(n)
    a. ignorant man.
    b. man of great integrity, wisdom, and valor.
    c. man totally dependent on his advisors.
    d. tyrant.
 
Q9. The Abbot Suger, who was instrumental in designing the abbey of Saint Denis, believed ______________ to be symbolic of the unity of all creation and of God's Holy Spirit.
    a. light
    b. the dove
    c. baptism
    d. high, vaulted ceilings
 
Q10. In the long run, the Crusades proved
    a. a great success.
    b. a qualified success.
    c. an enormous failure.
    d. the superiority of European military power.
 
Q11. In comparison to the French poets of courtly love, the Italian poets tended to
emphasize the
    a. nobility of the beloved and redemptive power of love.
    b. beauty and sensuality of love.
    c. forbidden nature of love and the high rank of the beloved.
    d. pain and suffering that resulted from unrequited love.
 
Q12. The plot of a medieval romance often hinges on a conflict between
    a. human and divine love.
    b. the knight's loyalty to his lord and to his lady.
    c. the Church and the secular ruler of the state.
    d. the lady's love for her husband and for her lover.
 
Q13. __________________ music is music sung or played in more than one part.
    a. Diphonic
    b. Monophonic
    c. Mulitphonic
    d. Polyphonic
 
Q14. Minnedienst was a code of conduct centered on
    a. loyalty to the monarch.
    b. fealty to courtly love.
    c. the effort to imitate Christ.
    d. rejection of all material things and pleasures.
 
Q15. Like many Gothic cathedrals, the cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres paid homage to
    a. Jesus Christ.
    b. the Virgin Mary.
    c. Pierre Chartres.
    d. Saint Denis.
 
Q16. The romance was
    a. a long narrative poem.
    b. a short play.
    c. an instrumental musical piece.
    d. the dominant literary form in medieval France.
 
Q17. The law of Dante's hell is the law of
    a. the jungle.
    b. the excluded middle.
    c. inverse punishment.
    d. symbolic retribution.
 
Q18. The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Europe were characterized by
    a. a general humanizing trend in religion.
    b. a renewal of a strictly imposed code of religious discipline.
    c. a new secular consciousness.
    d. all of the above.
 
Q19. Poet-composers who worked and entertained in the courts of southern France were called
    a. proven?als.
    b. barforms.
    c. troubadours.
    d. matadors.
 
Q20. Courtly literature arose out of what kinds of earlier literature?
    a. classical and medieval epic
    b. classical works on friendship and biblical works of mystical love
    c. classical epic and Muslim religious and secular poetry
    d. medieval vernacular fables, romances, and narrative poems
 
Q21. ________________ played a key role in sponsoring Portugal's exploration of Africa.
    a. Prince John
    b. Prince Henry
    c. Prince Philip
    d. Prince William
 
Q22. The two forms of political organization characteristic of African societies have traditionally been identified as
    a. stateless societies and state systems.
    b. tribal democracies and monarchies.
    c. matrilineal and patrilineal.
    d. ritualistic and constitutional.
 
Q23. In contrast to the patterns of most Western societies, in Africa ______________ dominated agricultural production.
    a. men
    b. women
    c. priests
    d. traders
 
Q24. African culture tends to view time in a way that stresses the importance of
    a. the past. (circularity)
    b. the present.
    c. the future.
    d. punctuality.
 
Q25. In Willem Bosman's "New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea," the rulers of Guinea treated the poor
    a. with a sense of humor.
    b. harshly.
    c. charitably.
    d. with indifference.
 
Q26. The systematic exploration of Africa by Europeans began in the ______________ century.
    a. tenth
    b. fifteenth
    c. seventeenth
    d. nineteenth
 
Q27. Contact with Muslim merchants greatly influenced the ancient empire of Ghana with respect to
    a. clothing styles.
    b. food preparation.
    c. marriage customs.
    d. techniques of trade and administration.
 
Q28. Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, more ______________ came to the Americas than did people of other lands.
    a. Africans
    b. South Asians
    c. Europeans
    d. East Asians
 
Q29. Stone Age groupings were characterized by
    a. hunting and gathering economies.
    b. small, settled farms.
    c. small towns ruled by local elites.
    d. early forms of monarchy.
 
Q30. The naturalistic Benin bronzes associated with kingship and its rituals were made by a technique called the ______________ method.
    a. Usama
    b. sulfur and clay
    c. lost wax
    d. Obalufon
 
Q31. Hausa is a linguistic term describing the peoples of _______________ who speak
Hausa as their first language.
    a. South Africa
    b. West Africa
    c. East Africa
    d. North Africa
 
Q32. A very important feature of African religions is belief in the spiritual vitality of the
natural world, known as
    a. voodoo.
    b. animism.
    c. transubstantiation.
    d. teleology.
 
Q33. Yoruba masqueraders, who sing "iwi" poems such as "Children," serve as
    a. fertility symbols.
    b. links between the living and the dead.
    c. love objects.
 
Q34. There are more than ______________ African languages, representing four major
language families.
    a. 100
    b. 1,000
    c. 2,500
    d. 5,000
 
Q35. Which ancient African language had a written tradition that has not yet been
deciphered?
    a. Swahili
    b. Meroitic
    c. Hausa
    d. Ge?ez
 
Q36. In the Darasa myth on the origin of death, humans choose death in exchange for
    a. wealth.
    b. free will.
    c. fire.
    d. reason.
 
Q37. African riddles familiarize children with
    a. tribal history.
    b. the wisdom and style of the elders.
    c. hunting traditions.
    d. the rules of etiquette.
 
Q38. The Yoruba reside primarily in southwestern Nigeria and
    a. the Congo.
    b. the republic of Benin.
    c. the Ivory Coast.
    d. Liberia.
 
Q39. A griot is
    a. a long, epic story of romantic love.
    b. the oldest women in any given village.
    c. a legal manuscript detailing the traditions of a community.
    d. an official poet-historian.
 
Q40. In the epic Sundiata, Sogolon Djata crawls on all fours until at the age of seven he stands for the first time with the help of
    a. baobab leaves.
    b. an iron rod.
    c. a bow. 
    d. a bolt of lightning.v
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