LDR 531 Week 5 Quiz

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LDR 531 Week 5 Quiz

Your answers : 25/25 (100%)

• 1

It is easiest for management to deal with resistance when it is

o

overt

o

deferred

o

implicit

o

passive

• 2

Which of the following is least likely to realize a competitive advantage for an organization?

o

Superior skills

o

Superior position

o

Superior resources

o

Superior strategy

• 3

Which of the following actions can extinguish risk taking and innovation?

o

Encouraging experimentation

o

Using organic organizational structures

o

Long tenure in management

o

Rewarding for the absence of failures rather than for the presence of success

• 4

Sometimes, businesses find it necessary to reconceive their core business. Which of the following would be the least effective strategy for doing so?

o

Business recombination

o

Core relocation

o

Business customization

o

Business redefinition

• 5

Which of the following statements is true regarding innovation?

o

Interunit communication is low in innovative organizations.

o

Innovative organizations reward both successes and failures.

o

Organic structures negatively influence innovation.

o

Innovation is nurtured when there is an abundance of resources.

• 6

Which of the following is least likely to lend to a simple organizational structure?

o

Little departmentalization

o

Centralized authority

o

Formalized rules and regulations

o

Wide span of control

• 7

The deemphasizing of hierarchical authority and control in organizational development is referred to as

o

power equalization

o

trust and support

o

vertical blending

o

horizontal integration

• 8

Confusion in who reports to whom is a weakness of which one of the following organizational structures?

o

Boundaryless

o

Virtual

o

Matrix

o

Bureaucracy

• 9

Idea champions display characteristics associated with _________ leadership.

o

narcissistic

o

autocratic

o

laissez-faire

o

transformational

• 10

Which of the following resistances to change is implicit?

o

Resignation

o

Strike

o

Complaint

o

Increased error

• 11

Culture is most likely to be a liability when

o

the organization scores low on the degree of formalization

o

the organization is highly centralized

o

the organization’s management is highly efficient

o

the organization’s environment is dynamic

• 12

Decision making within which one of the following organizational structures follows a strict chain of command?

o

Virtual

o

Matrix

o

Bureaucracy

o

Boundaryless

• 13

________ is a collection of change methods that seek to improve organizational effectiveness and employee well-being.

o

Organizational development

o

Organizational polarization

o

Operant conditioning

o

Organizational restructuring

• 14

A(n) ________ organization is an organization that takes on a life of its own, apart from its founders and members, and is valued for itself and not for the goods or services it produces.

o

matrix

o

virtual

o

institutionalized

o

centralized

• 15

________ are persons who act as catalysts and assume the responsibility for managing refinement activities.

o

Whistle-blowers

o

Free riders

o

Change agents

o

Laggards

• 16

Which of the following is the first step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?

o

Plan for, create, and reward short-term “wins” that move the organization toward the new vision.

o

Form a coalition with enough power to lead change.

o

Create a new vision to direct the change and strategies for achieving the vision.

o

Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.

• 17

The focus of a single segmentation within a scope strategy is known as a _______ strategy.

o

niche

o

segmentation

o

unsegmentation

o

customizing

• 18

Which of the following is the last step in Kotter’s eight-step plan for implementing change?

o

Consolidate improvements, reassess changes, and make necessary adjustments in the new programs.

o

Communicate the vision throughout the organization.

o

Establish a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why change is needed.

o

Reinforce the changes by demonstrating the relationship between new behaviors and organizational success.

• 19

Which of the following factors is least likely to have an impact on organizational structure?

o

Technology

o

Strategy

o

Location

o

Size

• 20

Which of the following is an example of an individual source of resistance to change?

o

Structural inertia

o

Fear of the unknown

o

Product orientation

o

Employee orientation

• 21

Which of the following is typically a characteristic of the mechanistic model of organization?

o

Rigid departmentalization

o

Low formalization

o

Wide span of controls

o

Decentralized management

• 22

Which of the following statements is true regarding the functions of culture in an organization?

o

It conveys a sense of identity for organization members.

o

It hinders the generation of commitment to something larger than individual self-interest among employees.

o

It does not affect employees’ attitudes and behavior.

o

It reduces the stability of the organizational system.

• 23

A(n) __________ strategy emphasizes the introduction of major new products and services.

o

mechanistic

o

cost-minimization

o

innovation

o

organic

• 24

Strategy of differentiation consists of which of the following?

o

Sourcing strategies, processing strategies, delivering strategies

o

Upstream business strategy, midstream business strategy, downstream business strategy

o

Price, support, design

o

Cost leadership, differentiation, cost focus

• 25

Entering into various types of business ventures outside of the realm of an organization’s usual type of business is an example of a ________ strategy.

o

diversification

o

undifferentiating

o

customizing

o

chain integration
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