Biology Quick Review and Outline - Full Course Review Notes (Includes Anatomy & Physiology)

Biology Quick Review and Outline - Full Course Review Notes (Includes Anatomy & Physiology)

Biology Quick Review and Outline - Full Course Review Notes (Includes Anatomy & Physiology)

Pages: 168

All the important facts that you need to know compiled in an easy-to-understand summary review and outline.

Comprehensive document to accompany any classroom instruction session. Use it as a handout for quick review purposes.

Fully editable WORD Document.


Contents / Page #
1 - Science of Biology 6
Biology Themes 6
Darwin's Theory of Evolution 7
Organization of Living Things, Nature of Science 8
2 - Nature of Molecules 10
Atoms and Chemical Bonds 10
Water 11
3 - Chemical Building Blocks of Life 13
Carbohydrates 13
Carbon and Functional Groups 14
Nucleic Acids and Lipids 15
Proteins 17
4 - Origin/Early History of Life 20
Cell Evolution and Extraterrestrials 20
Life's Characteristics/Origin 22
5 - Cell Structure 25
Cell Diversity and Cell Movement 25
Cells 26
Eukaryotic Structures 27
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells 30
6 - Membranes 32
Bulk/Active Transport 32
Passive Transport 33
Phospholipid Bilayer 34
7 - Cell-Cell Interactions 37
Cell Identity 37
Receptors 38
Signaling Between/Through Cells 39
8 - Energy and Metabolism 42
ATP and Biochemical Pathways 42
Enzymes 42
Thermodynamics 44
9 - Cellular Respiration 46
Overview of Respiration 46
Glycolysis 47
Pyruvate Oxidation, Krebs Cycle 48
Electron Transport Chain 49
Anaerobic Respiration, Metabolism Evolution 51
10 - Photosynthesis 53
Overview of Photosynthesis, Light Biophysics 53
Chlorophyll, Light Reactions 54
Calvin Cycle 57
Cell Division 59
Prokaryotic Cell Division, Chromosomes 59
Cell Cycle 60
Checkpoints, Cancer 62
12 - Meiosis 64
Meiosis Overview 64
Steps of Meiosis 65
Origin of Sex 66
13 - Patterns of Inheritance 67
Mendel's Experiment 67
Mendelian Principles 68
Human Genetics 70
Genes on Chromosomes 71
14 - DNA: Genetic Material 74
Discovery of Genetic Material 74
DNA Structure 75
DNA Replication 75
Gene Structure 77
15 - How Genes Work 79
Central Dogma, Genetic Code 79
Transcription 80
Translation 81
Gene Splicing 82
16 - Gene Technology 83
Manipulating DNA 83
Stages of Genetic Engineering 84
Applying Genetic Engineering 85
17 - Genomes 87
Mapping, Sequencing 87
Stages of Genetic Engineering 88
Applying Genetic Engineering 89
18 - Control of Gene Expression 91
Transcriptional Control, DNA Motifs 91
Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic Gene Regulation 91
Chromatin, Post-transcription 92
19 - Cellular Mechanisms of Development 94
Types of Development 94
Cell Movement During Development 96
Cell Death 97
20 - Nervous System 99
Central Nervous System 99
Peripheral/Autonomic Nervous Systems 100
Brain Functions 101
Neurons, Drugs 102
21 - Sensory Systems 105
Sensory Receptors 105
Body Position, Hearing 106
Vision 107
22 - Endocrine System 109
Hormones 109
Pituitary Gland 110
Other Endocrine Glands 111
23 - Sex/Reproduction 114
Fertilization, Birth Control 114
Male Reproductive System 115
Female Reproductive System 116
24 - Circulatory/Respiratory Systems 118
Parts of Circulatory System 118
Parts of Respiratory System 119
Cardiac Cycle 121
Development of Breathing 123
25 - Immune System 125
1st and 2nd Lines of Defense 125
3rd Line of Defense 126
Diseases, Uses of Immune System 128
26 - Renal System, Digestive System 130
Homeostasis 130
Parts of Renal System 131
Types of Digestion 132
Parts of Digestive System 133
Digestion Regulation 134
27 - Protists, Fungi 136
Protists 136
Protist Groups 137
General Fungi Characteristics 139
Fungi Groups 140
28 - Evolution of Plants 142
Nonvascular Plants 142
Seedless Vascular Plants, Gymnosperms 143
Angiosperms 144
29 - Plant Body 145
Meristems, Tissues 145
Roots 147
Stem 148
Leaves 149
30 - Plant Reproduction 151
Flower Formation 151
Pollination 153
Plant Asexual Reproduction 154
31 - Plant Development 156
Early Plant Formation 156
Seed and Fruit Formation 157
Plant Chemical Regulation 157
32 - Evolution 159
Natural Selection 159
Charles Darwin's Major Points 160
33 - Behavioral Ecology 162
Optimization 162
Mating 163
Fecundity, Selection 164
34 - Community Ecology 165
Interactions 165
Populations 166
Niches 167
Biology Quick Review and Outline - Full Course Review Notes (Includes Anatomy & Physiology)
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