HSA_535_midterm_exam_part_2

·         Question 1

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Which of the following activities characterizes an epidemiologic approach (as opposed to a clinical approach)?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 2

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
In the Yearly Mortality Bill for 1632, consumption referred to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 3

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Which of the following is not usually an aim of epidemiology?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 4

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Which of the following activities characterizes a clinical approach (as opposed to an epidemiologic approach)?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 5

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) is responsible for (give the best answer):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 6

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
John Snow, author of Snow on Cholera:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 7

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Cyclic variations in the occurrence of pneumonia and influenza mortality may reflect:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 8

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
According to the natural history of disease model, the time before the precursors of disease and the host interact is called the period of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 9

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by pasteurization of milk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 10

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
In 1900, the death rate per 100,000 members of the population for influenza and pneumonia (I & P) was 202.2; it was 22.4 in 2003. How much did the death rate due to I & P decline?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 11

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Increases in lung cancer mortality, especially among women, illustrate which of the following trends in disease occurrence?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 12

0 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by half-way houses for persons recovering from addiction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 13

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by nutritional counseling for pregnant women
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 14

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by screening for breast cancer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 15

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
An epidemiologic survey of roller-skating injuries in Metroville, a city with a population of 100,000 (during the midpoint of the year), produced the following data for a particular year:
 

Number of skaters in Metroville during any given month
12,000
Roller-skating injuries in Metroville
600
Total number of residents injured from roller-skating
1,800
Total number of deaths from roller-skating
90
Total number of deaths from all causes
900

 
The crude death rate for all causes was:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 16

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
To express the burden or extent of some condition or attribute in a population. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 17

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
The risk of acquiring a given disease during a time period is best determined by:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 18

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
The fundamental tool for etiologic studies of both acute and chronic diseases. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 19

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
An epidemiologic survey of roller-skating injuries in Metroville, a city with a population of 100,000 (during the midpoint of the year), produced the following data for a particular year:
 

Number of skaters in Metroville during any given month
12,000
Roller-skating injuries in Metroville
600
Total number of residents injured from roller-skating
1,800
Total number of deaths from roller-skating
90
Total number of deaths from all causes
900

 
The cause-specific mortality rate from roller-skating was:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 20

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Determining workload and planning the scope of facilities and manpower needs, particularly for chronic disease. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 21

0 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Beach City has a rising population of 500,000 robust, fertile males and 450,000 robust, fertile females. If there were 4,000 live births, 3 fetal deaths, and 40 maternal deaths, what is the crude birth rate?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 22

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Blood pressure measurements on adult males 30-39 years of age were obtained in a survey of a representative sample of Twin Cities households. To compare the frequency of hypertension in the white and non-white population surveyed, the most appropriate measure is the:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 23

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Which of Mill’s four canons suggests that there is an association between frequency of disease and the potency of a causative factor?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 24

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Which of the following statements most accurately expresses the breeder hypothesis for schizophrenia?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 25

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Studies of nativity and migration have reported that:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 26

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Reasons for gender differences in mortality may include:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 27

0 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Lung cancer mortality among women is increasing faster than among men. What factor(s) would most likely account for this increased cancer rate?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 28

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Age-specific and age-adjusted mortality rates by sex in the United States generally show the following sex differences:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 29

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
A null hypothesis is most similar to which of the following?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
·         Question 30

5 out of 5 points

 
 
 
Descriptive epidemiology has the following characteristics (Choose the incorrect
option):
 
 
 
 

 
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