SCI 250 Week 6 Respiratory System Lab and Quiz

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SCI 250 Entire Course Link
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SCI 250 Week 6 Respiratory System Lab
and Quiz

Complete the
Respiratory System Lab.

Complete the
open-book quiz about the respiratory system and associated diseases. The quiz
will be provided by your instructor.

Respiratory System Lab – Week Six



Introduction



The respiratory system consists of the upper respiratory
tract (the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi) and the lower
respiratory tract (the lungs). As you learn about the various diseases that
affect the respiratory system, it is important for you to understand the
structures that can be affected by disease. Complete this lab to become
familiar with a healthy system and to
identify diseases related to both the upper and lower
respiratory tracts.




PART ONE: basic
functions



Provide brief answers
to the following questions to help you get acquainted with the basic functions
of a healthy respiratory system. Refer to Ch. 21 in Microbiology: Principles and Explorations.

 

1.    
How do body reflexes like coughing and sneezing
help prevent or fight infection?

2.    
What role do cilia play in maintaining a
healthy respiratory system?  

3.    
Compare normal microflora of the upper
respiratory tract with normal microflora of the lower respiratory tract.



PART two: basic
structures



Visit
Chapter 21 of Microbiology: Principles
and Explorations
in WileyPlus to
view an in-depth presentation of a healthy respiratory system by completing the
following steps:

 

·      Select the Chapter 21
WileyPlus reading link located on your student Web page.

·      Locate the heading Chapter Review.

·      Select the Anatomy Overview: The Respiratory System link.

·      Complete this lab as you
explore the Respiratory System multimedia piece.

 

Overview

 

Roll
over each component of the Conducting and Respiratory portions of the Respiratory
System multimedia piece. Take note of how the preserved trachea and lung
photograph on the left compares to the illustrated diagram on the right.

 

Upper Respiratory
System (Conducting Portion: Nasal Cavity)


 

Roll
over and click either the nasal cavity
or pharynx components of the Conducting portion of the Respiratory System multimedia piece to navigate to the Nasal
Cavity. Refer to Nasal Cavity component
of the multimedia piece and Ch.
21, Figure 21.8 in Microbiology:
Principles and Explorations
to label the structures in the following diagram
of a healthy upper respiratory system.

 



 

Lower Respiratory
System (Respiratory Portion: Lungs)


 

Click
the icon in the upper left corner of the Nasal Cavity diagram to return to the
main menu in the Respiratory System multimedia
piece. Click the lungs component of
the Respiratory Portion to navigate
to the Lung diagram. Refer to Lung diagram of the multimedia piece and Ch.
21, Figure 21.1 in Microbiology:
Principles and Explorations
to label the structures in the following diagrams
of a healthy lower respiratory system. Please note: The first diagram that
follows is found only in Ch. 21, Figure 21.1, and not in the Lung component of
the multimedia piece.

 





 

 



PART three:
investigate and apply



Visit
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Access the Public Diseases
& Conditions A-Z Index at http://www.cdc.gov/DiseasesConditions/
Scroll down to the section titled Top Requested Diseases & Conditions.
Review the list of diseases about that the general public is most frequently
requesting information about. You will notice some familiar diseases from your
assigned readings. Click on at least one microbe-related respiratory system
disease and complete the following activity.

 

Read
the information on the CDC site and provide a brief, 1-2 paragraph summary of
the respiratory illness. Include in your description:

 

·        
The respiratory illness

·        
The microbe causing the illness

·        
Which structures of the respiratory system
are affected—Use one or more structures included in Part Two.

·        
Who is at risk

·        
How serious the disease is

 

[Type
your paragraph in the space below]

 

 

Section:
Matching (Highlight or indicate the correct response)   .25 points each question


 

1.    
Catarrhal
stage with fever, sneezing, vomiting, and mild cough; paroxysmal stage with
ropy mucus and violent cough; convalescent stage with mild cough


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respirator
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



2.    
Inflammation
of bronchi or alveoli of lungs with fluid accumulation and fever


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



3.    
Inflammation
of the lungs, fever, chills, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, and fluid in lungs


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary disease

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



 

4.    
Tubercles
in lungs and sometimes in other tissues; organisms can persist in walled-off
lesions and be reactivated


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



5.    
Viruses
subject to antigenic variation, with new strains causing epidemics;
inflammation of oropharyngeal membranes, fever, malaise, muscle pain, cough,
nasal discharge, and gastroenteritis


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



6.    
Febrile
disease of the respiratory tract; can cause viral pneumonia


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



 

7.    
Fever,
kidney abnormalities; in severe cases shock, bleeding, and pulmonary edema


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



8.    
Mild
cough and nasal discharge; can cause viral pneumonia


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



9.    
Granulomatous
lesions in lungs and spleen in susceptible individuals; can cause pneumonia


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory disease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Apsergillosis



 

10. 
Usually
a mild pulmonary disease; pneumonia and dissemination to meninges can occur


  • Whooping
    cough

  • Classic
    pneumonia

  • Legionnaires'
    disease

  • Tuberculosis

  • Influenza

  • Respiratory
    syncytial virus infection

  • Hantavirus
    pulmonary syndrome

  • Acute
    respiratory diesease

  • Histoplasmosis

  • Cryptococcosis

  • Aspergillosis



 
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