BIO 291 Week 6 WileyPLUS Quiz

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 BIO 291 Week 6 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 1

Which of the following is not a correct function of the urinary system?

 

Regulation of blood volume

 

Hormone production

 

Waste excretion

 

Maintenance of blood glucose levels

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 2
 

 

 

Which of the following substances is not produced in some manner by the kidneys?

 

Aldosterone

 

Calcitriol

 

Erythropoietin

 

Renin

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 3
 

 

 

The functional unit of the kidney is known as the:

 

Distal Convoluted Tubule

 

Nephron

 

Proximal Convoluted Tubule

 

Afferent Arteriole

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 4
 

 

 

What blood vessel separates the cortex from the medulla?

 

Arcuate artery

 

Cortical radiate artery

 

Efferent arteriole

 

Interlobar vein

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 5
 

 

 

What is the name of the high-pressure vessel that feeds the glomerular capillaries?

 

Afferent arterioles

 

Efferent arterioles

 

Renal tubules

 

Peritubular capillaries

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 6

What substance is highly permeable as it passes through the ascending limb of the loop of Henle?

 

Glucose

 

Sodium

 

Urea

 

Water

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 7
 

 

 

Which of the following would not be found within a renal corpuscle?

 

Bowman’s capsule

 

Bowman’s space

 

Glomerular capillaries

 

Loop of Henle/Renal loop

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 8
 

 

 

What type of nephron accounts for 15% of all nephrons and is responsible for producing concentrated urine?

 

Cortical nephron

 

Juxtamedullary nephron

 

Proximal nephron

 

Transitional nephron

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 9

Which of the following would not affect the glomerular filtration rate?

 

Contraction/relaxation of mesangial cells

 

Scarring of the endothelial lining in the glomerular capillaries

 

Alteration in blood pressure

 

Secretion of anti-diuretic hormone

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 10

ADH acts primarily on what cell type?

 

Intercalated cells

 

Juxtaglomerular cells

 

Podocytes

 

Principal cells

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 11
 

 

 

What effect does aldosterone have on the principal cells with regard to potassium?

 

Stimulates potassium secretion

 

Decreases potassium secretion

 

No effect on potassium secretion

 

Stops potassium secretion

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 12
 

 

 

Which of the following is not a nitrogenous waste?

 

Carbohydrates

 

Creatinine

 

Urea

 

Uric acid

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 13
 

 

 

Which of the following is an abnormal characteristic of urine?

 

pH between 4.5 and 8.2

 

Osmolarity between 50-1,200 mOsm/L

 

Presence of urea

 

Hematuria

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 14
 

 

 

What structure in the kidney is responsible for monitoring blood pressure?

 

Proximal convoluted tubule

 

Juxtaglomerular apparatus

 

Nephron

 

Glomerular capsule

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 15
 

 

 

What is the name of the muscle that is found in the urinary bladder?

 

Detrusor muscle

 

Muscularis externa

 

Muscularis mucosae

 

Urethral muscle
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