PART_1_MIDTERM_EXAM_HSA_535

PART_1_MIDTERM_EXAM_HSA_535

PART_1_MIDTERM_EXAM_HSA_535
· Question 1

5 out of 5 points




The first step in any epidemiological investigation is to ____.







· Question 2

5 out of 5 points




A disease or condition that affects a greater than expected (normal) number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time is referred to as an ____.







· Question 3

5 out of 5 points




HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is currently a ____.







· Question 4

5 out of 5 points




Physical, biological, social, cultural, and behaviors that influence health are known as ____.







· Question 5

5 out of 5 points




One of the important concepts from the Nuremberg Code is that of ____, which means that the subject understands the scope of the study and can make an informed decision to participate.







· Question 6

5 out of 5 points




The biological cause of a problem or disease is known as ____.







· Question 7

5 out of 5 points




Social epidemiology studies ____.







· Question 8

5 out of 5 points




The time between infection and clinical disease is referred to as a(n) ____.







· Question 9

5 out of 5 points




Identifying diseases prior to the clinical stage means that prevention efforts can begin immediately. Because the disease is already present, this is an example of ____ prevention.







· Question 10

5 out of 5 points




James Lind (1716-1794) observed the effect of time, place, weather, and diet on the spread of disease by ____.







· Question 11

5 out of 5 points




A test given to people who have no symptoms to check for the presence of a particular disease is known as a ____.







· Question 12

5 out of 5 points




The aspect of consistency means that ____.







· Question 13

5 out of 5 points




Risk factors or exposures that we think might affect the outcome are known as ____.







· Question 14

5 out of 5 points




The modern epidemiologic triangle includes groups of populations, causative factors, and ____.







· Question 15

5 out of 5 points




A table in epidemiology that arranges numbers to allow the comparison of exposure and outcome is called a ____ table.







· Question 16

5 out of 5 points




The number of existing cases of disease divided by the population is known as ____.







· Question 17

5 out of 5 points




A proportion measured over a period of time is known as a ____.







· Question 18

5 out of 5 points




The representation of a numerator as a fraction of a denominator is known as a(n) ____.







· Question 19

5 out of 5 points




Consider a food borne illness that is being investigated from a restaurant during a one week period. Anyone who ate at that restaurant, and had vomiting and diarrhea during that week, could be considered a(n) ____ even if they had not gone to see their doctor.







· Question 20

5 out of 5 points




By definition, the disease or condition used to identify a case is determined by the ____.







· Question 21

5 out of 5 points




While many people are used to hearing proportions represented as a percentage, many population samples in epidemiology are often presented per ____.







· Question 22

5 out of 5 points




A person in the population or study group identified as having the particular disease, health disorder, or condition under investigation is known as a ____.







· Question 23

5 out of 5 points




A(n) ____ is an infected individual capable of transmitting disease during and after clinical disease.







· Question 24

5 out of 5 points




There is ____ in the overall crude death rate in the United States from the year 1900 until 1996.







· Question 25

5 out of 5 points




____ is the transmission of a disease from person to person, and may be directly from one person to another, or indirectly from one person through an intermediate item to another person.







· Question 26

5 out of 5 points




____ is the transmission of a disease from mother to child during pregnancy or delivery.







· Question 27

5 out of 5 points




The disease carrier of most concern is known as a(n) ____, which is an infected person who never gets clinically ill, but can transmit the etiologic agent to others.







· Question 28

5 out of 5 points




Infectious diseases are responsible for ____% of worldwide deaths in children under 15 years old and ____% of deaths in people aged 15-59 years old.







· Question 29

5 out of 5 points




If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called a ____.







· Question 30

5 out of 5 points




One of the most important emerging problems with the control of infectious diseases has to do with ____.
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