Financial and Managerial Accounting: P17-7A Dixon Robotics manufactures three robot models

Financial and Managerial Accounting

P17-7A

Dixon Robotics manufactures three robot models: the A3B4, the BC11, and the C3P0. Dixon allocates manufacturing overhead to each model based on machine hours. A large portion of the company's manufacturing overhead costs is incurred by the Maintenance Department. This year, the department anticipates that it will incur $100,000 in total costs. The following estimates pertain to the upcoming year.

Model Estimated Machine Hours Estimated Units of Production

A3B4 20,000 6,250

BC11 15,000 5,000

C3PO 5,000 2,500

Ed Smith,Dixon's cost accountant, suspects that unit costs are being distorted by using a single activity base to allocate Maintenance Department costs to products. Thus he is considering the implementation of activity-based costing (ABC).

Under the proposed ABC method, the costs of the Maintenance Department would be allocated to the following activity cost pools using the number of work orders as an activity base: (1) the repair pool and (2) the janitorial pool. Of the 2,000 work orders filed with the Maintenance Department each year, approximately 400 relate to repair activities, and 1,600 relate to janitorial activities.

Machinery repairs correlate with the number of production runs of each robot model. Thus the repairs pool would be allocated to robots based on each model's corresponding number of production runs. Janitorial services correlate with square feet of production space. Thus the janitorial pool, would be allocated to products based on the square feet of production space devoted to each robot model. The following table provides a summary of annual production run activity and square footage requirements.

Model Estimated No. of Production Runs Estimated Sq Ft of Production Space Used

A3B4 50 5,000

BC11 150 10,000

C3PO 200 25,000



Instructions:

a. Calculate the amount of Maintenance Department costs that would be allocated to each robot model (on a per-unit basis) using machine-hours as a single activity base.

b. Calculate the amount of Maintenance Department costs that would be allocated to each robot model (on a per-unit basis) using the proposed ABC method.

c. Are cost allocations distorted using machine-hours as a single activity base? Explain your answer.
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