PHI 105 Entire Course

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PHI/105

INTRODUCTION
TO PHILOSOPHY


 

The Latest Version A+ Study
Guide


 

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PHI 105 Entire Course Link

https://uopcourses.com/category/phi-105/

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PHI 105 Week 1 Open-Book Philosophy
Quiz

Complete the
Open-Book Philosophy Quiz.

Submit your
Quiz as a Microsoft® Word® document to the Assignments tab.

 

Open-Book Philosophy Quiz

 

After reading this week’s
required readings, take this open-book philosophy quiz. Answer the following
questions in paragraph form in 50 to 100 words each. This is a
short-answer worksheet, not an essay composition.

 

1.    
What is philosophy? Include a
brief description of the different branches of philosophy

2.    
What is an argument?

3.    
Identify which of the following
statements are arguments and which are not. 
Explain your answer.   

a. God exists.

b. I grew up in a religious family,
therefore I believe God exists.

c. God exists, because something must have
created the universe.

4.    
Identify and define at least
two fallacies. Give an example from your personal experience (what you have
heard, read, or said) for each fallacy.

5.    
Why do we attempt to avoid
fallacies?

 

 

PHI 105 Week 1 Short Essay:
Pre-Socratic Philosopher

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Select a Pre-Socratic
philosopher you feel had the most compelling ideas.

Write a 350- to 700-word essay
on the Pre-Socratic philosopher you selected. Introduce your essay with a
concise thesis statement, and follow up with supportive arguments. Complete
your essay with a logical conclusion.

Include the following in your
essay:


  • A summary of
    your selected philosopher’s ideas

  • Evidence the
    philosopher used to support his or her arguments

  • An
    explanation of why you find your selected philosopher’s ideas compelling

  • At least one
    practical example of one of the philosopher’s ideas



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 2 Socrates Essay

For this assignment, you
will choose from the following options:


  • Option 1:
    Socrates & the Afterlife

  • Option 2:
    Socrates & Knowledge



Read the instructions in the
University of Phoenix Material: Assignment Options: Socrates Essay, and select
one option to complete the assignment.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

Assignment Options: Socrates
Essay


 

For this
assignment, you will write a short paper on one of two topics about Socrates. Remember
to introduce your topic with a concise thesis statement, and follow up with
supportive arguments. Complete your essay with a logical conclusion paragraph.

 

For
examples of how to compose a clear essay, refer to the Center for Writing
Excellence Writing Wizard: https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/grammar/writingwizard.asp

 

 

Option 1: Socrates & the Afterlife

 

Read selections from The Phaedo, available in this week’s
Electronic Reserve Readings. Focus on paragraphs 107 to 115a (pp. 437–444).

 

Write a 700- to 1,050-word
essay on the following:

 

·
Why does Socrates not fear
death?

·
What are his views on death
and the afterlife?

·
Do you agree or disagree with
Socrates on this topic? 

·
Using the Socratic method and
The Good Thinker’s Tool Kit, formulate at least one question you would ask
Socrates about his views on the afterlife.

 

Format
your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

Option
2: Socrates & Knowledge


 

Read Meno, found on p. 56 of Philosophy:
The Power of Ideas
.

 

Write a 700- to 1,050-word
essay on the following:

 

·
What are Socrates’s ideas on
how we “come to know”?

·
What example does Socrates use
to prove his point? 

·
Do you agree with Socrates’s
ideas? 

·
Using the Socratic method and
The Good Thinker’s Tool Kit, formulate at least one question you would ask
Socrates about his views on knowledge.

 

Format
your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 3 Augustine and Skepticism

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Write a 350- to 700-word essay
assessing Augustine’s three refutations of total skepticism. Remember to
introduce your topic with a concise thesis statement and follow up with
supportive arguments. Complete your essay with a logical conclusion paragraph.


  • Include a
    description of the refutations.

  • Provide your
    opinion on the strength and validity of each.



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 3 Modern Metaphysics and
Epistemology Promotional Brochure

Four companies—Dualism, Inc., Materialism, Co., Idealism, LLC, and
Alternative Views, Ltd.—are competing for the right to claim that they are “The
Correct Metaphysical/Epistemological View.”

Select one
of these companies, and imagine that you are the company’s head of public
relations.

Create a
promotional brochure to promote your company’s viewpoint, using the Brochure
Builder. In your brochure, acknowledge the other companies’ positions, but
present convincing evidence as to why your position is superior and should be
chosen for this coveted award.

Submit your
brochure to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 4 Comparison Essay

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Write a 350- to 700-word essay
comparing Continental, Pragmatic, and Analytic philosophies.

In your essay, include:


  • Examples of
    the three schools.

  • A definition
    and description of each school of thought.

  • A comparison
    between all three schools.

  • At least one
    example from each that adequately describes the school's position on a
    topic of your choice.



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your essay as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 5 Ethical Theory
Comparison Chart

Complete the
Associate Level Material: Ethical Theory Comparison Chart.

Submit your
chart as a Microsoft® Word® document to the Assignments tab.

Ethical Theory Comparison Chart

 

Respond to the prompt for each of
the five ethical theories listed. One section on each chart has been filled in
as an example.

What is good? (1–2 sentences)




Aristotle
– Virtue Ethics


Mill
– Utilitarianism


Kant
– Deontology


Consequentialism


Noddings
– Care Ethics




 


For J.S. Mill, decreasing pain and
increasing pleasure is good. However, not all pleasure is the same. Mill
argues that intellectual pleasures are superior to bodily pleasures (Mill, Utilitarianism,
Chapter 2).


 


 


 




What path or rule do you follow to achieve the good? (1–2 sentences)




Aristotle
– Virtue Ethics


Mill
– Utilitarianism


Kant
– Deontology


Consequentialism


Noddings
– Care Ethics




For Aristotle, virtue is the way to
achieve the good.  Moral virtue is a
state of character and can only be acquired by habit.  In other words, we need to practice being
morally virtuous in order to be virtuous. 
Aristotle describes moral virtue as a mean.  We act morally, if we do the right thing,
at the right time, “with reference to the right objects, towards the right
people, with the right motive and in the right way” (Nicomachean Ethics, Book
II, 1 and 6; see also Moore and
Bruder, 2011, p. 265).


 


 


 


 




Assumptions or requirements (2–4 sentences)




Aristotle
– Virtue Ethics


Mill
– Utilitarianism


Kant
– Deontology


Consequentialism


Noddings
– Care Ethics




 


 


 


The first assumption is that after all is
said and done, only the results of our actions remain, therefore, the results
are what a moral theory should focus on. The second assumption is that we
love others as much as we love ourselves. This assumption means that we will
act to promote the overall good, so long as that action “does not hurt others
more” (Haines, 2006).


 




Provide
an example of how this ethical theory might work
(5
or more sentences)

 




Aristotle
– Virtue Ethics


Mill
– Utilitarianism


Kant
– Deontology


Consequentialism


Noddings
– Care Ethics




 


 


 


 


My best friend comes to me asking for
advice. She is having problems in her marriage and just found out she is
pregnant. Due to the economic downturn, she may lose her job in the coming
months. Her relationship with her husband is strained and is having a serious
emotional toll on her. She is considering an abortion. I am the carer and she
is the cared-for. I do not consider her unborn child because my friend is the
one in immediate pain or peril. I recommend counseling. I also try and gently
ask questions to see what options she has and what she has thought about. I
do not tell her what I think she should do in this case or what I think is
right or wrong. I only ask how I can help her.




 

Works Cited:

Moore,
B. N., & Bruder, K. (2011) Philosophy:
The power of ideas
. (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 5 Ethical Decision-Making
Analysis

Resource: Writing Wizard at theCenter for Writing Excellence

 Write a 700- to 1,050-word
essay examining five ethical decisions you made recently. Do not feel pressured
to disclose deeply personal situations; you can use the types of ethical
decisions that come up in everyday life.

Provide the following
information for each ethical decision:


  • A brief
    description of the cause or situation surrounding the need to make a
    decision.

  • A
    description of how you came to make the decision you did.

  • Identify
    which ethical theory best fit your decision-making process at the
    time. 

  • List the
    values reflected in the decision you made.

  • Now that you
    have studied ethics, would you have used a different ethical theory to
    make that decision? 



Conclude with your essay by
answering the following general questions:


  • Is there one
    ethical theory that you seem to follow most of the time? 

  • Why do you
    think this is? 



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 6 Comparing Political
Philosophy Theories

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Write a 350- to 700-word paper
describing the following political philosophy theories:


  • Social
    contract or contractarian (use at least two philosophers in your
    description)

  • Classic
    liberalism or libertarianism (use at least two philosophers in your
    description)

  • Marxism (use
    at least one philosopher in your description)

  • Communitarians
    (use at least one philosopher in your description)

  • Capabilities
    approach (use at least one philosopher in your description)



Follow your descriptions with a
conclusion answering the following questions:


  • How are
    these theories similar to one another?

  • How are they
    different from one another?

  • Do you find
    one philosophy more compelling than the others? If so, why?



Format your paper consistent
with APA guidelines.  

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 6 Final Project Proposal

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Write a 350- to 700-word topic
proposal introducing the topic for your final project, which will be due in
Week Nine. Your final project will be a slide presentation with speaker notes.

Choose a salient issue of
controversy to explore from your community, the nation, or the world.

Include the following in your
proposal. You will use this information later in your slide show and speaker
notes.


  • Description
    of the issue of controversy.

  • Discussion
    of how a feminist or postcolonialist (or both) would describe the roots of
    the problem

  • Discussion
    of the political or ethical theories that are in evidence in the
    controversy

  • Your
    proposed solution to the problem based on the readings and your own
    research

  • Description
    of why you think your approach would solve the problem better than current
    approaches



Find at least two
peer-reviewed sources in the University Library and discuss in your proposal
how those sources support or refute your opinions. The following are useful
resources that are available on the Multimedia page of the University Library:


  • Issues &
    Controversies

  • Issues &
    Controversies in American History

  • Global
    Issues in Context



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
 

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 7 Comparison Paper

For this assignment, you
will write an outline before you write your paper. Use the outline as an
organizational tool to help you arrange your thoughts logically. Construct your
outline after you have selected your topic and done your initial research.

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing
Excellence

Outline your paper using the
Thesis Generator at the Center for Writing Excellence; a link is available on
the student website. Your outline does not need to have complete sentences,
punctuation, or paragraphs.


  • Include some
    ideas for the following items in your outline:


    • Thesis statement

    • Itemized supportive arguments

    • Conclusion statement


  • Submit a
    screen shot of your Thesis Generator result.

  • Use the
    outline as a basic template to organize your ideas and develop this essay.



Write a 700- to 1400-word
essay exploring various schools of thought from India, China, or Japan. Select
one school of thought each from China, Japan, and India, and identify a
prominent thinker from each.


  • Describe
    each school of thought, setting forth the major principles of each school.

  • Describe
    your selected thinker’s philosophies as applicable to his/her school of
    thought.

  • Compare each
    school to the others from the region.

  • Discuss
    which school of thought more closely aligns with your own world view and
    why.



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 8 Persuasive Letter

Resource: Writing
Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Choose a
person from your own life to address in a letter.

Write that
person a 700- to 1400-word persuasive letter explaining how theology and
philosophy are different. Use arguments from at least one Christian source, one
Muslim source, and one Jewish source.

Write an
additional 150- to 300-word paragraph explaining why you selected to address
you letter to this individual.

Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your
paper as a Microsoft® Word® document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 9 Reading Analysis

Resource: Writing Wizard at the Center for Writing Excellence

Write two 350- to 700-word
essays: the first about one of the readings from Ch. 14 listed below, and the
second from one of the readings from Ch. 16 listed below. For each essay,
remember to introduce your topics with a concise thesis statement and follow up
with supportive arguments. Complete each essay with a logical conclusion.

Choose one of the following
readings from Ch. 14 and discuss how your selected reading illustrates the key
principles of feminist thought:


  • 14.2: Simone
    de Beauvoir

  • 14.3: Nancy
    Chodorow

  • 14.4: Carol
    Gilligan

  • 14.5: Sandra
    Harding

  • 14.6: Hélène
    Cixous

  • 14.7:
    Sherryl Kleinman



Choose one of the following
readings from Ch. 16 and discuss how your selected reading illustrates key
principles of postcolonialist thought:


  • 16.1:
    Léopold Sédar Senghor

  • 16.2: Martin
    Luther King Jr.

  • 16.3: Carlos
    Astrada

  • 16.4:
    Francisco Miró Quesada

  • 16.5: Sonia
    Saldivar-Hull

  • 16.6:
    Mohandas K. Ghandi



Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your paper as a Microsoft® Word®
document to the Assignments tab.

 

 

PHI 105 Week 9 Final Project

Create a 5- to 8-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation based on
the topic proposed in Week Six.

Include the following in your
presentation:


  • Description
    of the issue of controversy.

  • Discussion
    of how a feminist or postcolonialist (or both) would describe the roots of
    the problem.

  • Discussion
    of the political or ethical theories that are in evidence in the controversy.

  • Your
    proposed solution to the problem based on the readings and your own
    research.

  • Description
    of why you think your approach would solve the problem better than current
    approaches.



Cite at least two
peer-reviewed sources and include a reference list at the end of the
presentation. The following are useful resources that are available on the
Multimedia page of the University Library:


  • Issues &
    Controversies

  • Issues &
    Controversies in American History

  • Global
    Issues in Context



Provide detailed speaker notes.

Submit your Microsoft® PowerPoint®
presentation to the Assignments tab.

 

 
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