W2A BUS610

Introduction –           

“M.R. Jones (1955) defined motivation as what starts behavior, what maintains behavior, and what stops behavior” (as cited in Baack, 2012, p. 99).  Motivation within the workplace is important in order to improve employee morale and boost productivity.  In order to promote high levels of motivation in the workplace, managers must understand certain factors that affect motivation both from a management perspective as well as an employee’s perspective (Baack, 2012).  Certain management issues within the workplace, such as inadequate leadership style, can inhibit motivation within the workplace.  Process theories such as Heider and Kelley’s attribution theory can explain some of the issues grounded in management techniques while theories of motivation such as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs or Alderfer’s ERG theory can provide insight into employee issues (Baack, 2012).  Motivation issues within the workplace directly affect work performance and job satisfaction, and using theories of motivation and process theories can provide valuable insight necessary to boost employee performance and satisfaction (Baack, 2012). 
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