LP2 Comprehensive Practice Exam Part II

LP2 Comprehensive Practice Exam Part II

Deferred Income Taxes. (Chapter 19)
In 2015, the initial year of its existence, Dexter Company's accountant, in preparing both the income statement and the tax return, developed the following list of items causing differences between accounting and taxable income:

1. The company sells its merchandise on an installment contract basis. In 2015, Dexter elected, for tax purposes, to report the gross profit from these sales in the years the receivables are collected. However, for financial statement purposes, the company recognized all the gross profit in 2015. These procedures created a $500,000 difference between book and taxable incomes. The future collection of the installment contracts receivables are expected to result in taxable amounts of $250,000 in each of the next two years. (Note: the company treats installment contracts receivable as a current asset on its balance sheet.)
2. The company has also chosen to depreciate all of its depreciable assets on an accelerated basis for tax purposes but on a straight-line basis for accounting purposes. These procedures resulted in $60,000 excess depreciation for tax purposes over accounting depreciation. The temporary difference due to excess tax depreciation will reverse equally over the three year period from 2016-2018.
3. Dexter leased some of its property to Baker Company on July 1, 2015. The lease was to expire on July 1, 2017 and the monthly rentals were to be $60,000. Baker, however, paid the first year's rent in advance and Dexter reported this entire amount on its tax return. These procedures resulted in a $360,000 difference between book and taxable incomes. (Note: this lease was an operating lease and Dexter classified the unearned rent as a current liability on its balance sheet.)
4. Dexter owns $200,000 of bonds issued by the State of Oregon upon which 5% interest is paid annually. In 2015, Dexter showed $10,000 of income from the bonds on its income statement but did not show any of this amount on its tax return. (Note: these bonds are classified as long-term investments on Dexter's balance sheet.)
5. In 2015, Dexter insured the lives of its chief executives. The premiums paid amounted to $12,000 and this amount was shown as an expense on the income statement. However, this amount was not deducted on the tax return. The company is the beneficiary.

Instructions

Assuming that the income statement of Dexter Company showed "Income before income taxes" of $1,500,000; that the enacted tax rates are 30% for all years; and that no other differences between book and taxable incomes existed, except for those mentioned above:

(a) Compute the income taxes payable.
(b) Prepare a schedule of future taxable and (deductible) amounts at the end of 2015.
(c) Prepare a schedule of deferred tax (asset) and liability at the end of 2015.
(d) Compute the net deferred tax expense (benefit) for 2015.
(e) Make the journal entry recording income tax expense, income taxes payable, and deferred income taxes for 2015.
(f) Indicate how income tax expense and any deferred income taxes should be disclosed on the financial statements under generally accepted accounting principles. Show the amounts for these items and indicate specifically where they would be disclosed.
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