Multiple Choice During the course of her career

Multiple Choice During the course of her career

1.   Which of the following statements about the facilitation of language development in infants and toddlers is false?
   A. Because young infants can't use verbal language, adults can best facilitate language development by using nonverbal interactions.
   B. Language development is enhanced through infant mimicking of adults, as well as through adult mimicking of infants.
   C. Babies learn conversational turn-taking through nonverbal interactions, then through vocalizations, and eventually through verbalizations.
   D. Adults can use labeling, repetition, and expanding to help facilitate language development in infants and toddlers.
Question 2 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
2.   Which of the following statements about early childhood art is false?
  
   A. Art is best learned when adults identify the product to be created and children choose the process used to make the product.
   B. Art is defined as self-expression through the use of various mediums.
   C. Art is a form of communication.
   D. Art should be encouraged in more than one area of the classroom or family child care home.
Question 3 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
3.   During the course of her career as an early childhood professional, your textbook's author has seen children use _______ in the study of art, social studies, and drama.
  
   A. blocks
   B. butterfiles
   C. calculators
   D. kites

Question 4 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
4.   A conversation at which level of listening would most closely resemble the way children engage in parallel play?
  
   A. Level 2
   B. Level 3
   C. Level 4
   D. Level 1
Question 5 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
5.   Nine-month-old Kayla plays with a shape-sorting ball. After several tries, Kayla learns that only one shape will fit into each space. Kayla's ability to discriminate shapes is an example of an early _______ skill.
  
   A. science
   B. algebra
   C. geometry
   D. social
Question 6 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
6.   Preschool teacher Henry Pittman wants to help his students learn about measurement. Which of the following activities is least likely to help Potter meet his goal?
  
   A. Looking for spontaneous opportunities to study measurement throughout the day
   B. Developing a project in which children measure different objects in the environment with a variety of standard and nonstandard measuring tools
   C. Providing a variety of measurement tools for children to explore based on their individual interests
   D. Having the children color worksheets filled with facts about measurement

Question 7 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
7.   Toddlers, preschoolers, and school age children need _______ experiences to learn math concepts.
  
   A. abstract
   B. simple
   C. concrete
   D. complex
Question 8 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
8.   Children at Happy time Preschool take a field trip every year to a local fruit market. In Ms. Susie's class, the children are exploring the concepts of producer and consumer. When they go to the fruit market, each child will have some money to spend on products. Which social studies topic is Susie's class exploring?
  
   A. Economics
   B. Accounting
   C. History
   D. Geography
Question 9 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
9.   To promote emergent literacy in infants and toddlers, all but one of the following are recommended. Which is not recommended?
  
   A. Sharing cardboard books with infants
   B. Talking to them with simple language
   C. Reading to toddlers while holding them on one's lap
   D. Modeling of reading and writing behavior
Question 10 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
10.   To help his students learn about time, Steve Wong prepares a project to study the seasons and the phases of the moon. This project should help his students learn about which aspect of time?
  
   A. Learning how to schedule in various time increments
   B. Noticing sequences that occur in the normal course of the day
   C. How to deal with time symbolically by reading clocks and calendars
   D. Understanding the cyclical nature of time
Question 11 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
11.   According to the NAEYC/IRA position statement "Learning to Read and Write," the most important period for literacy development is _______ years of age.
  
   A. birth to 4
   B. 2 to 6
   C. birth to 8
   D. 4 to 8
Question 12 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
12.   A group of first graders is studying the ocean. Amelia makes a dolphin out of papier-mâché. Juan Jose uses watercolors to paint a picture of an ocean landscape. Chris sketches several types of saltwater fish. Which of the students is creating three-dimensional art?
  
   A. Chris
   B. Juan Jose
   C. Amelia
   D. Amelia, Juan Jose, and Chris
Question 13 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
13.   _______ are two of the basic characteristics of true art.
  
   A. Self-expression and free exploration
   B. Timelessness and universality
   C. Enjoyment and meaning
   D. Emergence and holism
Question 14 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
14.   All but one of the following are literacy skills that most children learn, without any formal lessons, by the age of five. Which is not a literacy skill of this type?
  
   A. Understanding of the value and functions of print
   B. Connection of written words (symbols) with sounds
   C. Recognition of environmental print (such as brand names, signs, and logos)
   D. Realization of the existence of conventional spelling
Question 15 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
15.   According to constructivist researchers Kamii and DeVries, the two basic science concepts through which children learn physical knowledge are
  
   A. change and movement.
   B. quantity and investigation.
   C. volume and mass.
   D. construction and deconstruction.
Question 16 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
16.   Kitty Ritz's story from the text, which shares her experiences with Family Reading Day, demonstrates which point about emergent literacy?
  
   A. Adults have a big influence on the process of developing literacy skills.
   B. Emergent-literacy approaches are more holistic and integrated than reading-readiness approaches.
   C. Children come to recognize themselves as readers through a process.
   D. Writing and drawing tools should be available to children on a daily basis to encourage exploration of literacy.
Question 17 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
17.   Which of the following is the best definition of logico-mathematical knowledge?
  
   A. Knowledge about the relationships between objects
   B. Knowledge of the physical world that's learned socially
   C. Knowledge of the physical world that's learned through concrete experiences
   D. Knowledge of math and science concepts
Question 18 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
18.   School-age children generally develop writing skills in which sequence?
  
   A. Expressive writing, expository writing, story writing
   B. Expressive writing, story writing, expository writing
   C. Expository writing, story writing, expressive writing
   D. Story writing, expository writing, expressive writing
Question 19 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
19.   To facilitate the art process in her students, kindergarten teacher Kimberly Caves should do which of the following?
  
   A. When they're making art, show interest by questioning them often about what they're making
   B. Display the best pieces of art in the hallway
   C. Provide a variety of materials and the freedom to use them as the children choose
   D. Encourage them to work alone so they can focus on what they're creating
Question 20 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
20.   Three-year-old Lucretia conducts an experiment at playtime. She collects sand and then dumps it into a puddle of water. She mixes the sand and water until it's just the right consistency for her. Several times, Lucretia smushes the mixture between her hands and watches it ooze out. In no time, two other children have come over to Lucretia's mixture and put their hands in also. Next the three of them gather some sand toys and begin making cakes with the mixture. As they share their cakes, another child joins in. This is an example of
  
   A. behavior contagion.
   B. webbing.
   C. logico-mathematical knowledge building.
   D. one-to-one correspondence.
Question 21 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
21.   Which of the following statements about young children's construction of physical knowledge is false?
  
   A. Children learn best when they're able to clearly see how an object reacts to their actions.
   B. Children learn best when they have the opportunity to repeat the same action in the same way multiple times.
   C. Children learn more when there's a strong connection between what they do, and how the object or substance responds.
   D. Children learn more from an immediate reaction than from a long-term reaction.
Question 22 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
22.   The child's family, the community in which the child lives, and the child's kindergarten classroom and school are _______ systems relevant to a five-year-old child.
  
   A. social
   B. artistic
   C. conceptual
   D. intelligence
Question 23 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
23.   Your text describes a teacher who developed a method called teeth stories to teach her kindergarten and first-grade children. Which skill(s) does the teacher hope to help her students develop by using this method?
  
   A. Shapes and geometry
   B. Addition and subtraction
   C. Care of the human body and hygiene
   D. Telling time
Question 24 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
24.   All but one of the following language differences can be expected between eight-year-old Monty and his five-year-old sister Louise. Which should not be expected?
  
   A. Unlike Louise, Monty is able to put adult criticisms and advice into perspective.
   B. His more advanced reading and writing skills will contribute to a much larger vocabulary for Monty than for Louise.
   C. Monty will use more humor than Louise, and he'll also be more argumentative.
   D. Monty's conversations will run deeper and go on longer than Louise's conversations.
Question 25 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
25.   Which of the following statements about nature study in early childhood is false?
  
   A. Nature study should include lots of hands-on experimentation with animals and their habitats.
   B. It's more challenging to study biology and ecology than some of the other branches of science, like physics, in the early childhood setting.
   C. Part of studying nature in early childhood includes learning a basic respect for nature.
   D. As children construct knowledge about nature, they also need to learn connections about the interdependence of nature and humans.
Question 26 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
26.   Kindergarten teachers Michelle Sampson and Shaniqua Williams want to use webbing to plan their curriculum for the upcoming year. After choosing their topic, what will their next step be?
  
   A. Writing down ideas related to their topic on separate slips of paper
   B. Checking out each other's ideas and making suggestions as needed
   C. Brainstorming ideas and transferring all these ideas to a single sheet of paper
   D. Arranging their ideas into groups of related ideas
Question 27 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
27.   The majority of five- and six-year-olds can do which of the following?
  
   A. Be effective at inventive spelling
   B. Explore, experiment, and play with language in creative ways
   C. Print their names and some other words
   D. Produce short pieces of expressive writing
Question 28 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
28.   In a lecture on child development, a psychology professor says that, "language is caught, not taught." What does this professor mean?
  
   A. One doesn't need formal lessons to learn language.
   B. Language learning is dependent on cognition.
   C. Language is both active and receptive.
   D. In language development, comprehension comes before usage.
Question 29 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
29.   Seven-year-old Allison goes to the beach every year with her family. On each vacation, Allison has played with sand, pouring it back and forth into different containers. This year Allison shows her grandfather two different-shaped containers, each containing sand, and says, "Look! It's the same amount of sand in each bucket. Even though this one looks like a lot more. Cool!" Allison is demonstrating which skill?
  
   A. Construction
   B. Conservation
   C. Behavior contagion
   D. Object permanence
Question 30 of 30 : Select the best answer for the question.
30.   Which of the following statements about early childhood learning of math concepts is true?
  
   A. Children are capable of learning about a variety of measurement instruments, including thermometers, speedometers, odometers, and clocks.
   B. Children shouldn't be taught about money, because this increases their focus on materialism and consumerism.
   C. Young children are capable of learning about measurement, time, and money, but they have difficulty grasping concepts like space, physical property, and motion.
   D. To avoid confusion when learning measurement, early childhood professionals should be sure to use only standard measurement tools.



 
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