SCI 220 Entire Course

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 SCI/220

HUMAN NUTRITION



The Latest Version A+ Study Guide



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SCI 220 Entire Course Link

https://uopcourses.com/category/sci-220/

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SCI 220 Week 1 Day 3 Participation: Diagnostic Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences taking this week’s “Build Your Proficiency” Diagnostic.

Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 3 in the discussion area below:

How did you do on the diagnostic this week?
Based on the diagnostic, what concepts do you plan to focus on in preparation for the weekly exam?
SCI 220 Week 1 Day 5 Participation: Create-a-Plate Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences completing the Week 1 Create-a-Plate activities listed below:

Create-a-Plate: Create a Balanced Snack
Create-a-Plate: Create a Lunch Using MyPlate
Create-a-Plate: Create a Gluten-Free Dinner
Create-a-Plate: Create a High Fiber Breakfast
Post a 150-word response to at least 2 of the following Discussion Prompts by Day 5 in the discussion area below:

Why is it important to eat a balanced snack? What can you do to ensure your snacks are nutritious?
How can you use MyPlate to create a healthy meal plan?
What advice would you give to someone that just discovered that they have a sensitivity to gluten?
What is one benefit of eating a high fiber breakfast? What can you do to ensure you are eating enough fiber for breakfast?
SCI 220 Week 1 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 1 Exam.

Complete the Week 1 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 1: Nutrition: Everyday Choices
Ch. 2: Guidelines for a Healthy Diet
Ch. 3: Digestion: From Meals to Molecules
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

Test Bank, Question 11

Your answer is correct.
All of the following are examples of lipids except

cholesterol.


saturated fat.


sugars.


unsaturated fat.




Test Bank, Question 6

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding phytochemicals is true?

They are essential for life.


They are always harmful to our health.


They are found in plant foods.


They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet.




Test Bank, Question 63

Your answer is correct.
Healthy eating requires you to give up your favorite low nutrient-dense foods.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 16

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is associated with overnutrition?

Anemia


Failure to thrive


Obesity and Type 2 diabetes


Osteoporosis




Test Bank, Question 51

Your answer is correct.
All six classes of nutrients play important roles in regulating body processes.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 55

Your answer is correct.
Chronic overconsumption of kcalories and certain nutrients from foods can cause health problems.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 13

Your answer is correct.
With the exception of _______, all the classes of nutrients are involved in forming and maintaining the body’s structure.

carbohydrates


lipids


minerals


vitamins




Test Bank, Question 47

Your answer is correct.
Minerals are organic molecules that are needed in small amounts to maintain health.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 37

Your answer is correct.
The Dietary Reference Intakes are only concerned with the correction of nutrient deficiencies.

True


False


Test Bank, Question 19

Your answer is correct.
MyPlate:

divides foods into 4 groups.


illustrates the appropriate proportions of food.


replaces the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.


All of these are characteristic of MyPlate.




Test Bank, Question 4

Your answer is correct.
All of the following are characteristics of the Dietary Reference Intakes EXCEPT:

the standards are designed to prevent nutrient deficiency.


the standards are designed to reduce the risk of chronic disease.


there are two sets of standards, one for healthy people and one for when someone is sick.


they can be used to determine if a person’s diet provides adequate amounts of the essential nutrients.




Test Bank, Question 77

Your answer is correct.
If you ate the entire box, how many calories from fat would you have consumed?

110


220


250


500




Test Bank, Question 40

Your answer is correct.
A limitation of the information obtained from population health and nutrition surveys is that the information cannot be used if the nation is meeting health and nutrition goals.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 64

Your answer is correct.
Food labels are designed to help consumers make wise food choices at the point of purchase.

True


False




Bank, Question 29

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following pieces of information is NOT required on the foods label?

Name of the product


Total weight or volume of the contents


Name, address and website of the manufacturer, distributor or packager


Ingredients in descending order by weight




Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
Beans and peas are good sources of the nutrients found in both vegetables and protein foods, so they can be counted in either food group.

True


False


Test Bank, Question 61

Your answer is correct.
MyPlate emphasizes the importance of proportionality, moderation, and nutrient density, but not variety.

True


False


Test Bank, Question 27

Your answer is correct.
The mass of chewed food that is swallowed is called

bicarbonate.


the bolus.


chyme.


pepsin.




Test Bank, Question 13

Your answer is correct.
Factors that influence transit time include all of the following EXCEPT the

composition of the meal.


emotional status of the individual.


use of certain medications.


all of these influence transit time.




Test Bank, Question 67

Your answer is correct.
The _____ system eliminates the majority of nitrogen-containing metabolic waste products.

circulatory


integumentary


respiratory


urinary




Test Bank, Question 30

Your answer is correct.
_____ is a circular muscle that acts as a valve, opening and closing to allow the gastric contents to move throughout the GI tract.

Connective tissue


The lumen


A sphincter


The rectum




Test Bank, Question 6

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following substances is not absorbed by the human body?

Amino acids


Fatty acids


Fiber


Sugars




Test Bank, Question 17

Your answer is correct.
Enzymes are substrate specific, meaning that lipases will only digest lipids.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 16

Your answer is correct.
Amylase is a hormone that digests carbohydrates.

True


False




Test Bank, Question 63

Your answer is correct.
As compared to when you are at rest between meals, when you have eaten a meal, a ____________ proportion of your blood goes to your digestive system.

smaller


the same


greater


SCI 220 Week 2 Day 3 Participation: Diagnostic Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences taking this week’s “Build Your Proficiency” Diagnostic.

Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 3 in the discussion area below:

How did you do on the diagnostic this week?
Based on the diagnostic, what concepts do you plan to focus on in preparation for the exam?
SCI 220 Week 2 Day 5 Participation: Create-a-Plate Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences completing the Week 2 Create-a-Plate activities listed below:

Create-a-Plate: Create a Dinner High in Whole Grains and Fiber
Create-a-Plate: Create a Breakfast Low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol
Create-a-Plate: Create a High Protein Snack
Create-a-Plate: Create a Vegetarian Dinner with Complementary Protein
Post a 150-word response to at least 2 of the following Discussion Prompts by Day 5 in the discussion area below:

What is one benefit of eating a dinner high in whole grains? What can you do to ensure you are eating enough whole grains for dinner?
Why is it important to avoid saturated fat and cholesterol? What can you do to minimize your saturated fat and cholesterol intake?
What is one benefit of eating a high fiber snack? What can you do to ensure you are eating enough protein?
What advice would you give to someone that wants to become vegetarian, but is considered about not getting enough protein in their diet?


SCI 220 Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 2 Exam.

Complete the Week 2 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 4: Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches, and Fibers
Ch. 5: Lipids, Fats, Phospholipids, and Sterols
Ch. 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

Test Bank, Question 68

Your answer is correct.
All of the following statements are true about the typical US diet and carbohydrate recommendations EXCEPT:

Adults typically eat the recommended amount of fiber.


Most adults meet the recommendations for the amount of carbohydrate they should have each day.


Most of the carbohydrate in the diet comes from refined carbohydrate sources.


The diet is higher in added sugar than is recommended.




Test Bank, Question 50

Your answer is correct.
When there is not sufficient carbohydrate to completely metabolize fatty acids, these molecules form:

amino acids.


carbon dioxide.


ketones.


oligosaccharides.
Test Bank, Question 18

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is a major dietary source of soluble fiber?

Beans


Broccoli


Maltose


Wheat bran




Pre-Lecture, Question 19

Your answer is correct.
Positive nitrogen balance:

occurs when more nitrogen is excreted than consumed


indicates that the body is losing weight


occurs when the body is growing


does not exist since nitrogen intake always equals nitrogen output




Test Bank, Question 21

Your answer is correct.
Which type of complex carbohydrates are depicted in the visual?

Insoluble fiber


Starch


Soluble fiber


Starch and Soluble fiber




Test Bank, Question 29

Which of the following statements regarding the incidence of lactose intolerance is correct?

Native Alaskans have the lowest incidence of lactose intolerance.


This map illustrates the dramatic variation in the incidence of lactose intolerance worldwide.


Different races and ethnicities have varying rates of incidence of lactose intolerance.


Those living in South America have the lower incidence of lactose intolerance than those living in southern Africa.




Test Bank, Question 56

Your answer is correct.
Your friend Jason has diabetes and developed hypoglycemia. Of the following situations, which is the most likely reason why he developed hypoglycemia?

He ate too much refined carbohydrate.


He drank too much water.


He took too much of his medication that is used to control his blood sugar.


It was probably warm outside and he sweat excessively.




Test Bank, Question 64

Your answer is correct.
_____fiber lowers blood cholesterol levels.

Insoluble


Indigestible


Refined


Soluble




Test Bank, Question 29

Your answer is correct.
Which two lipoproteins deliver triglycerides to body cells?

Chylomicrons & VLDL


HDL & LDL


LDL & VLDL


VLDL & HDL




Test Bank, Question 119

Your answer is correct.
One egg contains __ % of the daily recommendation for cholesterol intake.

20


200


67


50




Test Bank, Question 121

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following foods is lowest in saturated fat?

Whole milk


Bacon


Cheddar cheese


Eggs




Test Bank, Question 28

Your answer is correct.
The remains of chylomicrons:

are converted into glycerol


bind to an LDL receptor


consist mostly of free fatty acids


travel to the liver to be disassembled




Test Bank, Question 5

Your answer is correct.
The lipid that makes up most of the lipids in our body is:

cholesterol


lecithin


phospholipid


triglyceride




Test Bank, Question 12

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is not a tropical oil?

Coconut oil


Palm kernel oil


Palm oil


Safflower oil




Test Bank, Question 20

Your answer is correct.
After long-chain fatty acids have been absorbed into the mucosal cells, they are re-assembled into:

cholesterol


fat-soluble vitamins


micelles


triglycerides




Test Bank, Question 118

Your answer is correct.
When weight is gained, how does it affect the tissue cells that are illustrated in this micrograph?

Photo credits: (left) Karen Kasmauski/NG Image Collection, (right) Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold, Inc.

The triglyceride droplets enlarge in size.


The triglyceride droplets increase in number.


The triglyceride droplets remain unchanged.


The triglyceride droplets shrink in size.






Test Bank, Question 25

Your answer is correct.
Since chylomicrons are too large to enter the capillaries in the small intestine, they pass into the:

gallbladder


large intestine


lymph


stomach




Test Bank, Question 53

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is NOT a common food allergen?

Chicken


Eggs


Low-fat milk


Wheat germ




Test Bank, Question 69

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is the most likely responsible for the health-promoting effects (reduced incidence of obesity, high blood pressure, and some types of cancer) of vegetarian diets?

High intake of fiber


High intake of tofu


Low intake of sodium


The total dietary pattern




Test Bank, Question 42

Your answer is correct.
Marasmus is a form of malnutrition that negatively impacts which of the following developing organs the worst?

The brain


The liver


The kidneys


The teeth




Test Bank, Question 19

Your answer is correct.
_________ , an enzyme, is produced in the stomach and breaks some of the peptide bonds in polypeptide chains.

Amylase


Denaturase


Dipeptidase


Pepsin
Test Bank, Question 45

Your answer is correct.
Why is protein-energy malnutrition more common in children than adults?

The child’s stomach cannot digest protein from the diet.


Adults eat protein sources from the diet that have a higher absorption rate.


Because children are growing, their protein needs per unit body weight are higher.


Children do not eat enough total calories so that protein must be used as an energy source.




Test Bank, Question 14

Your answer is correct.
The three-dimensional shape of a protein is impacted by all of the following EXCEPT the

chemical properties of the amino acids.


folding of the polypeptide.


number of essential amino acids.


order of the amino acids.




Test Bank, Question 24

Review where digestive processes of protein occur. Select the letter that indicates where protein-digesting enzymes are released from this organ, which aids brush border enzymes to breakdown protein.

A


B


C


D




Test Bank, Question 10

Your answer is correct.
If the diet is deficient in one or more of the _____amino acids, the body must break down existing proteins to provide the amino acids.

nonessential


essential


dispensable


dipeptide


SCI 220 Week 3 Day 3 Participation: Diagnostic Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences taking this week’s “Build Your Proficiency” Diagnostic.

Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 3 in the discussion area below:

How did you do on the diagnostic this week?
Based on the diagnostic, what concepts do you plan to focus on in preparation for the exam?


SCI 220 Week 3 Day 5 Participation: Create-a-Plate Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences completing the Week 3 Create-a-Plate activities listed below:

Create-a-Plate: Create a Lunch Rich in Vitamin D
Create-a-Plate: Create a Breakfast Rich in Potassium
Create-a-Plate: Create a Lunch Rich in Calcium
Post a 150-word response to at least 2 of the following Discussion Prompts by Day 5 in the discussion area below:

What is one benefit of eating a lunch rich in Vitamin D? What can you do to ensure you are getting the daily recommended intake of Vitamin D?
Why is potassium intake an important component of a healthy diet? What can you do to ensure you are getting the daily recommended intake of potassium?
What advice would you give to someone that wants to address their calcium deficiency, but is lactose intolerant?


SCI 220 Week 3 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 3 Exam.

Complete the Week 3 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 7: Vitamins
Ch. 8: Water and Minerals
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

Test Bank, Question 44

Your answer is correct.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is particularly problematic because

it causes irreversible brain damage.


it causes microcytic anemia.


it prevents folate from being converted to one of its active forms.


its UL is set too high.




Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding vitamin A is FALSE?

Protein and zinc status are important for healthy vitamin A status.


Beta-carotene is the most potent vitamin A precursor.


Pepsin is necessary to release the vitamin A from protein-based sources.


Worldwide, vitamin A deficiency is rare.
Test Bank, Question 8

Your answer is correct.
The amount of a particular vitamin in a food depends on all of the following EXCEPT

how much of the food is consumed.


how the food is cooked.


how the food is stored.


what is added to the food during processing.




Test Bank, Question 3

Your answer is correct.
All of the following MyPlate food groups are good sources of folate except for the _____ group.

Dairy


Fruits


Grains


Vegetables




Test Bank, Question 78

Your answer is correct.
Women of childbearing age should consume _____ daily from fortified foods or supplements.

Folic acid


Vitamin D


Iron


Calcium






Test Bank, Question 33

Your answer is correct.
Niacin is synthesized in the body from the amino acid

alanine.


leucine.


riboflavin.


tryptophan.




Test Bank, Question 54

Your answer is correct.
A family member has been taking Vitamin C supplements, but is now wondering if he should continue to spend money on these supplements. What have you learned about Vitamin C that might help them with an evidence-based decision?

Excessive supplementation can cause dementia.


Vitamin C is known to prevent the common cold.


Excessive supplementation can interfere with drugs prescribed to prevent blood clotting.


Excessive supplementation can cause diarrhea and can interfere with drugs prescribed to slow blood clotting.




Test Bank, Question 28

Your answer is correct.
The active ______ coenzyme is needed to convert pyruvate into acetyl-CoA.

folate


niacin


riboflavin


thiamin




Test Bank, Question 41

Your answer is correct.
Based on the content in this visual, identify each of the three labeled parts in A:B:C order.

cysteine: homocysteine: methionine


homocysteine: cysteine: methionine


methionine: homocysteine: cysteine


methionine: cysteine: homocysteine




Test Bank, Question 26

Your answer is correct.
Mary needs to increase her thiamin consumption. Which of the following contains the most thiamin?

¼ c sunflower seeds


3 oz pork chop


3 oz rainbow trout


1 c oatmeal




Test Bank, Question 90

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements is true of vitamin E?



Supplements increase fertility even in people with adequate vitamin E status.


It is needed in energy metabolism.


Severe deficiency is a common problem in North America.


It is needed for night vision.


It protects cell membranes from oxidative damage.




Test Bank, Question 55

Your answer is correct.
The symptoms of vitamin C deficiency include gums that swell and bleed. Why does this occur?

The lack of vitamin C allows bacteria in the mouth to irritate the gums.


The lack of vitamin C decreases the pH of the mouth.


There is reduced collagen synthesis.


There is increased plaque formation around the gums.




Test Bank, Question 20

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is/are antioxidants?

Vitamin C.


Vitamin E.


Selenium.


All of these nutrients serve as antioxidants.
Test Bank, Question 26

Your answer is correct.
Phytic acid, tannins, and oxalates _____the absorption of many minerals.

decrease


increase


have no effect on


Test Bank, Question 10

Your answer is correct.
Adam has just returned from his long run of 6 miles in which he forgot his water bottle. Which of the following processes is most likely happening in Adam’s body?

The pituitary gland is signaling the liver to conserve energy.


The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus increasing the amount of water lost in the urine.


The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus decreasing the amount of water lost in the urine.


His thirst mechanism has become impaired.






Test Bank, Question 54

Your answer is correct.
When blood calcium levels are low, parathyroid hormone will

increase.


not change.


decrease.




Test Bank, Question 61

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following minerals stabilizes ATP’s structure?

Calcium


Magnesium


Phosphorus


Zinc




Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following minerals have a role in blood pressure regulation?

calcium and magnesium


calcium and phosphorus


phosphorus and magnesium


potassium and zinc




Test Bank, Question 34

All of the following minerals are needed for the functioning of antioxidant enzymes EXCEPT for

copper


phosphorus


sulfur


zinc




Test Bank, Question 88

Stem: Which of the following statements about iron is true?



Iron and calcium supplements should be taken together.


Heme iron is better absorbed than nonheme iron.


Vitamin C inhibits iron absorption.


Tomatoes are a good source of heme iron.


When iron levels are high, more iron is eliminated from the body in the urine.




Test Bank, Question 65

Your answer is correct.
The protein molecule that is found in red blood cells that transports oxygen to body cells is called

hapocorrin.


hemoglobin.


myoglobin.


transferrin.




Test Bank, Question 73

Your answer is correct.
Which deficiency disease would be common in the areas with selenium-deficient soils?

Cretinism


Hemochromatosis


Keshan disease


Pellagra




Test Bank, Question 35

Your answer is correct.
What occurs when a cofactor binds to an enzyme?

The enzyme is activated.


The enzyme is no longer able to function.


Minerals can more easily bind to the enzyme.


The enzyme can cross the cell membrane for transport.




Test Bank, Question 72

Your answer is correct.
Because selenium is part of the enzyme glutathione-peroxidase, it _____ the body’s need for vitamin E.

increases


has no effect on


decreases




SCI 220 Week 4 Day 3 Participation: Diagnostic Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences taking this week’s “Build Your Proficiency” Diagnostic.

Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 3 in the discussion area below:

How did you do on the diagnostic this week?
Based on the diagnostic, what concepts do you plan to focus on in preparation for the exam?


SCI 220 Week 4 Day 5 Participation: Create-a-Plate Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences completing the Week 4 Create-a-Plate activities listed below:

Create-a-Plate: Create a Low Calorie Lunch
Create-a-Plate: Create a High Iron Dinner
Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 5 in the discussion area below:

What advice would you give to someone that wants to lose weight by reducing their caloric intake, but isn’t sure where to start?
Why is iron intake an important component of a healthy diet? What can you do to ensure you are getting the daily recommended intake of iron?


SCI 220 Week 4 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 4 Exam.

Complete the Week 4 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 9: Energy Balance and Weight Management
Ch. 10: Nutrition, Fitness, and Physical Activity
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

Test Bank, Question 77

Your answer is correct.
In order to calculate a person’s BMI, you need to know the person’s



height and weight.


gender and body composition.


age and activity level.


lean body mass and waist circumference.


gender and weight.




Test Bank, Question 10

Your answer is correct.
_____ is the body mass attributed to non-fat body components, such as bone, muscle, and internal organs.

Body mass index


Fat mass


Healthy weight mass


Lean body mass




Test Bank, Question 15

Your answer is correct.
_____ measures an electric current traveling through the body and is used to determine body composition.

Air displacement


Bioelectrical impedance


Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry


Underwater weighing




Test Bank, Question 24

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following characteristics regarding energy balance is FALSE?

The more food that is put in front of people, the more they eat.


The location and proximity of fast-food or quick-service restaurants has no effect on the BMI of individuals who live in those communities.


Pre-packaged, convenience type foods are typically higher in fat and kcalories than foods prepared at home.




Test Bank, Question 25

Your answer is correct.
For most people, the majority of their total energy expenditure is from their

basal metabolism


energy intake


physical activity


thermic effect of food




Test Bank, Question 55

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is NOT a component of behavior modification?

Antecedents or cues that lead to a behavior


The behavior itself


Consequences of behavior, such as weight gain or anemia


Punishment for overeating




Test Bank, Question 32

Your answer is correct.
Gary is a 25 year old male. He is 6 feet 1 inches tall (1.85 m), weighs 195 pounds (88.6 kg), and his physical activity level is 1.48. Which of the following contributes the most to his estimated energy expenditure?

Age


Weight


Height




Test Bank, Question 26

Your answer is correct.
In general, non-exercise activity thermogenesis varies _____ between adult individuals.

minimally


moderately


tremendously


not at all




Test Bank, Question 34

Your answer is correct.
Based on the information depicted in the visual, which of the following statements is FALSE?

When you consume too many grams of carbohydrate, the excess can be stored as fat.


Fat is stored in adipose tissue.


Amino acids can be used for energy.


Excess protein in the diet will build larger muscles.




Test Bank, Question 16

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is NOT a method of determining body composition?

Air displacement in the BOD POD


Bioelectric impedance


Body mass index


Skinfold thickness measures




Test Bank, Question 62

Your answer is correct.
________ limits the amount of food that can be consumed.

Adjustable gastric banding


Alli


Gastric bypass


Liposuction




Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding weight loss drugs is FALSE?

Prescription, as well as over-the-counter weight loss drugs, are regulated by the FDA


Some of these drugs work by affecting brain neurotransmitters


Weight loss usually continues, even after you stop taking the drugs, as long has you have taken the drugs for 8 weeks


Some of these drugs work by decreasing fat absorption in the intestine




Test Bank, Question 29

Your answer is correct.
As compared to medium intensity exercise, such as hiking, fatty acids are used at a_____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during rest.

higher, lower


higher, higher


lower, lower


lower, higher




Test Bank, Question 35

Your answer is correct.
When an athlete “hits the wall”, which fuel has been depleted?

Creatine phosphate


Fat


Glycogen


Protein




Test Bank, Question 79

Your answer is correct.
The source of fuel in the first few seconds of exercise is



glucose made by the liver.


fatty acids.


protein.


ATP and creatine phosphate.


stored glycogen.




Test Bank, Question 33

Your answer is correct.
The predominate fuel used by muscle during a 10K race (~50 minutes) is

carbohydrate.


creatine phosphate.


fat.


protein.




Test Bank, Question 15

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding physical activity is FALSE?

Adults should include strength training activities 4-5 times a week.


Approximately one-third of American adults get no physical activity at all during their leisure time.


Greater health benefits can be obtained by exercising more vigorously or for a longer time.


Most Americans do not exercise regularly.




Test Bank, Question 38

Your answer is correct.
Based on the information in this visual, where can your muscles get glucose to fuel activity?

Dietary carbohydrates


Liver glycogen


Muscle glycogen


All of these are sources of glucose




Test Bank, Question 63

Your answer is correct.
Post-event meals should accomplish which of the following?

Replenish lost fluid and electrolytes


Replenish glycogen stores


Provide protein for building and repairing muscle tissue


All of these should be accomplished by a post-event meal




Test Bank, Question 30

Your answer is correct.
As compared to medium intensity activity, such as running for 45 minutes, amino acids are used at a _____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during high intensity exercise, such as sprinting 100 yards.

higher, lower


higher, higher


lower, lower


lower, higher
Test Bank, Question 81

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following occurs as a result of aerobic exercise training?



decrease in resting heart rate


all of the choices are correct


greater glycogen storage


more muscle mitochondria


increase in the number of red blood cells




Test Bank, Question 42

Your answer is correct.
Why is increasing the number of red blood cells an advantageous physiological change that occurs with aerobic training?

It allows oxygen to be transported to tissues.


It increases creatine phosphate concentration in muscles.


It allows more glycogen to be stored.


It prevents the breakdown of amino acids for fuel.




Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding carbohydrate loading is FALSE?

To carbohydrate load, one should consume 10-12 grams of carbohydrate/kg of body weight per day.


Carbohydrate loading is most appropriate as part of training plan.


Carbohydrate loading is more appropriate for those competing in short-duration events.


Trained athletes who follow a carbohydrate-loading plan can double their muscle glycogen content.




Test Bank, Question 27

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements regarding ATP production is FALSE?

Aerobic metabolism requires oxygen.


Carbohydrates, fats, and protein can be used to product ATP.


Most ATP is produced in the mitochondria.


The majority of ATP is produced by anaerobic metabolism.




Test Bank, Question 20

Your answer is correct.
If you do not rest enough between exercise sessions, which of the following statements is correct?

Both fitness and performance will still improve.


Fitness, but not performance, will still improve.


Performance, but not fitness, will still improve.


Neither fitness nor performance will improve.




SCI 220 Week 5 Day 3 Participation: Diagnostic Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences taking this week’s “Build Your Proficiency” Diagnostic.

Post a 150-word response to the following Discussion Prompts by Day 3 in the discussion area below:

How did you do on the diagnostic this week?
Based on the diagnostic, what concepts do you plan to focus on in preparation for the exam?


SCI 220 Week 5 Day 5 Participation: Create-a-Plate Discussion

In this discussion assignment, you discuss with the other members of your assigned Discussion Group your experiences completing the Week 5 Create-a-Plate activities listed below:

Create-a-Plate: Create a Dinner Rich in Folate
Create-a-Plate: Create a Healthy Snack for Seniors
Create-a-Plate: Create a School Lunch for Elementary School Students
Post a 150-word response to at least 2 of the following Discussion Prompts by Day 5 in the discussion area below:

What is one benefit of eating a dinner high in rich in folate? What can you do to ensure you are getting the daily recommended intake of folate?
What advice would you give to a senior that wants your help with learning how to snack healthier?
What advice would you give to parent that wants to learn how to create healthy lunches for a finicky eater?


SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 5 Exam.

Complete the Week 5 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

Ch. 11: Nutrition During Pregnancy and Infancy
Ch. 12: Nutrition from 1 to 100
Ch. 13: How Safe is our food supply?
Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.



Test Bank, Question 59

Your answer is correct.
This graph charts the growth rate of the infant. Which of the following is the correct interpretation of the information provided in this graph?

The infant’s birth weight is much higher than the general population.


The infant had weight gain that was much greater than expected from 15 to 18 months of age.


The infant’s birth weight is lower than the general population and has remained at this percentile into childhood.


This infant experienced catch-up growth between 3 and 6 months of age.




Test Bank, Question 70

Your answer is correct.
Newborn infants are given a shot of ____ at birth to prevent uncontrolled bleeding.

calcium


iron


vitamin D


vitamin K




Test Bank, Question 78

Your answer is correct.
At what point are infants ready for solid or semi-solid foods?

2 months of age


4-6 months of age


Infants can eat solid food immediately after being born


1 year of age






Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
As a general rule of thumb, an infant should ______ her birthweight by her first birthday.

double


triple


quadruple


Weight gain in infancy is not compared to birthweight




Test Bank, Question 45

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following foods is most commonly associated with mercury contamination?

Citrus fruits


Fish


Nuts


Tofu




Test Bank, Question 49

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of cocaine’s effects during pregnancy?

It is a central nervous system stimulant.


Use by the mother during pregnancy increases her risk for a miscarriage.


It is a large molecule; therefore, it does not cross the placenta and enter fetal blood.


Many of its effects during pregnancy occur because it constricts blood vessels, thereby reducing oxygen and nutrient delivery to the fetus.




Test Bank, Question 19

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following women has a greater risk of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy?

Susie, a 30 year old Caucasian mother of 2


Jenni, a 40 year old African American living in poverty


Staci, a 35 year old Hispanic mother of 1


Mildred, a Caucasian 20 year old college student




Test Bank, Question 37

Your answer is correct.
Because the majority of cell differentiation occurs during the ____ phase, this is the time when exposure to teratogens can do the most damage.

embryonic


fetal


implantation


zygote




Test Bank, Question 31

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Many women start pregnancy with diminished iron stores.


The RDA for iron during pregnancy is about 150% of that for nonpregnant women.


The majority of the iron transferred from the mom to the fetus occurs in the last trimester.


Meeting increased iron needs is achieved most easily through the increased consumption of whole-grain products and spinach.




Test Bank, Question 61

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is the only dietary intervention that has been shown to slow aging and extend life?

Consuming 10% of calories from olive oil


Exercising daily for 60 minutes


Cutting back on calorie intake


Eating 5-9 fruits and vegetables daily




Test Bank, Question 58

Your answer is correct.
Type of alcoholic liver disease that is not reversible is

alcoholic hepatitis.


cirrhosis.


fatty liver.


None of these are reversible.




Test Bank, Question 24

Your answer is correct.
These results most likely came from ____ studies.

animal


biochemical


clinical trial


epidemiological




Test Bank, Question 45

Your answer is correct.
The development of kidney failure becomes more prevalent with age; therefore, the amount of _______ in the diet must be reduced.

alcohol


carbohydrate


fat


protein






Test Bank, Question 16

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following statements about chronic disease risk is FALSE?

The longer someone has diabetes, the greater their risk of complications that can lead to the need for an amputation.


Elevated blood cholesterol levels during childhood are associated with higher mortality rate from heart disease as an adult.


Children with a blood pressure that is at the high end of normal are more likely to develop hypertension as an adult.


Children who drink high amounts of fruit juice are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes as an adult.






Test Bank, Question 41

Your answer is correct.
Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.

higher


lower


similar




Test Bank, Question 31

Your answer is correct.
Based on the distribution of beverage intake by weight in U.S. children and teens, which micronutrient intakes have been most impacted by these beverage choices?

Calcium and phosphorus


Calcium and niacin


Potassium and sodium


Zinc and iodine






Test Bank, Question 60

Your answer is correct.
The primary mechanism by which moderate consumption of alcohol lowers cardiovascular disease risk is that it

decreases triglyceride level in the blood.


decreases blood pressure.


increases cholesterol clearance from the digestive tract.


increases HDL.






Test Bank, Question 31

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the “cafeteria germ”?

Campylobacter jejuni


Clostridium botulinum


Clostridium perfringens


Salmonella




Test Bank, Question 53

Your answer is correct.
The _____ method of pest control combines chemical and non-chemical methods and emphasizes the use of natural toxins.

Environmental safety health hazard plan


Insect tolerance application process


Integrated pest management


Pesticide residue tolerance control




Test Bank, Question 51

Your answer is correct.
This graph shows pesticide contents found among samples of domestically-produced food versus imported food. Review the graph, and then select that statement that is FALSE.

The majority of domestic and imported foods contain no pesticide residues.


Pesticide residues exceeding tolerance limits are a greater issue for domestic rather than imported foods.


More domestic than imported foods contain pesticide residues.


All of these statements are false statements.




Test Bank, Question 8

Your answer is correct.
The _____ ensures the safety and quality of foods sold across state lines with the exception of red meat, poultry, and egg products.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Environmental Protection Agency


Food and Drug Administration


United States Department of Agriculture




Test Bank, Question 18

Your answer is correct.
The _______ step in the HACCP program enables the manufacturer to trace the source of the problem in the event of a food-borne illness outbreak.

Identify the critical control points


Establish critical limits


Establish monitoring procedure


Record keeping




Test Bank, Question 80

Your answer is correct.
Which of the following federal agencies does NOT work to ensure the safety of the GM plants and foods?

CDC


EPA


FDA


USDA




Test Bank, Question 73

Your answer is correct.
Genetic engineering has sped up the process of improving the traits of organisms. Which of the following describes the process of engineering a genetically modified plant?

Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture


Modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes


DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant


Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → DNA is integrated into chromosomes




Test Bank, Question 39

Your answer is correct.
Trichinella spriralis and Cryptosporidium parvum are

bacteria.


fungi.


mold.


parasites.
 
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