The flexible, waterproof, tough protective covering known as the skin is the largest organ in the body both by weight and surface area. Skin accounts for approximately 16% of the body’s weight. Healthy skin has a fine texture that is slightly moist, soft, and flexible. Varying in thickness, the skin is thinnest on the eyelids and thickest on the palms and soles. A callous can be caused by continuous friction on any part of the skin. The skin has appendages that include the hair, sweat and oil glands, and the nails. Composed of the substance known as keratin, this protein gives the skin its protective ability. The skin is slightly acidic in pH, which enables good immunity responses to intruding organisms. Normally the skin separates the internal environment from the external. However skin diseases and infections can invade that barrier. For this reason, a thorough understanding of the histology of the skin and its diseases and disorders is needed for a better position to give clients professional advice.

A bloodborne pathogen  is a specific cause of disease, such as a virus or bacteria.  “Bloodborne”  means carried by or in blood and certain other body fluids.  AIDS, hepatitis B and C, malaria, and syphillis are examples of diseases that are caused by bloodborne pathogens.

Infection and disease control is one of the most important aspects of being a professional salon operator  or owner.   Federal and state laws govern what must be done by operators  and owners to ensure the safety of the public and that no germs are allowed to spread uncontrolled. 

This course provides you with the necessary elements to help control dangerous disease-causing germs.  By following some very important basic procedures and by providing  a clean salon it will be easy to provide your clients with the very best professional care without  the fear of your clients becoming  infected by a disease agent.  It is important to understand that the removal of all disease-causing germs in a salon will be almost impossible, but the control of dangerous  levels is the key to providing  a safe salon. 

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

*Explain the structure and the composition of the skin.
*Identify the functions of the skin.
*Describe terms relating to skin disorders.
*Recognize which skin diseases/disorders may be dealt with in the salon and which should be referred to a physician.
*Identify online dermatology resources.

*Discuss bloodborne pathogens
*Identify two bloodborne pathogens  of concern in the workplace
*Explain how bloodborne pathogens  are transmitted
*List four high risk factor
*Discuss the precautions  to be used in the workplace.

*Sanitation,  disinfecting, and sterilization 
*Use of disinfectant products 
*Using disinfectants in the salon 
*Salon professionalism.
*Professional  Salon Environment
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