MGT 312 Week 3 Knowledge Check

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MGT 312 Week
3 Knowledge Check

 

Complete the Week 3 Knowledge Check

Week 3 Knowledge Check

The material presented
below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the
content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and
skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help
you master the material.

Personalized Study Guide Results 

Score
15 / 15






Concepts


Mastery


Questions





Factors that
affect group performance


100%


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Techniques to
reduce social loafing in groups


100%


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Techniques
for group decision making


100%


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




The
five-stage model of group development


100%


·        
10
·        
11
·        
12




Tactics for
effective group socialization


100%


·        
13
·        
14
·        
15




Concept: Factors that affect
group performance




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Materials on the concept


  • Process Losses and Performance

  • How Task Characteristics Affect Group Performance

  • Factors that Contribute to Group Cohesiveness





1.

What is the term used to
describe performance hitches that arise most exclusively from lack of
synchronization and enthusiasm among members of a group?

·        
A.

Process
dividends

·        
B.

Process
losses

·        
C.

Group
exclusivity signs

·        
D.

Group singularity signs





2.

Identify an accurate statement
about sequential task interdependence.

·        
A.

The
main cause of process losses in sequential task interdependence is duplication
of effort.

·        
B.

It
is easy to measure individual performance in sequential interdependence.

·        
C.

Total
group performance can be affected by a poorly performing member in sequential
interdependence.

·        
D.

The
occurrence of a mistake in a task is not carried forward till the end in
sequential interdependence.





3.

Tara, a college freshman, is a
talented singer and cheerleader. After various trials, she is offered a place
in both the college choir and the cheerleading squad. However, she cannot be a
part of both these groups because their practice schedules overlap. Both groups
have the same number of members and are equally successful in the college
community. However, the selection process for the choir is much more rigorous
and it is considered more of an honor to belong to the choir. Therefore, Tara
chooses to stay with the choir. In this case, which determinant of group
cohesiveness has Tara most likely considered while making her decision?

·        
A.

Competition

·        
B.

Group size

·        
C.

Success
rate

·        
D.

Exclusiveness



Concept: Techniques to
reduce social loafing in groups




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Materials on the concept


  • Social Loafing: A Problem in Group Motivation and Performance

  • Ways to Reduce Social Loafing





4.

Identify the most accurate
description of social loafing.

·        
A.

It
is the inclination of group members to exert relatively less effort when
working in a group than when working individually.

·        
B.

It
is the degree to which performance of one group member affects the total
performance of the group.

·        
C.

It refers to the situation in
which members of a group evaluate each others' performances on a task. 

·        
D.

It refers to the ease of gauging
the individual performances of every team member in a group task.





5.

What is an effective
technique to curb social loafing in work groups? 

·        
A.

Making
the work group as large as possible

·        
B.

Evaluating group performance only
on a collective basis

·        
C.

Refraining from appreciating
individual performances in a group

·        
D.

Dividing the work into specific
tasks for group members





6.

Aiden, a software
engineer, is a competent, hard-working, and disciplined employee. He is part of
a seven-member team working on a high-budget project. The other members of
Aiden's group are not as dependable as Aiden and often avoided the tasks
assigned to them. Consequently, Aiden has to work twice as hard to make up for
the incompetence of his group members. Eventually, Aiden starts to worry that
others are taking advantage of his efficiency. Deciding to put an end to this,
he started to cut back on his efforts. This brought down the productivity of
the whole group and Aiden's individual performance. What concept is illustrated
in this scenario?

·        
A.

Process
gain

·        
B.

Sucker
effect

·        
C.

Reciprocal
theory

·        
D.

Group
cohesiveness



Concept: Techniques for
group decision making




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Materials on the concept


  • Disadvantages of Group Decision Making

  • The Delphi Technique





7.

Identify the type of
faulty decision making in which members focus entirely on arriving at a common
agreement and overlook crucial information or potential risks in the process of
doing so.

·        
A.

Groupthink

·        
B.

Empowerment

·        
C.

Benchmarking

·        
D.

Critical
thinking





8.

Identify a disadvantage of group
decision making.

·        
A.

It
limits the generation of different ideas and suggestions.

·        
B.

It
increases the scope for factual errors and inaccuracy.

·        
C.

It
is a time-consuming process as it takes a lot of time to consult every member.

·        
D.

It decreases the degree of
acceptance of a decision among group members.





9.

An international
pharmaceutical corporation wants to decide on the composition of a particular
drug. The decision requires the opinions of experts, so a questionnaire is
created and sent to the R&D experts in all of the company's different
facilities. In two weeks' time, the questionnaires are filled and returned to
the headquarters. Analysts evaluate the data from the questionnaires and arrived
at a prospective composition for the drug. This is sent to the different
R&D teams again for confirmation and suggestions. The process is repeated
until an agreed-upon decision is made. Which group decision-making technique is
illustrated in this scenario?

·        
A.

Brainstorming
technique

·        
B.

Nominal
group technique

·        
C.

Delphi
technique

·        
D.

Unfocused
group technique



Concept: The five-stage
model of group development




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
10
·        
11
·        
12




Materials on the concept


  • Group Development Over Time: The Five-Stage Model





10.

Identify the stage of
Tuckman's five-stage model that immediately precedes the dissolving of the
group after the members have achieved their goals. 

·        
A.

Storming

·        
B.

Performing 

·        
C.

Norming

·        
D.

Adjourning





11.

What is true about the
norming stage of Tuckman's five-stage model?



·        
A.

It is characterized by conflicts
and arguments among group members.

·        
B.

It is the stage in which members
develop friendships and share common goals.

·        
C.

It is the stage in which members
leave the group after finishing their tasks.

·        
D.

It is the stage in which members
try to get familiar with each other.





12.

Ajima is part of a
five-member group at her company. The group is responsible for making
presentations and creating reports. To get the group started, Ajima tries to
get to know everybody on her team. Without any discussion of leadership, she
starts allocating tasks to the members of her group; this is met by resistance
and conflict. Eventually however, the group begins to understand Ajima's
leadership style and starts forming ties with each other and with Ajima. At the
end of this stage, they start agreeing on common rules for behavior. In what
stage of Tuckman's model is Ajima's group presently?

·        
A.

Adjourning 

·        
B.

Forming

·        
C.

Norming

·        
D.

Storming 



Concept: Tactics for
effective group socialization




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
13
·        
14
·        
15




Materials on the concept


  • Socialization and Role Orientation

  • Socialization Tactics





13.

In which type of role
orientation does a new employee exclusively follow predetermined instructions,
norms, rules, and guidelines of existing group members at an organization?

·        
A.

Institutionalized
role orientation

·        
B.

Individualized
role orientation

·        
C.

Personalized
role orientation

·        
D.

Creative role orientation





14.

Identify an accurate
difference between fixed and variable tactics.

·        
A.

Fixed tactics lead members to
develop a personalized role orientation, whereas variable tactics lead members
to develop an institutionalized role orientation.

·        
B.

Fixed tactics involve giving
newcomers proper information on specific phases of the initiation process,
whereas variable tactics do not.

·        
C.

Fixed tactics allow newcomers to
create innovative roles for themselves, whereas variable tactics do not.

·        
D.

Fixed
tactics base the process and the speed of socialization entirely on the
newcomer, while variable tactics do not.





15.

Sasha and Eric had applied
to different sororities in their college. On being accepted, Sasha found that
her sorority members were very friendly and welcoming. They seemed to enjoy
having her with them and explained the norms of their group. Sasha was very
comfortable and felt included in everything. Eric, on the contrary, had a rough
experience. His fraternity members were rude and did not bother to explain the
norms or include him in any activities of the fraternity. He was constantly
insulted and often, had to run errands for the senior members. Identify an
accurate statement among the following in the context of socialization tactics.

·        
A.

Sasha's sorority employs variable
tactics; Eric's employs fixed tactics.

·        
B.

Sasha's sorority employs random
tactics; Eric's employs sequential tactics.

·        
C.

Sasha's
sorority employs disjunctive tactics; Eric's employs serial tactics.

·        
D.

Sasha's sorority employs
investiture tactics; Eric's employs divestiture tactics.

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