Bill and Joyce Schnappauf

INTRODUCTION

The information below will allow you to prepare the 2012 federal tax return for Bill and

Joyce Schnappauf. The information is provided in three phases,
which correspond to the

three major components of computing income tax—gross income,
deductions and

losses, and property transactions. If your instructor assigns
these problems, at the end of

each major segment (i.e., Chapter 4, Chapter 8, and Chapter 12),
you should complete

the appropriate portions of the forms indicated. If you are not
using a tax software package,

you should not complete the second page of Form 1040 until you have
completed

Chapter 12.

Completing the tax return problem will help you understand the reporting procedures

for the information in each major segment of the text. In
addition, it will aid you

in reviewing the major topics discussed in the book; it serves as
an overview of the

course.

 

THE SCHNAPPAUF FAMILY

In 2012, Bill and Joyce Schnappauf live in Wakefield, R.I. Bill is
53, and Joyce is 51. Bill

is a district sales manager for USC Equipment Corporation, a Rhode
Island firm that

manufactures and distributes gaming equipment. Joyce is a
self-employed author of

children’s books. The Schnappaufs have three children, Will, 21,
Dan, 19, and Tom, 16.

In February 2013, the Schnappaufs provide the following basic
information for preparing

their 2012 federal income tax return:

1. The Schnappaufs use the cash method of accounting and file
their return on a calendar-year basis.

2. Unless otherwise stated, assume that the Schnappaufs want to
minimize the current year’s tax liability. That is, they would like to defer income when possible and take
the largest deductions possible, a practice they have followed in the past.

3. Joyce’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX

4. Bill’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX

5. Will’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX

6. Dan’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX

7. Tom’s Social Security number is XXX-XX-XXXX

8. The Schnappaufs do not have any foreign bank accounts or
foreign trusts.

9. Their address is 27 Northup Street, Wakefield, R.I. (02879).

10. The Schnappaufs do not wish to contribute to the presidential
election campaign.

PHASE I—CHAPTERS 1–4

The first phase of the tax return problem is designed to introduce
you to some of the tax forms and the supporting documentation (Forms W-2,
1099-INT, etc.) needed to complete a basic tax return. The first four chapters
focus on the income aspects of individual taxation. Accordingly, this phase of
the tax return focuses on the basic income concepts.

1. Bill’s W-2 is provided (Exhibit A-1). The 2012 W-2 includes his
salary ($94,000), bonus ($47,000), and income from group-term life insurance
coverage in excess of $50,000 ($121.44), and is reduced by his 7 percent
contribution ($6,580) to USC’s qualified pension plan. The company matches
Bill’s contribution to the plan.

2. The Schnappaufs receive two 1099-INTs for interest (Exhibits
A-2 and A-3), two 1099-DIVs for dividends (Exhibits A-4 and A-5), and a
combined interest and dividend statement (Exhibit A-6).

3. Joyce and her brother, Bob, are co-owners of, and active
participants in, a furniture-restoration business. Joyce owns 30 percent, and
Bob owns 70 percent of the business. The business was formed as an S
corporation in 2004. During 2012, the company pays $5,000 in dividends. The
basis of Joyce’s stock is $27,000.

4. The Schnappaufs receive a 2011 federal income tax refund of
$1,342 on May 12, 2012. On May 15, 2012, they receive their income tax refund from the
state of Rhode Island. In January 2013, the state mails the Schnappaufs a Form
1099-G (Exhibit A-7). Their total itemized deductions in 2011 were $22,854.

5. During 2012, Joyce is the lucky ninety-third caller to a local
radio station and wins $500 in cash and a stereo system. Despite repeated calls
to the radio station, she has not received a Form 1099—MISC. In announcing the
prize, the radio station host said that the manufacturer’s suggested retail
price for the stereo system is

$625. However, Joyce has a catalog from Supersonic Electronics
that advertises the system for $520.

6. The Schnappaufs receive a Form W-2G (Exhibit A-8) for their
winnings at the Yardley Casino in Connecticut.

7. On June 26, 2012, Bill receives a check for $17,400 from the
United Insurance Corporation. Though he was unaware of it, he was the
designated beneficiary of an insurance policy on the life of his uncle. The
policy had a maturity value of $16,980, and the letter from the company stated
that his uncle had paid premiums on the policy of $2,950 (Exhibit A-9).

8. Joyce is active in the school PTO. During the year, she
receives an award for outstanding service to the organization. She receives a
plaque and two $75 gift certificates that were donated to the PTO by local
merchants.

9. To complete phase I, you will need Form 1040, Schedule B, and
Schedule D.

 

INSTRUCTIONS: If you are using
tax software to prepare the tax return or are not completing

phases II and III of the problem, ignore the instructions that
follow. If you are preparing

the return manually, you cannot complete some of the forms used in
phase I until

you receive additional information provided in phase II or phase
III. Therefore, as a general

rule, you should only post the information to the appropriate form
and not compute

totals for that form. The following specific instructions will
assist you in preparing Part I

of the return.

a. The only form that can be totaled is Schedule B.

b. Only post the appropriate information to Schedule D. Do not
total any columns.

More information is provided in phase III of the tax return
problem.

c. Do not calculate total income or adjusted gross income on page 1 of
Form 1040.

d. Post the appropriate information on page 2 of Form 1040, but do
not total this

page, compute the federal tax liability, or determine the refund
or balance due.

PREPARATION AID: Tax forms and instructions can be downloaded from
the IRS’s home

page (http://www.irs.treas.gov). You can also download IRS
Publication 17, which is a

useful guide in preparing the tax return.

PHASE II—CHAPTERS 5–8

This is the second phase of the tax return problem you began at
the end of Chapter 4.This phase of the tax return incorporates the material
from Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 8 by providing you with information concerning the
Schnappaufs’ deductions for 2012. They provide you with the following
information.

1. Joyce writes children’s books for a variety of publishers. She
has been selfemployed since 2004. As a freelance writer, Joyce incurs costs
associated with preparing a manuscript for which she does not yet have a
contract. During the year, Joyce makes 4 business trips, each 3 days long, to
meet with various publishers. For shorter trips that are closer to home, she
either drives or takes the train and

returns the same day. On December 10, 2012, Joyce receives an
advance (see below) on her next book. Under the contract, Joyce is scheduled to
begin work on the book on February 1, 2013, and must have it completed by
November 30, 2013. The Schnappaufs’ home has 2 telephones. Joyce has a separate
phone number for her business. The information on Joyce’s business is listed
below.

Royalties (Exhibits A-10 to A-12)

Publisher’s advance $4,500

Office supplies 180

Train tickets 640

Airfare (4 trips) 1,800

Lodging (12 nights) 2,120

Meals (12 days) 510

Telephone ($28 monthly fee per phone line) 672

Internet provider 416

Cell phone, including business calls 876

Business-related postage 108

Printing/copying 217

Legal fees 1,100

Interest on auto 374

2. On January 2, 2012, Joyce purchases a new car to use in her
business. The car, a Volster, costs $15,200. Joyce pays $2,200 in cash and
finances the balance through the dealer. She uses the car 40 percent of the
time for business and drives a total of 10,500 miles during 2012. The total
expenses for the 10,500 miles driven are: repairs and maintenance, $320;
insurance, $735; and gasoline,$1,845.

The correct depreciation expense for 2012 is $608 ($15,200 × 40% ×
10%).

3. Joyce’s office is located in a separate room in the house and
occupies 375 square feet. The total square footage of the house is 2,500. The
Schnappaufs purchased the home on July 7, 1998, for $70,000. The local practice
is to allocate 10 percent of the purchase price to land. The depreciation
percentage for the office is 0.02564.

When Joyce started her business on January 1, 2004, the fair
market value of the house was $108,000. The total household expenses for 2012
are as follows:

Heat $2,170

Insurance 1,425

Electricity 690

Repairs to kitchen 2,750

Cleaning 1,510

4. Bill began work on his MBA at Denville University. He enrolled
in two courses,and paid $2,650 in tuition and $180 for books.

5. Bill and Joyce each contribute the maximum to their respective
IRA accounts in 2012. The IRA account is Joyce’s only retirement vehicle.
Bill’s basis in his IRA before the current year’s contribution is $26,000, and
Joyce’s basis is $36,000. The fair market value of Bill’s IRA on 12/31/12 is
$41,720, and the fair market value of Joyce’s IRA is $57,100. In addition, Bill
and Joyce contributed $2,000 to a Coverdell Education Savings Account for
Thomas.

6. On June 15, 2012, the Schnappaufs’ 2011 station wagon is
totaled in Hurricane

Ann. The car was purchased for $28,700 in November 2010. The
Schnappaufs

receive a check for $21,200 from Zippy Insurance Company that
represents the

fair market value of the car minus a $750 deductible. On June 26,
2012, they

replace the car with a 2012 station wagon. The new car costs
$31,400, and the

Schnappaufs receive a rebate check from the car’s manufacturer for
$2,500.

7. The hurricane also damages part of the Schnappaufs’ house. A
tree falls and makes a hole in the roof above the kitchen. Water damages the
kitchen, causing the new dishwasher to short out, and it has to be replaced. In
addition, the linoleum

floor has to be replaced. The cost of fixing the hole in the roof
is $1,000. The Schnappaufs receive $700 ($1,000 repair cost minus $300
deductible) to fix the roof. Information concerning the dishwasher and the
floor is as follows:

Property Dishwasher Floor

Date 3/30/12 3/16/12

Acquired

Original

Cost $780 $1,500

FMV

Before $780 $1,350

FMV

After 0 0

 

Reimbursement $380 $850

 

8. The Schnappaufs incur the following medical expenses (before
considering the

$700 reimbursement they receive from their health insurance
policy):

Medical premiums $3,800

Doctors 1200

Chiropractor 650

Dentist 1,900

Vet fees (family dog Sandy) 350

Prescription drugs 340

Over-the-counter drugs (aspirin, cough syrup) 175

In addition, Bill purchases an Exsoaligner machine for $700. The
machine was recommended by the chiropractor to help strengthen Bill’s back
muscles.

9. The Schnappaufs pay the following property taxes:

Wakefield house $7,700

Family car used by Bill (ad valorem) 480

Joyce’s car (ad valorem) 510

10. The Schnappaufs receive two Form 1098s for the cost of
interest on bank loans. They also pay interest on their personal credit cards.

Jefferson Trust 1098 (Exhibit A-13—Wakefield house)

Jefferson Trust 1098 (Exhibit A-14—Home equity)

Dempsey’s Department Store revolving account $191

Brooks’ Bargain Basement revolving account 67

Jefferson Trust bank card 212

The proceeds from the home equity loan were used to renovate their
kitchen and pay for Tom’s tuition to private school. The interest on the
portion of the loan used for private school tuition is $640.

11. Bill and Joyce make cash charitable contributions to the
United Fund Campaign

($1,750), Adelade University ($300), Tremon University ($2,000),
and Christ

the King Church in Kingston, R.I. ($2,600). The Schnappaufs have
documentation

to verify their cash contributions. They also donate property to
the Salvation

Army on July 15, 2012:

Property FMV Original Cost Date Acquired

Antique table $515 $225 1/4/01

Dishwasher 150 700 5/6/05

Sofa bed 160 800 13/14/07

Men’s suits (2) 140 540 Various

The Salvation Army acknowledges that these amounts represent the
fair market

value of the donated items.

12. The Schnappaufs incur the following expenses:

Type Amount

2010 tax preparation fee (paid in 2012) $ 900

Safety deposit box 35

Investment journals 405

Investment advice 875

Business publications (Bill) 550

Gambling losses 2640

13. Because Joyce is self-employed, they make federal estimated
tax payments of

$225 per quarter on April 15, 2012, June 15, 2012, September 15,
2012, and January 15, 2013. They also make estimated payments of $140 per
quarter to the state of Rhode Island on April 15, 2012, June 15, 2012,
September 15, 2012, and December 31, 2012.

14. Bill and Joyce paid $6,150 in tuition, $625 for books, and $7,630
for room and board for Will, a junior, to attend Springbrook State University.
They also paid $15,000 in tuition, $515 in books, and $8,130 in room and board
for Dan, a freshman at Prescott College.

15. Other information:

a. Joyce’s business is named Queensbridge Books, and her employer
I.D. number is 05-3456345.

b. The Salvation Army’s address is 15 High Street, Wakefield, R.I.
02879.

c. To complete phase II, you will need the following additional
forms: Schedule A, Schedule C, Schedule SE, and Forms 4562, 4684, 8283, 8606,
8829, and 8863.

INSTRUCTIONS: If you are using
tax software to prepare the tax return or are not completing

phase III of the problem, ignore the instructions that follow.

As in phase I, there are forms in phase II that cannot be completed
without additional

information which is provided in phase III. Therefore, as a
general rule, you

should only post the information to the appropriate form and not
compute totals for that

form. The following specific instructions will assist you in preparing
Part II of the return.

a. The only form that can be completed at the end of phase II is
Form 8283.

b. Do not calculate total income or adjusted gross income on page 1 of Form

1040.

c. Post the appropriate information on page 2 of Form 1040, but do
not total

this page, compute the federal tax liability, or determine the
refund or balance

due.

d. Do not calculate the total itemized deductions on Schedule A.

e. Do not total Joyce’s expenses on Schedule C.

f. Do not compute Joyce’s self-employment tax on Schedule SE.

g. Do not complete the summary section of Form 4562.

h. Complete Form 4684 only to the point at which adjusted gross
income is

requested.

i. On Form 8829, complete Part I, and only post the appropriate
indirect

expenses. Do not calculate the allowable depreciation or the
allowable home

office deduction.

PHASE III—CHAPTERS 9–12

This is the third and final phase of the Schnappauf family’s tax
return. This phase incorporates

the material in Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12 requires you to analyze
the various types of property transactions discussed in those chapters.

1. On February 11, 2012, Bill inherits his father’s summer home.
The house, located in South Lake Tahoe, Nevada, has a fair market value of
$496,000 at the date of his father’s death. His parents had purchased the house
in 1974 for $127,000 and

made $59,000 worth of capital improvements to it. Twenty percent
of the total

value of the property is attributable to the land. Because Bill
and Joyce ultimately

would like to use the property as a vacation home, they decide to
rent it out. Bill

actively participates in the management of the property. The
property is first advertised

for rent on March 1, 2012, but is not rented until April 15, 2012.
Bill provides

the following income and expense information for the Lake Tahoe
rental

property:

Rent $18,000

Repairs 4,720

Management fee 2,750

Property taxes 9,375

Insurance 1,900

In addition, Bill buys a new stove for $1,240 and a new
refrigerator for $970 on

March 20, 2012.

2. The Schnappaufs receive Form 1099-B (Exhibit A-15) from Pebble
Beach Investors

for the sale of several securities. Details on the securities
sales are provided

below. The selling price listed is net of brokerage commissions
and represents the

amount the Schnappaufs actually receive from the sale.

Stock DateAcquired DateSold SalePrice PurchasePrice 150 shares
Pfizer Corp 5/12/89 8/15/12 $ 6,000 $ *

300 " Texas Instruments 7/30/94 10/25/12 17,100 **

50 shares Alcoa 6/10/06 10/23/12 525 1,800

25 shares Luminent 4/28/12 9/4/12 900 2,700

60 " Textron 9/11/12 10/27/12 10,410 9,100

300 shares Hasbro 1/7/01 12/20/12 6,125 3,150

*When Joyce graduated from college on May 12, 1989, her father
gave her 150 shares of Pfizer Corporation stock

that he had acquired on October 27, 1981, for $1,300. At the date
of the gift, the fair market value of the stock was $1,800. In January 1998,
Pfizer Corporation stock split 2 for 1.

**The Schnappaufs acquired 500 shares of preferred stock in Texas
Instruments for $7,810. Shortly after the purchase, they received a nontaxable
10% stock dividend.

3. On May 18, 2012, Joyce purchases a computer system for $2,560.
She also buys a color printer/copier/fax machine for $560. All the equipment is
used exclusively in her business.

4. On June 12, 2012, Joyce sells her old computer system for $355
and her printer for $110. She had acquired the computer system and printer on
February 18, 2009, for $2,710 and $490, respectively. When the Schnappaufs
prepared their 2009 tax

return, they elected to expense the computer and printer using
Section 179. The

computer system and the printer were used exclusively in her
business.

5. Joyce receives a Schedule K-1 (Exhibit A-16) for her interest
in the furniture-restoration business.

6. Other information:

a. The rental property in Lake Tahoe is located at 100 Paraiso
Drive, South Lake Tahoe (88197).

INSTRUCTIONS: To complete phase
III, you need the following additional forms: Schedule

E and Forms 4562 and 8582. You now have all the information
necessary to complete

the schedules that you did not finish in phases I and II.
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