SCI 220 Week 3 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

SCI 220 Week 3 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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https://zh.scribd.com/document/340327850/Uop-Tutorial

 

 SCI 220 Week 3 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
 

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 3 Exam.

Complete the Week 3 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

 

 

 

Ch. 7: Vitamins
 

 

Ch. 8: Water and Minerals
 

 

Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

 

Test Bank, Question 53
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

When Vitamin C intake is below 10 mg per day, the symptoms of _______ begin to appear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
beriberi
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
pellagra
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
rickets
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
scurvy
 

 

 
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 41
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Based on the content in this visual, identify each of the three labeled parts in A:B:C order.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cysteine: homocysteine: methionine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
homocysteine: cysteine: methionine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
methionine: homocysteine: cysteine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
methionine: cysteine: homocysteine
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 3
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following MyPlate food groups are good sources of folate except for the _____ group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Dairy
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fruits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Grains
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vegetables
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 62
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Vitamin D deficiency disease in children is called

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
osteopenia.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
osteoporosis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
osteomalacia.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
rickets.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 68
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Vitamin E protects membranes in red blood cells, white blood cells, nerve cells, and lung cells. Why are these cells in particular in need of high amounts of vitamin E?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these cells are important in fighting infections
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Oxygen concentrations in these cells are high
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
These cells have an especially high energy need
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Lipid concentrations in these cells are high
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 23
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following vitamins must be included on the food label?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Niacin and thiamin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Riboflavin and iron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamins A and C
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamins A and D
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The process whereby immature cells change in structure and function to become specialized is called

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cell differentiation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
gene expression.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
night blindness.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
rhodopsin.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 20
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is/are antioxidants?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin C.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin E.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Selenium.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these nutrients serve as antioxidants.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 9
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Brian’s need for a vitamin is 100 milligrams each day. The bioavailability of this vitamin is 35%. This means that Brian needs to consume _____ milligrams each day for this vitamin to meet his needs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
65
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
100
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
135
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
290
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 32
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of pellagra?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dementia
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dermatitis
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
diabetes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
diarrhea
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

This visual represents a toxicity of ______ leading the toxicity disease _______.

Photo credit: A Mazzone and A. Dal Canton, The New England Journal of Medicine, 2002; 347-222-223

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
beta-carotene, hypercarotenemia
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
niacin, pellagra
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin A, xerophthalmia
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin D, rickets
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 34
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following are good sources of niacin?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
chicken and trout
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
kiwi and apples
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
corn and oatmeal
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
orange juice and spinach
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 33
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Niacin is synthesized in the body from the amino acid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alanine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
leucine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
riboflavin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
tryptophan.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 72
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Because selenium is part of the enzyme glutathione-peroxidase, it _____ the body’s need for vitamin E.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
has no effect on
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 67
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_____ enhances the bioavailability of non-heme iron.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Niacin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin C
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 6
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

In regard to the kidneys’ role in regulating water balance in the body, the term reabsorption means the amount of the substance that is:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
absorbed back in to the blood after being filtered.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
excreted in the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
filtered into the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
secreted from the kidneys into lymph for absorption by the liver.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 54
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

When blood calcium levels are low, parathyroid hormone will

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increase.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
not change.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decrease.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Based on this visual, which of the following statements is false?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fruits are poor sources of calcium.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Grains are good sources of calcium.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tofu is higher in calcium than sunflower seeds.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Yogurt is higher in calcium than 1% milk and cheddar cheese.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 14
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT a function of water in the human body?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Assistance in the regulation of body temperature
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Protection and lubrication of joints
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Regulation of blood glucose
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Transportation of water-soluble nutrients
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Adam has just returned from his long run of 6 miles in which he forgot his water bottle. Which of the following processes is most likely happening in Adam’s body?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The pituitary gland is signaling the liver to conserve energy.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus increasing the amount of water lost in the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus decreasing the amount of water lost in the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
His thirst mechanism has become impaired.
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 73
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which deficiency disease would be common in the areas with selenium-deficient soils?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cretinism
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Hemochromatosis
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Keshan disease
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pellagra
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Dried fruits are good sources of which of the following minerals?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium and zinc
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fructose and iron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Iron and potassium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Potassium and zinc
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 34
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following minerals are needed for the functioning of antioxidant enzymes EXCEPT for

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
copper
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
sulfur
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
zinc
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which list below best reflects the minerals that aid transmission of nerve impulses and provide for optimal muscle contraction?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium, sodium, iron, and magnesium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Iron, copper, selenium, and magnesium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Sodium, calcium, potassium, and chloride
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Sodium, calcium, potassium, and magnesium
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 57
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following does not inhibit the absorption of calcium?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Oxalates
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Phytates
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tannins
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 44
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Vitamin B12 deficiency is particularly problematic because

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
it causes irreversible brain damage.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
it causes microcytic anemia.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
it prevents folate from being converted to one of its active forms.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
its UL is set too high.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements regarding vitamin A is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Protein and zinc status are important for healthy vitamin A status.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Beta-carotene is the most potent vitamin A precursor.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pepsin is necessary to release the vitamin A from protein-based sources.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Worldwide, vitamin A deficiency is rare.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Test Bank, Question 8
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The amount of a particular vitamin in a food depends on all of the following EXCEPT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
how much of the food is consumed.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
how the food is cooked.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
how the food is stored.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
what is added to the food during processing.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 3
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following MyPlate food groups are good sources of folate except for the _____ group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Dairy
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fruits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Grains
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vegetables
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 78
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Women of childbearing age should consume _____ daily from fortified foods or supplements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Folic acid
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Iron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 33
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Niacin is synthesized in the body from the amino acid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alanine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
leucine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
riboflavin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
tryptophan.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 54
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

A family member has been taking Vitamin C supplements, but is now wondering if he should continue to spend money on these supplements. What have you learned about Vitamin C that might help them with an evidence-based decision?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Excessive supplementation can cause dementia.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin C is known to prevent the common cold.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Excessive supplementation can interfere with drugs prescribed to prevent blood clotting.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Excessive supplementation can cause diarrhea and can interfere with drugs prescribed to slow blood clotting.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 28
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The active ______ coenzyme is needed to convert pyruvate into acetyl-CoA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
folate
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
niacin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
riboflavin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
thiamin
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 41
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Based on the content in this visual, identify each of the three labeled parts in A:B:C order.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cysteine: homocysteine: methionine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
homocysteine: cysteine: methionine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
methionine: homocysteine: cysteine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
methionine: cysteine: homocysteine
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 26
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Mary needs to increase her thiamin consumption. Which of the following contains the most thiamin?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
¼ c sunflower seeds
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3 oz pork chop
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3 oz rainbow trout
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1 c oatmeal
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 90
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements is true of vitamin E?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Supplements increase fertility even in people with adequate vitamin E status.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is needed in energy metabolism.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Severe deficiency is a common problem in North America.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is needed for night vision.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It protects cell membranes from oxidative damage.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 55
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The symptoms of vitamin C deficiency include gums that swell and bleed. Why does this occur?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The lack of vitamin C allows bacteria in the mouth to irritate the gums.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The lack of vitamin C decreases the pH of the mouth.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
There is reduced collagen synthesis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
There is increased plaque formation around the gums.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 20
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is/are antioxidants?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin C.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin E.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Selenium.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these nutrients serve as antioxidants.
 
 
 
 
 

 

Test Bank, Question 26
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Phytic acid, tannins, and oxalates _____the absorption of many minerals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decrease
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increase
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
have no effect on
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Adam has just returned from his long run of 6 miles in which he forgot his water bottle. Which of the following processes is most likely happening in Adam’s body?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The pituitary gland is signaling the liver to conserve energy.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus increasing the amount of water lost in the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The antidiuretic hormone is signaling the kidneys to reabsorb water, thus decreasing the amount of water lost in the urine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
His thirst mechanism has become impaired.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 54
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

When blood calcium levels are low, parathyroid hormone will

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increase.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
not change.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decrease.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following minerals stabilizes ATP’s structure?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Magnesium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Zinc
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following minerals have a role in blood pressure regulation?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
calcium and magnesium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
calcium and phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
phosphorus and magnesium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
potassium and zinc
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 34
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

All of the following minerals are needed for the functioning of antioxidant enzymes EXCEPT for

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
copper
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
sulfur
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
zinc
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 88
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

Stem: Which of the following statements about iron is true?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Iron and calcium supplements should be taken together.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Heme iron is better absorbed than nonheme iron.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin C inhibits iron absorption.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tomatoes are a good source of heme iron.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
When iron levels are high, more iron is eliminated from the body in the urine.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 65
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The protein molecule that is found in red blood cells that transports oxygen to body cells is called

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
hapocorrin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
hemoglobin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
myoglobin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
transferrin.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 73
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which deficiency disease would be common in the areas with selenium-deficient soils?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cretinism
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Hemochromatosis
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Keshan disease
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pellagra
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 35
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

What occurs when a cofactor binds to an enzyme?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The enzyme is activated.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The enzyme is no longer able to function.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Minerals can more easily bind to the enzyme.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The enzyme can cross the cell membrane for transport.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 72
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Because selenium is part of the enzyme glutathione-peroxidase, it _____ the body’s need for vitamin E.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
has no effect on
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases
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