PSY 375 Developmental Stages Matrix.doc

Developmental Stages Matrix
Developmental Stage Physical changes Cognitive changes Socioemotional changes
Infancy Rapid increase in height and weight
Gross motor skills improve
Head circumference increases to accommodate brain development. Driven towards a goal by accommodation and coordination of reflexes
Active exploration through experimenting
Anticipate solving problems
Speak in full sentences
Responding to people and objects Social awareness heightens
Emotionally responsive to familiar people or strangers
Self-awareness improves
Learns synchrony, attachment and independence.

Early Childhood
Baby fat turns to muscles and lower body lengthens
Small appetite and now start to become very picky eater
Growth is now steady and body becomes proportionately thinner
Dramatic improvement in gross motor skills Very talkative and ask a lot of questions
Very curious and observant
Self-centered in thoughts
Vocabulary becomes more developed and discuss anything Emotions are regulated and controlled
More attuned to past experiences
More confidence and independence is shown
Middle Childhood
This is the age between 8 and 11 years old. Growth spurts occur in this stage of development, a rise in weight and height occurs intermittently. Muscular development occurs as well, the child’s larger muscles are more matured than smaller ones and they have the capacity to run extended distances, They are able to throw a ball and catch it. Their gross motor skills are more refined than the fine ones as well. At this stage there is a fast expansion of mental skills. They have a superior aptitude to explain incidents and discuss ideas and emotions. This is also the age where there is less focus on self and more on others. They exhibit adult-like judgment but their interpretation is restricted to tangible, real-life circumstances.
Children at this phase also turn into better communicators with the improvement of cognition, but they nonetheless learn language typically from the perspective of dialogue.

More autonomy from parents and family. A more solid awareness of what is right and what is wrong. They also have a greater awareness of the future. And a Budding comprehension about their position in the world. More concentration on friendships. Increasing desire to be liked and recognized by friends. More importance is placed on friendships than ever before. Physical, social, and mental skills advance quickly. This is an essential time for children to grow self-assurance in all areas of life, by means of friendships, sports, and learning.

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