PSY 335 Entire Course

PSY/335RESEARCH METHODS The Latest Version A+ Study Guide **********************************************PSY 335 Entire Course Link**********************************************  PSY 335 Week 1 APA Code of Ethics ActivityResource: Screenshot instructionsComplete the APA Code of Ethics Activity.Take a screenshot of your results page using the “Screenshot Instructions,” and submit the file to your instructor. PSY 335 Week 2 Descriptive Research Methods WorksheetWatch the “Nonexperimental Research Methods in Psychology” video located in this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings. Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Descriptive Methods Worksheet.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.Descriptive Research Methods Worksheet Please list 5 research methods that you have reviewed from the book or video in the chart below. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages a researcher should consider when determining which methods to use. Research MethodsAdvantagesDisadvantages1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  
  1. From the video, discuss the purpose of correlational designs and the findings from the video regarding cell phone use.
  1. Do you think it was appropriate for the researchers to use correlational design? Why or why not?
   PSY 335 Week 2 Proposal WorksheetComplete the University of Phoenix Material: Proposal Worksheet.Collectively as a team come up with a general topic that interests the group. Like extrinsic motivators, stress, PTSD, etc…Each team member will search for a credible article on the selected team’s topic. Answer the first set of questions individually using your own articles. Compile the data/answers onto one Proposal Worksheet.Answer the last 2 questions as a team to build the foundation for your research study that will take you through week 5. This proposal will turn into a methods paper in week 3, an internal review board application to counduct your study in week 4, and a PowerPoint presentation of your study in week 5. Feel free to look ahead so you understand how all of the assignments relate to one another.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your completed Proposal Worksheet.Proposal Worksheet Each team member will pick an article for this worksheet. Replicate these set of questions for each team member for this worksheet. Team member name: Citation of article: 
  1. What is the author’s goal?
  1. What questions remain unanswered?
  2. If I had to design an experiment to test this hypothesis, what would I do?
  1. What are the independent, dependent, and control variables?
 Team member name: Citation of article: 
  1. What is the author’s goal?
  1. What questions remain unanswered?
  2. If I had to design an experiment to test this hypothesis, what would I do?
  1. What are the independent, dependent, and control variables?
  After reviewing each team member’s submission, answer the following questions as a team: 
  1. What is your research question?
  1. What is your hypothesis?
 PSY 335 Week 3 Week Three QuizWatch the “Introduction to Designing Experiments” video located in this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings and review all of the readings/learning activities to prepare for the quiz. Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Week Three Quiz.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment. Week Three QuizComplete the following quiz. Choose your response by highlighting your answer. 
  1. When we perform an experiment, we
    1. measure independent variables,
    2. produce dependent variables.
    3. produce control variables.
    4. produce a comparison.
    5. hold independent variables constant.
  1. The control group in an experiment
    1. fixes the level of a variable across all experimental conditions.
    2. is often untreated.
    3. receives the same level of the independent variable as the experimental group.
    4. refers to the manipulation of the independent variable.
  1. In research on the decompression of pregnant rats, the independent variable is ______, a dependent variable is ________, and a control variable is _______________.
    1. Reduced air pressure; behavioral tests; strain of the rat
    2. Body weight; climbing ability; time of day
    3. Atmospheric pressure; age of rat; climbing ability
    4. Number of decompressions; body weight; home cage
    5. Experimental group; control group; test performance
  1. In experiments, independent variables are
    1. the result of careful measurements.
    2. extraneous to the experiment and held constant.
    3. extraneous to the experiment and allowed to vary randomly.
    4. independent of experimenter control.
    5. varied by the researcher.
  1. Dependent variables are
    1. manipulated by the researcher.
    2. potential independent variables that are held constant.
    3. measured by the researcher.
    4. probable behavioral causes.
  1. One reason a valid experiment may produce null results is
    1. the range of levels in the independent variable was insufficient to show an effect.
    2. the dependent variable reflects a broad range of performance.
    3. that the experiment is conducted in an environment that is too difficult.
    4. that reactivity occurs in the participants (e.g., they adopt the role of “good behavior”).
  1. In experiments, the independent variable should be _________, the dependent variable should be __________, and the control variable should be ________.
    1. controlled; constant; randomized
    2. constant; an effect; causal
    3. free; restricted; elevated
    4. balanced; unconfounded; an effect
    5. manipulated; measured; held constant
  1. An interaction occurs when
    1. an independent variable effects a dependent variable.
    2. one independent variable effects a second independent variable.
    3. the effect one dependent variable has is not the same at each level of a second dependent variable.
    4. the effect one independent variable has is not the same at each level of a second independent variable.
  1. Which of the following is an example of the Hawthorne effect?
    1. Experimenter bias
    2. Reactivity in an experiment
    3. Participant observation
    4. Unobtrusive outcomes
  1. A variable that inadvertently causes an experimental result is
    1. confounded with the dependent variable.
    2. confounded with the independent variable.
    3. confounded with the control variables.
    4. unlikely to be important in experiments.
  1. Construct validity permits one to do which of the following?
    1. Generalize
    2. Attribute causality
    3. Have confidence in constructs
    4. Support hypothesis
  1. Which of the following is a source of construct invalidity?
    1. Bias
    2. Random error
    3. Carry-over effects
    4. Counterbalancing
  1. If a study has external validity, one is entitled to
    1. attribute causality.
    2. have confidence in constructs.
    3. support hypotheses.
  1. Internal validity allows one to do which of the following?
    1. Generalize
    2. Attribute causality
    3. Have confidence in constructs
    4. Support hypotheses
  1. Which of the following is the most likely to have the greatest internal validity?
    1. Surveys
    2. Case studies
    3. Relational research
    4. Experiments
  1. Test reliability determined by a correlation between scores from the same test taken at two different times is called
    1. test-retest reliability.
    2. parallel forms reliability.
    3. split-half reliability.
    4. predictive reliability.
  1. Statistical reliability determines whether results
    1. will occur five percent of the time.
    2. occur because of chance.
    3. are internally valid.
    4. are produced by bias.
  1. Which of the following is a major threat to internal validity?
    1. Confounding
    2. Deviant-case analysis
    3. Truncated range
    4. Dependent variables
  1. A type of validity that is specifically concerned with being able to make causal statements about relationships between variables is _______________ validity.
    1. External
    2. Internal
    3. Construct
    4. Predictive
  1. A replication of research helps to determine ______________ validity.
    1. Construct
    2. External
    3. Internal
    4. Predictive
 PSY 335 Week 3 Methods PaperWrite a 1,050- to 1,400-paper discussing the methods of your proposal from Week Two. Stick with the hypothesis you created in week 2 to create the beginnings for how you would actually complete this research study:Include the following in your paper:
  • An explanation of your sampling method
  • Whether you will be using descriptive or inferential statistics
  • Definitions of your variables
  • An explanation of how you will operationalize the variables
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment. PSY 335 Week 4 Experimental Designs WorksheetComplete the Experimental Designs Worksheet.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.Experimental Designs Worksheet Fill in the BlankUsing the terms listed below, complete the following: 
  1. ___________ group receives treatment in an experimental design.
  2. ___________ group does not receive treatment in an experimental design.
  3. A ___________ design has many observations on a single case or a few subjects.
  4. When separate groups of subjects receive different levels of the independent variable, this is referred to as _____________ design.
  5. When all subjects receive all levels of the independent variable, this is referred to as ____________ design.
  6. When the researcher measures a behavior that needs to be changed and then applies therapy and measures the behavior again, this is referred to as _____________ design.
  7. When the researcher measures a behavior that needs to be changed, applies therapy and measures the behavior again, and then removes the treatment and measures the behavior again, this is referred to as ______________ design.
  8. When the criterion outcome changes over time this is referred to as _______________ design.
  9. When measuring several behaviors or several people with baseline periods of varying lengths and an independent variable occurs, this is referred to as a ______________ design.
  10. When subjects are not randomly assigned and not all variables are under the control of the presenter, this is referred to as ______________ design.
  1. Multiple Baseline B. Small n               C. AB
  2. Control E. Experimental F. ABA
  3. Between Subject H. Quasi-Experimental I. Changing Criterion
  4. Within Subject
MatchingRead the following scenarios and match each scenario with the correct type of experimental design. 
  1. _____ Two classes of children are studied regarding the effects of a new teaching method in science.  One group received the new method of instruction, while the other group uses the standard, traditional method of instruction. Both classes are measures for achievement before and after the teaching methods.
  1. _____ Divide your subjects in half.  One group receives one treatment of the independent variable and the other group receives a different treatment of the independent variable. Subjects were all told they were going to see a video of a therapist’s session after which they would rate the quality of the session. The groups differed in that the subjects in one group were told that prior evaluations indicated that the therapist was effective whereas subjects in the other group were told that the evaluations indicated the therapist was not effective. These different subjects were used for the two levels of the independent variable: subjects were in either the “effective therapist” or the “ineffective therapist” condition.
  1. _____ All subjects perform at all levels of the independent variable.  Subjects diagnosed as having attention deficit disorder were each tested on a concentration task after receiving medication. All subjects were tested four times, once after receiving one of the four doses. Each subject was tested under each of the four levels of the independent variable-dose of medication.
  2. _____ A small group is measured for the amount of anxiety they experience in math class (baseline).  They are taught a relaxation method and measured again to measure anxiety in math class.
  1. _____ To study verbal commands in canines, during week 1 the baseline is recorded for how many times a dog chased a cat.  During week 2, dog was verbally scolded (treatment) when the dog chased the cat, and the chasing behavior was recorded.  During week 3, the chasing behavior was recorded without the verbal scolding (treatment).
  1. Between-Subjects Design B. AB Design C. Quasi-Experimental Design
  2. ABA Design E. Within-Subjects Design
  PSY 335 Week 4 Mock IRB Proposal WorksheetComplete the IRB Proposal Worksheet in relation to your group proposal.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.Institutional Review Board Application                                        FOR HUMAN SUBJECTS Research The University of Phoenix Institutional Review Board (IRB) exists to ensure university compliance with federal regulations regarding research involving human subjects.  This application is used to facilitate and document this compliance review.  Research projects which meet the federal definition for research and the federal definition of human subjects must be approved by the University of Phoenix IRB before any data collection begins.  If an IRB application is approved by the IRB and, later, the nature of the research design, requirements, or site locations change, a revised application describing these changes must be submitted for reconsideration and approval by the IRB.  This application is intended as a stand alone document, so reference to other documents or appendices of dissertation proposals or other research studies does not substitute for direct provision of that information as part of this application, either as a response within a section or as an addendum.  This application pertains to both pilot studies and full studies.  Please note that it is the researcher’s responsibility to give complete and accurate information about the nature of the proposed study, particularly in terms of the effects on, and expectations for, subject participants.  Please note that you must document currency in CITI certification as part of this application.  Name of Researcher(s)City, State, and Country / School or College and University Affiliation(student, faculty, or staff and id) Type of Research(research study, *funded research, or other) [city/state][college]University of Phoenix  IRN: LEAVE THIS BLANK        *   If research is funded, please complete the following agency information.  Otherwise, leave submitted tosubmission datelocation of project                         /  /          1.   Title of the Research Study/Dissertation:    2.      Classification of the Study:  a) Will primary data collection from human subjects be done in this study?               () Yes, original data only is collected from human subjects and no archival data will be used.              () Yes, both original data from human subjects and archival data will be collected and used.                 ()  No, only archival data will be used.              b) Are the research study results generalizable or relevant to a larger population or only relevant to one             organization or entity?               () Results are generalizable to a larger population.                 () Results are relevant only to one organization or entity.                  3.   Purpose and Anticipated Study Goal(s) and Benefits:   Briefly describe the following: The purpose of the study:  The anticipated study goal(s):  The benefits of the study to the subjects, to the organization, and to society:   3.1    Data Usage and Ownership:    If your research involves access to, and/or use of, a pre-existing private or restricted database (one that is not open access/publically available), please briefly describe the type of data in the database, the organization or individual owner or controller of the data, how the data will be accessed and how data confidentiality will be ensured.           a)  Does this research study involve access to, or use of public, open access databases or               datasets,  resources, recruitment lists, contact information for potential subjects or any other pre-               existing public data? (Note that “open access” means free and available to the general public without               restriction or prior permission needed.)                 () No                       () Yes (Please describe here)            b)  Does this research study involve access to, or use of private databases or datasets, private resources or               recruitment lists, contact information for potential subjects or any other pre-existing private data?                 () No                       () Yes (Please describe here and document permission granted for access and                                                                     use)            c)  During data collection or subject recruitment, will access be needed to any health information created,             received or archived by health care providers, clearinghouses, or health care plans that pertains to the             past, present or future health conditions or provision of health care to an individual living or deceased?                 () Yes                       () No                  () HIPAA compliance (if health records are used, please discuss here and address HIPAA compliance)                     d)  Will school or student related data be collected in this study?                () Yes, individual student data        () Yes, aggregate student data         () No                 () FERPA compliance (if student data is used, please explain here and address FERPA compliance)        4.   Project Description:   Briefly explain and address the following questions as indicated:        a) Who are the subjects of this study and where are they located? (for example, lawyers in private practice in the State of Ohio)          b)  What are the subjects expected to do as participants in this study and what is the time commitment involved? Please explain. If class time is used, please describe the activities planned for non-participants.         c) Will a pilot study be conducted before the primary data collection occurs?  () No    ()  Yes       d) What is the research method and design? Check all that apply:            () quantitative analysis         () qualitative analysis          () mixed methods            ()  phenomenological  () case study    ()  experimental   () quasi experimental    () Delphi            () other (specify)  ___________________________________________                 e)  How will data be collected? Check any that apply:            () face to face interview  () focus group  () online survey  () mail survey  () telephone survey             () onsite survey  () email survey  () Skype or related technology              () other (specify) ____________________________                          f) Where will data collection occur? Check any that apply and specify the location(s) below.            () organizational site  () online  () private premises   () public facility  () open access site           () other      () not applicable                               Location __________________________________________       g)  What is the degree or magnitude of risk/stress (physical, psychological, emotional, legal, financial) to the              human subjects because of their participation in this study?              () minimal risk/stress, not greater than encountered in ordinary daily life/activities or routine tests.            () greater than minimal risk/stress with potential for direct benefit to the individual subjects            () greater than minimal risk/stress with little/no potential direct benefit to individual subjects       h) If greater than minimal risk/stress to the human subject is possible, please explain how the risk/stress will be mitigated or lessened.         i) Are any third parties assisting with this study that will have access to the data?           () No   () Yes (specify) ______________________________________       j) Will any aspect of the study take place outside of the United States?            () No   () Yes (specify where) _______________________________________              Note that IRB approval may be needed in the country where research is taking place.             PLEASE PROVIDE HERE (OR AS AN ADDENDUM TO THIS APPLICATION) ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION           OR EXPLANATION THAT YOU THINK MAY BE HELPFUL TO THE IRB REGARDING YOUR RESEARCH STUDY           DESIGN OR IMPLEMENTATION.      5.  Subject Groups:  Will the subjects recruited to participate in this study include any that are in protected groups identified below as specified within the federal human subject guidelines? (The guidelines are defined at             If any category from this list is checked “yes”, please explain in the “Comments” area below how the subjects will be protected from harm, risk, or stress as a study participant and how stress/risk will be mitigated or lessened.     a. Children/minors under age 18? Yes ()No ()    b. Prisoners? Yes ()No ()    c. Pregnant women? Yes ()No ()    d. Cognitively impaired or mentally        disabled? Yes ()No ()    e. Educationally or economically        disadvantaged? Yes ()No ()Will the subjects be traumatized, comatose, or terminally ill patients? Yes ()No ()Will the subjects be elderly or aged persons? Yes ()No ()Will the subjects be minorities (including women)? Yes ()No ()Will information be withheld from subjects prior to, or during, participation? Yes ()No ()Will the subjects be college students? Yes ()No ()Will the subjects be deceived, misled, or coerced in any way? Yes ()No ()Will/might the subjects be students of the University of Phoenix? Yes ()No ()Will/might the subjects be faculty or staff of the University of Phoenix? Yes ()No ()Will information be requested that is, or may be, personal or sensitive? Yes ()No ()If the subjects are active duty military, will their supervisors have influence on their participation in this research or will participation be affected at all by the reporting relationship(s)? Yes ()No ()Will any aspect of this study involve subjects from countries outside of the U.S.?  If yes, please specify in the comments section below.                  Yes () No () Comments:           6.  Subject Recruitment and Selection:   Briefly explain and address the following:       a)  Which of the following will be used to find and recruit subjects? (check all that apply and include copies with           this application)             ()   Flyers                                                      ()  Email Announcement            ()   Events, Meetings, Conferences           ()  Area Canvassing            ()   Phone Solicitation                                 ()  Registry            ()   Newspaper/Radio/Television               ()  Referrals from Others            ()   Institutional “gatekeepers”                  ()  Direct Mail            ()   Face to Face Interaction                       ()  Internet/Websites            ()   Bulletin Board Post                               ()  Social Media (e.g. LinkedIn, Facebook, etc.) (please specify            ()   Poster                                                                        below; documented use permission is required)                                                                                      ()  PhoenixConnect (please note if this is used,                                                                                                         separate prior approval through the UOPX                                                                                                        Committee on Research must be documented)            ()   Other (please specify)____________________________________________                 EXPLAIN AND DESCRIBE HERE IF SOCIAL MEDIA WILL BE USED ____________________________________                                                               b)  What is the anticipated sample size?            () 10 or less    () 11-20     () 21-50    () 51-99     () 100-199    () 200 or more       c) Will any external parties (such as editors, translators, interpreters, statisticians, etc.) provide assistance for          recruitment purposes? (This does not pertain to persons who assist recruitment by “snowball sampling”.)             (No            (Yes (please identify and explain how they will assist) _____________________________                                           d)  Are any of the research  subjects students, employees, or patients of the researcher?            () Yes          () No       e)  If any potential subjects under the age of 18 years are not selected to participate in this study, what activities          will they be doing during the time the subjects are participating in the study so that they do not feel excluded          or left out? If this scenario does not pertain to the study, please indicate “Not applicable” here.         f)  Please briefly describe the criteria that will be used to determine the inclusion or exclusion of subjects for          this study.        g)  Will any compensation or remuneration be given to subjects for their participation in this study?           () No            () Yes (please identify amount and type, and the plan for dissemination.                           PLEASE PROVIDE HERE (OR AS AN ADDENDUM TO THIS APPLICATION) ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION OR EXPLANATION CONCERNING THE ABOVE QUESTIONS THAT YOU THINK MAY BE HELPFUL TO THE IRB REGARDING THE RECRUITMENT OF SUBJECTS FOR YOUR RESEARCH STUDY.    7.  Informed Consent:    Briefly explain and address the following questions.        a)  How will subjects be informed of the study’s purpose, procedures, intent, duration of the study and any           potential risks or discomforts to them?  Check all that apply:() Informed Consent form  () Email  () Letter  () Meeting () Phone Call () Other _______       b)  How will subjects be informed of withdrawal procedures? Check all that apply:() Informed Consent form  () Email  () Letter  () Meeting () Phone Call () Other _______      c)  How will the researcher contact information be provided to the subjects? Check all that apply:() Informed Consent form  () Email  () Letter  () Meeting () Phone Call () Other _______      d)  How will subjects withdraw from the study as participants after data collection is completed?() Email the researcher    () Phone call to researcher    () Submit withdrawal form() Other (please specify) ___________________________________________________________      e)  Please explain what subjects must do to withdraw from the study after data is collected and how subject data          will be retrieved and handled to ensure security and confidentiality.        f)  If any subjects are under the age of 18 years, parental consent is required.  What provision is made to        answer any questions the parents have about this study or to address any individual concerns?  (For example,        will there be an informational meeting with the parents, etc.?) If this scenario does not apply to this study,        please indicate “Not applicable” here.           PLEASE PROVIDE HERE (OR AS AN ADDENDUM TO THIS APPLICATION) ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION       OR EXPLANATION THAT YOU THINK MAY BE HELPFUL TO THE IRB REGARDING ANY OF THE ABOVE       QUESTIONS OR ABOUT THE INFORMED CONSENT FOR YOUR RESEARCH STUDY.    PLEASE READ AND CONFIRM THROUGH CHECK MARKING THE BOXES BELOW:          I attest that no primary data collection from human subjects will occur  without a prior signed Informed                 Consent form completed for each subject and that Informed Consent documentation will be retained               separately from study data.           I attest that a process for subject withdrawal will be implemented whereby subjects may withdraw without              penalty before, during and after data collection has been completed and submitted and that the              information they provided will be identified, secured, withdrawn and kept confidential.    8.  Confidentiality and Privacy:    Briefly explain and address how the identity and privacy of the individual subjects will be protected.  Check any of the following that apply:        a)  How will subject identity and data be protected?            ()   Subject names will not be used or identified             ()   Pseudonyms or numbers will be used instead of subject names            ()   Data will be coded alphanumerically            ()   Other (please specify) ________________________________________________        b) Will any audio and/or video tape or other recording of data be done in this study?             () Yes                               () No                       c) How long will the study data be kept after study completion?            ()   Three years (please note this is the minimum required retention time)            ()   More than three years       d) Where will the data be stored:            ()  In an office or other location at the researcher’s residence            ()  At an office at the researcher’s place of employment            ()  At a third party facility (please specify) ________________________________            ()  Other (please specify) ______________________________________________       e) How will data be destroyed at the appropriate time?            ()  Shredding            ()  Burning or incineration        ()  Smashing          () File Deletion            ()  Other (please specify) ______________________________________________       f)  How will the results of this study be disseminated?            () Publication            () Presentation             ()  Other _____________________________                   PLEASE PROVIDE HERE (OR AS AN ADDENDUM TO THIS APPLICATION) ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION OR EXPLANATION CONCERNING THE ABOVE THAT YOU THINK MAY BE HELPFUL TO THE IRB REGARDING CONFIDENTIALITY AND PRIVACY CONCERNS ASSOCIATED WITH YOUR RESEARCH STUDY.   PLEASE READ AND CONFIRM THROUGH CHECK MARKING THE BOX BELOW:          I attest that the data from this research will be kept in a secured location for at least three years following              study completion, and then will be permanently destroyed.    PSY 335 Week 5 Research in Careers BrochureImagine you are an academic advisor and you are working at a booth at a University fair. You want to explain the career possibilities and real world usefulness of research in psychology.Create a brochure to highlight that purpose including the following:
  • A design that highlights various careers in psychology that utilize research in psychology
  • At least one example of a real research study that addresses real world issues
  • see the grading rubric for all grading criteria
Make sure to save often and before publishing if you use this link that it is they way you want it. It will create a PDF which you cannot edit after it is published. If you don’t want to use this link feel free to create it in Word or PowerPoint. your brochure consistent with APA guidelines.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment. PSY 335 Week 5 Research Proposal PresentationCreate a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation discussing your team’s research proposal.Include the following in your presentation:
  • The research question
  • A summary of the literature review
  • The research hypothesis
  • A summary of the method
  • The sample used for the study
  • The study design
  • The validity and reliability of the study
  • Discuss any possible Type I and Type II errors
  • Address ways to validate findings
Include speaker notes.Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.
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