hist3170notesfeb12

·         Born into English high class

·         Becomes Quaker against father’s wishes, is imprisoned for heresies.  Later freed.

·         Becomes trustee of land in New Jersey that is under ownership dispute from 2 Quakers.

·         James, Duke of York (later James II) owed Penn money so Penn finagles proprietorship of a tract of land in Pennsylvania for a Quaker colony.

·         Disputes with the lord of Maryland over where borders lie cause Penn much trouble and necessitates trip(s?) to England to settle dispute over who owns access to the Chesapeake bay

·         Philadelphia is positioned to make use of both the Delaware River and the Schuylkill River.

·         To deal with the Native Americans, swedes, and Dutch that already had property ownership in Philadelphia, Penn signs a (fair and enforced) treaty (Great Treaty 1682) with the NA and purchases land from the white settlers. 

o   Because Quakers are religiously tolerant, the Lutheran Dutch, Quakers, and even the French get along.

·         Very meticulous planning for Philadelphia with a strict grid pattern.  Main thoroughfares are 100’ wide.

o   Plans don’t really get followed, as people want to live on the Delaware River.  People also subdivide lots and don’t follow his building aesthetic

o   Houses are mostly brick, such as Letitia House and Old Swedes Church (originally timber, rebuilt in brick, the oldest religious structure in Philly)

·         Becomes most populous city in America by the 18th century

Lamps in 1751, paved roads in 1762
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