PHL 320 Entire Course

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PHL 320 Entire Course Link
https://uopcourses.com/category/phl-320/
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PHL 320 Week 1 Critical
Analysis Worksheet

 

Read “Common
Core” and “The Battle Against Common Core Standards.”

 

Perform
a
critical analysis of each reading using critical thinking techniques from this
week’s readings.

 

Respond
to the following based on your critical thinking analysis of the “Common Core”
and “The Battle Against Common Core Standards” readings.

 

1)      Define
the term conclusion.

 




 




 




 

2)      What
is the conclusion of each article?

 




 




 




 

3)      Define
the term premises.

 




 




 




 

4)      What
premises support the conclusions in each article?

 




 




 




 

5)      How
convincing is the conclusion of each article? Explain your answer.

 




 




 




 

6)      Define
the term biases.

 




 




 




 

7)      What
biases did you observe in each article? Why do you think they are biases?

 




 




 




 

8)      What
might be the sources of the biases in each article?

 




 




 




 

 



References



 

Sell, M.
(2013). Common core. McClatchy - Tribune
Business News [Washington]
.

 

Smith, H.K.
(2013, March). The battle against common core standards. FreedomWorks,
Retrieved from www.freedomworks.org

Link to the article: http://www.freedomworks.org/blog/rousseau/the-battle-against-common-core-standards

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 1 Critical Thinking Discussion
and Summary

 

Participate in a class discussion by responding to the
following questions:


  • How would you define critical thinking? What makes a
    person a critical thinker?

  • Why is critical thinking important? Provide an
    example of how critical thinking has helped you in your life.

  • What do you expect to learn from this course?



Write a paragraph summarizing the discussion.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your
assignment.

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check

1.

The bandwagon effect is a common bias,
which refers to

§  A.

the tendency to align one’s thinking
with the underdog

§  B.

the tendency to align one’s thinking
with a negative advertisement

§  C.

the tendency to align one’s thinking
with cognitive dissonance

§  D.

an unconscious tendency to align one’s
thinking with that of other people

 

2.

Some cognitive biases involve heuristics,
which are

§  A.

general rules we unconsciously follow in
estimating probabilities.

§  B.

the probability of an event happening
based on personal experience

§  C.

the probability of an event happening
based on family experience

§  D.

the probabilities of an event happening
based on science

3.

The in-group bias is characterized by

§  A.

a rational evaluation of those in other
groups

§  B.

conclusions supported by data

§  C.

accepting individuals from other teams
and groups

§  D.

believing that the achievements of the members
of my group are a result of hard work

4.

The premise of a good deductive
argument, if true

§  A.

does not prove or demonstrate its
conclusion

§  B.

proves or demonstrates its conclusion

§  C.

supports the conclusion

§  D.

does not support the conclusion

5.

If we know that an argument is weak,
then we know that the conclusion

§  A.

is false

§  B.

is true

§  C.

may or may not be true

6.

“The ensemble played an encore at last
year’s concert, and I’m pretty sure they played one the year before as well. So
they will most likely play an encore at this year’s concert.”



This argument is best taken as

§  A.

inductive

§  B.

deductive

§  C.

simplistic

§  D.

argumentative

7.

Critical thinking involves

§  A.

blindly acting or reacting

§  B.

making wise decisions and coming to
correct conclusions

§  C.

basing decisions on emotion or greed

§  D.

basing decisions on intuition or a gut
feeling

8.

In decision making, critical thinking
will help increase the validity of your decisions by

§  A.

incorporating logical flaws

§  B.

ignoring viewpoints that are contrary to
your own

§  C.

basing the decision on your opinions and
the opinions of celebrities

§  D.

determining what information is or is
not pertinent

9.

Arguments whose premises are intended to
provide absolutely conclusive reasons for accepting the conclusion are deductive.

§  A.

inductive

§  B.

deductive

§  C.

premise

§  D.

opinions

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PHL 320 Week 2
Globalization Argumentative Paper


 

Review the
Writing Argumentative Essays section in Ch. 3 of Critical Thinking



Write an argumentative paper of no more than 750 words that
demonstrates why globalization is good or not good for a business. The paper
should define the term good, and should identify the premises and
conclusions.



Identify the premise and conclusion by placing a number in bold at
the beginning of the sentence with the word premise or conclusion.
For example: (1, Premise), (2, Premise), (1, Conclusion), (2,
Conclusion)
, and so on.


  • Sentences
    labeled as "1, premise" are premises for the sentence labeled as
    "1, conclusion."




  • All
    premises should be labeled for each conclusion in the article. If a
    sentence is a conclusion and a premise for another conclusion, place two
    labels.




  • At
    the end of the paper, identify one example of how you used deductive
    reasoning and one example of how you used inductive reasoning.



Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 2
Knowledge Check


 

1.

Uncertainty exists when the manager

§  A.

knows that the probability of success is
less than 100 percent

§  B.

knows the risk involved in making the
decision

§  C.

faces two conflicting issues

§  D.

has insufficient information to make the
decision

2.

Which of the following statements about
group decision making improves the chances that the decision will be
implemented successfully?

§  A.

People who participate in a group
discussion are more likely to understand why the decision was made.

§  B.

Different approaches to solving the
problem are available.

§  C.

More information is available when
several people are making the decision.

§  D.

A single group member can dominate the
discussion

3.

A phenomenon that occurs in decision
making when group members avoid disagreement as they strive for consensus is
known as

§  A.

goal displacement

§  B.

satisficing

§  C.

groupthink

§  D.

domination

4.

Identify the fallacy in the following
statement: “Frankly, I don’t think you would be satisfied with anything less
than our Model 24, which allows for more expansion than any other personal
computer in its class. The way you catch on to things—something I can tell just
from the questions you’ve asked here in the store—you’re not going to be happy
with a machine whose limits you’ll soon reach.”

§  A.

Apple polishing

§  B.

Wishful thinking

§  C.

Groupthink

§  D.

Scare tactics

5.

Identify the rhetorical device that
appears in the following passage: “Once you’ve made our day planner a part of
your business life, there’s a good chance you’ll never miss or be late for
another appointment.”

§  A.

Downplayer

§  B.

Innuendo

§  C.

Rocker

§  D.

Weaseler

6.

Identify the rhetorical device that
appears in the following passage: “The conservative mind is rigid and
inflexible, like an orange peel that’s dried out in the sun.”

§  A.

Slander

§  B.

Stereotype

§  C.

Loaded question

§  D.

Innuendo

7.

To maximize a decision is to

§  A.

use groupthink for individual decisions

§  B.

involve as many people affected by the
decision as possible in its design

§  C.

achieve the best possible outcome

§  D.

generate many alternatives for
evaluation

8.

Psychological bias in decision making is
best described as

§  A.

the inability to be objective when
gathering, evaluating, and applying information for decision making

§  B.

the conflict that results from too many
people involved with making a decision

§  C.

the effect that people's psychological
capabilities have on the decisions they must make under pressure

§  D.

the fact that people are motivated by a
need for power that clouds their decision-making capabilities

9.

The four traditional management
functions, still relevant today, include

§  A.

planning, leading, controlling, and
organizing

§  B.

marketing, finance, accounting, and
production

§  C.

planning, operations, labor, and
contracting

§  D.

hiring, training, appraising, and firing

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PHL 320 Week 2
Re-organization and Layoff Team Discussion & Summary


 

Review the linked articles and
select one to review as a team.


 

Post responses to the following
questions for the selected article.  Each team member should answer all of
the questions:



  • What
    is the problem presented in the article?

  • Why
    do you think it is the problem?

  • What
    are some possible solutions?



Discuss as a team, responding to
your teammates' posts.


 

Write a 3-paragraph synopsis that
summarizes the team's discussion.


 

 

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 3 Knowledge Check

1.

Step 2 of the planning process is the
generation of alternative plans that may be used to achieve goals. The
generation of new ideas may emerge

§  A.

only if the person is thinking about the
situation

§  B.

while the person is doing something else

§  C.

only in a group discussion

§  D.

only while asleep

2.

To be effective, goals should have
certain qualities, which are easy to remember with the acronym SMART. Which of
the following qualities are included in the SMART acronym?

§  A.

Authentic

§  B.

Market

§  C.

Specific

§  D.

Trends

3.

Managers analyzing the external
environment and the internal resources use a SWOT analysis. Which of the
following matches a term in the SWOT acronym?

§  A.

Timing

§  B.

Stress

§  C.

Opportunities

§  D.

Work plan

4.

Which of the following are included in
the three elements of creativity:

§  A.

Domain skills

§  B.

Innate ability

§  C.

Rote memory

§  D.

Followership

5.

The four step creative process includes

§  A.

the statement process

§  B.

the stalemate process

§  C.

the incubation process

§  D.

the coverage process

6.

Which of the following is a domain
skill?

§  A.

Expertise

§  B.

Reading for pleasure

§  C.

Athletic ability

§  D.

Emotional stability

7.

Barriers to applying creative thinking
in business decision making include

§  A.

not listening to new ideas from front
line managers

§  B.

brainstorming for creative ideas

§  C.

customer satisfaction surveys

§  D.

analyzing internal strengths and
weaknesses

8.

The mission statement of an organization

§  A.

is a collection of goals set by the
operations department

§  B.

is a clear and concise expression of the
basic purpose of the organization

§  C.

is a statement of customer rights

§  D.

is a summary of the SWOT analysis

9.

The intangible assets of an organization
include

§  A.

the company’s reputation

§  B.

the company’s cash position

§  C.

the company’s buildings

§  D.

the company’s production facilities

10.

Which of the following is a step in the
strategy implementation process?

§  A.

Perform a SWOT analysis.

§  B.

Assign resources.

§  C.

Assess competition.

§  D.

Define strategic tasks

11.

Analysis of the external opportunities
includes

§  A.

a labor union relations analysis

§  B.

a political and regulatory analysis

§  C.

a chain of command analysis

§  D.

delegation of authority

12.

A technique for assessing the
organization's internal and external environments in order to formulate
strategy is called a

§  A.

functional strategy

§  B.

benchmarking strategy

§  C.

SWOT analysis

§  D.

BCG matrix

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窗体顶端

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PHL 320 Week 3 Re-organization and Layoff Issue and Problem Identification
Paper


 

Review the 
discussion from Week 2.

Write a
paper of no more than 1,050 words that incorporates ideas from the discussion.
The paper should do the following:


  • Summarize
    the issue.

  • Identify
    the problem.

  • Explain
    why this is the underlying problem.

  • Reflect
    on the group collaboration process in defining the problem.

  • Explain
    how a clearly defined problem could help you find the solutions.



Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 3 Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

 

The following are some common rhetorical
strategies:

 


  • Innuendo:
    a leading suggestion




  • Stereotype:
    generalized statements relating to a group of people

  • Loaded
    questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions

  • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration



 

Identify the rhetorical strategy in each
of the following statements.

 

1.       I
did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually
outside (W. C. Fields). 
_________________

 

2.       Have
you stopped beating your wife? _____________

 

3.       The
Maserati is the best car in the world! _________________

 

4.       All
men love football; all women love the ballet. ______________ 

 

The following are some common rhetorical
fallacies:

 


  • Slippery
    slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from
    happening, do not allow A to occur.

  • Hasty
    generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not
    based on clear evidence

  • Post
    hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A.

  • Either/or:
    looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the
    situation

  • Ad
    hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument

  • Red
    herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary
    tactic



 

Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each
of the following statements.

 

1.      
We can either stop using plastic, or
destroy the Earth  ______________

 

2.      
I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not
feel well, so the tuna made me ill. ___________

 

3.      
If you enjoy a social drink, it could
lead to you becoming an alcoholic, so you probably should never drink.
__________

 

4.      
Even though this is the first week of
class, I can tell this is going to be a very easy course. ______________

 

5.      
We know that smoking can affect your
health, but how else will tobacco farmers earn a living? ______________

 

6.      
As the candidate for mayor, he has some
good ideas, but we know that all politicians are dishonest.___________

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 4
Re-Organization and Layoff Solutions Paper


 

Select two
potential creative solutions for the problems you identified in the
Re-organization and Layoff assignment in Week 2.

Write a
paper of no more than 1,050 words to present the solutions and explain why each
will work.

Include a
summary of methods your teams utilized to develop the creative solution.

Describe how
your team overcame barriers to deciding on the solutions.

 

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 4
SWOT and Strategy Evaluation Paper


 

Select an
industry, such as the gambling industry, to complete a SWOT analysis.

Access the profile overview for the selected
industry:


  • In
    the University Library, click Company Directory and Financials.

  • Click Hoover's
    First Research
    .

  • Click Continue.

  • Click Submit.

  • Type gambling (or
    your selected industry) in the search box, and click to continue.

  • Gambling
    (or the selected industry of choice) should be first in the list.



Read the
industry profile overview, including the website links, on the page.

Complete a
SWOT analysis for the selected industry. The SWOT analysis allows a business to
understand how a competitor is positioned in the environment by assessing its
strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. An understanding of a
competitor's position can be a key for a business to determine where funding
and resources should be allotted to create new products or services.

 

Use information
in the industry profile overview and other scholarly sources as needed. The
SWOT analysis should include each of the following:


  • Strengths

  • Weaknesses

  • Opportunities

  • Threats



Write a
1,050- to 1,500-word paper, including the following attributes:


  • SWOT
    analysis, including a SWOT chart


    • Identify
      opportunities (either product or service) that could improve the customer
      experience.


  • Strategy
    evaluation


    • Define
      strategic tasks.

    • Assess
      the industry's capabilities.

    • Identify
      the barriers to strategy implementation.


  • A
    response to the following:


    • Based
      on the SWOT analysis and strategy evaluation, what are some creative
      actions the industry can pursue to include innovation as a component of
      their strategy?




Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 4 Knowledge Check

Week 4 Knowledge Check

The material presented
below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the
content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and
skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help
you master the material.

Personalized Study Guide Results 

Score
9 / 9






Concepts


Mastery


Questions





Assessing the
content of the claim, the credibility of sources, and credibility and the
news media


100%


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Managing
group decision making


100%


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Managing
change


100%


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Concept: Assessing the content of the claim, the credibility of
sources, and credibility and the news media




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Materials on the
concept


  • The Credibility of Sources

  • Interested Parties

  • Expertise





1.

In the context of evaluating the credibility
of the sources from which people get claims, identify an accurate statement
about an interested party.

·        
A.

An interested party is one that is likely to
benefit from a person's belief in a claim.

·        
B.

An interested party must be viewed with less
suspicion than a disinterested party.

·        
C.

An interested party always provides false,
unreliable information.

·        
D.

An interested party is the most reliable of
all sources of claims.





2.

Which of the following serves as an important
criterion for evaluating a person's expertise in a subject?

·        
A.

Physical appearance

·        
B.

Gender

·        
C.

Education

·        
D.

Ethnicity





3.

Esmeralda's cell phone is not working. She
takes her phone to the service center and asks Alex, a member of the technical
support team, if her phone can be repaired. Alex examines Esmeralda's phone and
tells her that her cell phone processor is damaged and that it would cost her
$200 to get her phone repaired. Esmeralda tells Alex that she needs some time
to consider the repair charges and leaves the showroom. Later in the day,
Esmeralda's neighbor, Jack, an electronic technician, examines her phone and
claims that there is nothing wrong with the processor and that only the phone
display has to be repaired. In the context of the credibility of sources, which
of the following statements is true based on the information provided in this
scenario?

·        
A.

Alex represents a disinterested party.

·        
B.

Esmeralda must view Alex with much more
suspicion than Jack.

·        
C.

Alex's claim is more credible than Jack's
claim.

·        
D.

Esmeralda is an interested party.



Concept: Managing group decision making




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Materials on the
concept


  • Leadership Style

  • Managing Group Decision Making

  • Encouraging Creativity

  • Brainstorming





4.

Which of the following points must the leader
of a decision-making body consider while managing the process of group decision
making?

·        
A.

Dominate the group discussion and convince
people into conforming

·        
B.

Ensure that the members of the group do not
engage in satisficing

·        
C.

Allow only a few members of the group to
share their viewpoints

·        
D.

Avoid allowing any sort of conflict, even if
it may be constructive, to creep into the discussion





5.

Sao Corp., a mobile phone manufacturing
company, introduces Xyta, a new cellphone model into the market. The cellphone,
sharing features with other competing products, does well in the market and
brings the company good profits. Observing the success of the model, the
company decides to add new features to the basic design of Xyta and re-launch
the product as Xyta 2.0. The new model has more storage space, higher
resolution, voice activated dialing, and a different color. In this case, which
of the following techniques has Sao Corp. adopted that makes it creative

·        
A.

Synthesis

·        
B.

Invention

·        
C.

Modification

·        
D.

Creation





6.

What is the term used to refer to the process
of silently documenting creative ideas that are formed during group decision
making?

·        
A.

Brainwriting

·        
B.

Groupthink

·        
C.

Satisficing

·        
D.

Conformity



Concept: Managing change




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Materials on the
concept


  • Motivating People to Change

  • General Reasons for Resistance

  • A General Model for Managing
    Resistance

  • Unfreezing

  • Managing Change



Show More



7.

Which among the following reasons to resist
change is caused due to people's hesitancy to try something new because they
are comfortable with the old ways of doing things?

·        
A.

Misunderstanding

·        
B.

Peer pressure

·        
C.

Inertia

·        
D.

Different assessments





8.

Farah, a senior project manager at Zoemech
Inc., discovers that the software the company uses to track the productivity of
its employees has become obsolete. The software is not designed to account for
the employees working overtime, and this affects the accurate calculation of
monthly bonuses. Farah communicates this problem to the rest of her team and
explains why it is necessary for them to upgrade to a better version of
tracking software. In the context of the general model for managing resistance,
which stage of motivating people to change does this scenario best illustrate?

·        
A.

Fixing

·        
B.

Refreezing

·        
C.

Moving

·        
D.

Unfreezing





9.

In which of the following situations does one
employ the approach of education and communication to manage resistance to
change?

·        
A.

When there are people who are powerful enough
to resist strongly

·        
B.

When people resist because they cannot make
adjustments to cope with the changes

·        
C.

When the information available is based on
inaccurate analyses

·        
D.

When all the other alternatives to resisting
change are very expensive



 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 5
Labor Practices Paper


 

A clothing company uses sweatshop labor
to manufacture clothing products that contribute to low pricing, which is a
consumer want.

 

Many companies have engaged in sweatshop
labor. Did the clothing company engage in unethical labor practices by
utilizing sweatshop labor?

 

Research sweatshop
labor.



Write a paper of no more than 750 words to present your position on
sweatshop labor and provide justification. Include the following:


  • How
    consumer demands affect a company's business decision

  • How
    different ethical perspectives guide ethical decision making

  • How
    a company influences their ethical environment



Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 5
Re-organization and Layoff Decision Making Evaluation Paper


 

Write a
paper of no more than 750 words to include the following elements:


  • Select
    a recommendation from the two creative solutions identified in Week 4 for
    solving the problem.

  • Explain
    why the solution would help the middle-income customer. Provide credible
    sources to support your decision.

  • Explain
    what business decision an organization should make based on the solution.

  • For
    the business decision chosen, explain the resources an organization would
    need to implement that decision and factors that might affect the
    implementation.



Format your
paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

 

PHL 320 Week 5 Knowledge Check

Week 5 Knowledge Check

The material presented
below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the
content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and
skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help
you master the material.

Personalized Study Guide Results 

Score
9 / 9






Concepts


Mastery


Questions





Major
perspectives in moral reasoning


100%


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Ethical
systems and business ethics


100%


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




The ethics
environment, ethical decision making, and courage


100%


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Concept: Major perspectives in moral reasoning




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
1
·        
2
·        
3




Materials on the
concept


  • Consequentialism

  • Major Perspectives In Moral
    Reasoning

  • Virtue Ethics

  • Moral Relativism





1.

Identify a form of consequentialism according
to which an act is considered the morally right thing to do if it results in
more happiness than other alternative acts would.

·        
A.

Deontologism

·        
B.

Utilitarianism

·        
C.

Religious absolutism

·        
D.

Moral subjectivism





2.

Which of the following statements is true of
virtue ethics?

·        
A.

Virtue ethics primarily focuses on the
question of what is the morally right thing to do.

·        
B.

Virtue ethics focuses on how to be rather
than on what to do.

·        
C.

Virtue ethics is in fact an abstruse ethical
theory.

·        
D.

Virtue ethics alone holds the answers to all
moral questions.





3.

Imran is shocked when he hears that his
seventeen-year-old cousin, Zoya, has moved in with her boyfriend. Alex, Imran's
friend, however, does not consider Zoya's actions immoral. Imran explains to
Alex that his family comes from a cultural background where entering into a
premarital relationship is unacceptable. After hearing this, Alex understands
Imran's perspective of the situation and empathizes with him. What form of
moral reasoning has been exemplified in this scenario?

·        
A.

Duty theory

·        
B.

Virtue ethics

·        
C.

Moral relativism

·        
D.

Religious absolutism



Concept: Ethical systems and business ethics




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
4
·        
5
·        
6




Materials on the
concept


  • Ethical Systems

  • Egoism and Utilitarianism

  • Virtue ethics





4.

What is a proponent of egoism most likely to
believe?

·        
A.

If an action maximizes the benefits for an
individual, then it is acceptable.

·        
B.

Morally acceptable behavior is behavior that
is aimed at creating the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

·        
C.

Ethical behavior must be defined in
accordance to how other people behave.

·        
D.

Any behavior is morally acceptable if a
mature person with a good moral character deems it right.





5.

Which perspective of moral reasoning suggests
that behavior that is deemed ethical by a mature person with a good moral
character is moral behavior?

·        
A.

Universalism

·        
B.

Virtue ethics

·        
C.

Relativism

·        
D.

Absolutism





6.

Ten-year-old Ron is preparing for a math test
for the following week. His mother is surprised to find him studying on a
Sunday as Ron hates doing math and preparing for tests. When she asks him why
this test is so important, he tells her that his teacher has warned him that if
he scores a low grade, he will not be allowed to play on the soccer team, and
he wants to avoid that at all costs. In the context of Kohlberg's model of
cognitive moral development, Ron is in which stage of cognitive moral
development?

·        
A.

The conventional stage

·        
B.

The principled stage

·        
C.

The postprincipled stage

·        
D.

The preconventional stage



Concept: The ethics environment, ethical decision making, and
courage




Mastery


100%


Questions


·        
7
·        
8
·        
9




Materials on the
concept


  • Danger Signs

  • The Ethics Environment

  • Ethics Programs

  • Ethics

  • Ethical Decision Making





7.

Identify a factor that could lead to an
environment that stimulates unethical behavior in a business.

·        
A.

Laying more emphasis on the long-term
considerations of a business than its short-term revenues.

·        
B.

Installing clear procedures for handling
ethical issues

·        
C.

Willingly taking an ethical stand, even if it
adds cost to the business

·        
D.

Trying to solve all ethical problems with
quick and easy techniques





8.

Which type of ethics programs is designed to
punish violations of corporate law?

·        
A.

A compliance-based program

·        
B.

An integrity-based program

·        
C.

An operations-based program

·        
D.

A veracity-based program





9.

An inspection of the manufacturing facilities
at Altum Chemicals Inc. reveals that the company has not been maintaining the
mandatory safety standards. The management believes that this is one of the
reasons for the bad attitude and low morale of the workforce. In the context of
business costs incurred due to ethical failures, which among the following has
been illustrated in this scenario?

·        
A.

Government penalties

·        
B.

Customer defections

·        
C.

Employee cynicism

·        
D.

Remedial education

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