# Lab 9.1 – Arrays and Pseudocode

Lab 9.1 – Arrays and Pseudocode

This lab examines the various ways of working with arrays by writing pseudocode.  Read the following programming problem prior to completing the lab.

The American Red Cross wants you to write a program that will calculate the average pints of blood donated during a blood drive.  The program should take in the number of pints donated during the drive, based on a seven hour drive period.  The average pints donated during that period should be calculated and displayed.  Additionally, the highest and the lowest number of pints donated should be determined and displayed.  Write a loop around the program to run multiple times.

Step 1:  Declare the following variables:

An array named pints of the data type Real of size 7
A variable named totalPints of the data type Real
A variable named averagePints of the data type Real initialized to 0
A variable named highPints of the data type Real initialized to 0
A variable named lowPints of the data type Real initialized to 0

Module main()
//Declare local variables
Declare String again = “no”
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
While again == “no”
//module calls below

Display “Do you want to run again: yes or no”
Input again
End While
End Module

Step 2:  Write a module call to a module named getPints that passes the pints array.  Additionally, write a module header named getPints that accepts the pints array.  (Reference: Passing an Array as an Argument to a Function, page 295).

//Module call
Call ________________(______________)

Module ___________(Real ______________[ ])
Step 3:  Write a for loop that runs 7 times using the counter variable.  Inside the for loop, allow the user to enter values into the array.  (Reference: Using a Loop to Step Through an Array, page 273).

Declare Integer counter = 0
For __________________  = 0 to _______________
Display “Enter pints collected:”
Input ___________[_________]
End For

Step 4:  Write a function call to a module named getTotal that passes the pints array and the totalPints variable.  Additionally, write a function header named getTotal that accepts the pints array and the totalPints variable.

//Function call
totalPints = ______________(______________, ___________)

Function _________(Real ______________[ ], Real __________)

Step 5:  Write a for loop that runs 7 times using the counter variable.  Inside the for loop, total up the values of the array and store in the variable totalPints.  Also, return the correct variable from the function.  (Reference: Totaling the Values in an Array, page 289).

Declare Integer counter = 0
Set totalPints = 0
For __________________  = 0 to _______________
Set _________ = ________ + ______________[________]
End For

Return _________________

Step 6:  Write a function call to a module named getAverage that passes the totalPints variable and the averagePints variable.  Additionally, write a function header named getAverage that accepts the totalPints variable and the averagePints variable.

//Function call
averagePints = ____________(______________, ___________)

Function _________(Real ______________, Real ___________)

Step 7:  Write a statement that will calculate the average pints donated over the drive period.  Also, return the correct variable from the function.  (Reference: Averaging the Values in an Array, page 290).

averagePints = ________________ / _________________

Return ______________________

Step 8:  Write a function call to a module named getHigh that passes the highPints variable and the pints array.  Additionally, write a function header named getHigh that accepts the highPints variable and the pints array.

//Function call
highPints = ____________(______________, ___________)

Function _________(Real _____________, Real ___________[ ])

Step 9:  Write the code that will determine the highest value in an array.  Also, return the correct variable from the function.  (Reference: Finding the Highest Value in an Array, page 291).

Set highPints = pints[________]
Set index = 1
For index = 1 to 6
If _______________[_______] highPints Then
Set ____________ = __________[_______]
End If
End For

Return ______________________

Step 10:  Write a function call to a module named getLow that passes the lowPints variable and the pints array.  Additionally, write a function header named getLow that accepts the lowPints variable and the pints array.

//Function call
lowPints = ____________(______________, ___________)

Function _________(Real _____________, Real ___________[ ])

Step 11:  Write the code that will determine the highest value in an array.  Also, return the correct variable from the function.  (Reference: Finding the Lowest Value in an Array, page 293).

Set lowPints = pints[________]
Set index = 1
For index = 1 to 6
If _______________[_______] < lowPints Then
Set ____________ = __________[_______]
End If
End For

Return ______________________

Step 12:  Write a module call to a module named displayInfo. Pass the necessary variable to the functions that are needed to display the averagePints, the highPints, and the lowPints.  Also, write the module header that accepts the same variables.

//Module call
Call ____________(______________, ___________, ___________)

Module ________(Real ________, Real ________, Real _______)
Lab 9.2 – Checking the Work

Using the program from Lab 9.1, complete the following checks for a better understanding of your work.

Step 1:  Imagine the following number of pints were entered into the array.

Element
34
39
25
18
43
31
12
Index
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Step 2:  Recall Step 5 of Lab 9.1 that accumulates the pints collected.

Declare Integer counter = 0
Set totalPints = 0
For counter  = 0 to 6
Set totalPints = totalPints + pints[counter]
End For

Step 3:  Complete the following chart by writing what the counter and the totalPints value stores on each iteration of the loop.

Counter
totalPints
0
34
1
73
2

Step 4:  Recall Step 9 from Lab 9.1 that determines the high value.

Set highPints = pints[0]
Set index = 1
For index = 1 to 6
If pints[index] highPints Then
Set highPints = pints[index]
End If
End For

Step 5:  Complete the following chart by writing what the highPints and the pints array value stores on each iteration of the loop.  Also conclude whether it will be True or False.

Pints
highPints
True or False
39
34
TRUE
25
39
FALSE
18

Step 6:  Recall Step 11 from Lab 9.1 that determines the low value.

Set lowPints = pints[0]
Set index = 1
For index = 1 to 6
If pints[index] < lowPints Then
Set lowPints = pints[index]
End If
End For

Step 7:  Complete the following chart by writing what the lowPints and the pints array value stores on each iteration of the loop.  Also conclude whether it will be True or False.

Pints
lowPints
True or False
39
34
FALSE
25
34
TRUE
18
25

Lab 9.3 – Arrays and Flowchart

This lab requires you to create a flowchart for the blood drive program in Lab 9.1.  Use an application such as Raptor or Visio.

Step 1:  Start Raptor and save your document as Lab 9-3.  The .rap file extension will be added automatically.

Step 2:  Start by adding a comment box with the necessary variables.

Step 3:  Add your loop to run multiple times and your module calls in the main module.

Step 4:  Add the getPints( ) module in main.  Go to the getPints() module and add the following inside the module:
Add an assignment statement that sets counter to 1.  Remember, counter has to be set to one because Raptor arrays must start at 1, not 0.
Add a loop that runs as long as counter is less than 7.  Remember, this should be written as counter 7 because if yes, then the loop ends.
Add an input statement that asks the user to enter number of pints, storing the answer in the array.  The input should be entered as below.
Add an assignment statement that will increment counter by 1.

Step 5:  Add the getTotal( ) module in main.  Go to the getTotal() module and add the following inside the module:
Add an assignment statement that sets counter back to 1.
Add an assignment statement that sets totalPints to 0.
Add a loop that runs 7 times.
Add an assignment statement that accumulates the value of the array.  The input should be as below:
Add an assignment statement that will increment counter by 1.

Step 6:  Add the getAverage( ) module in main.  Go to the getAverage() module and add the following inside the module:
Add an assignment statement that sets counter back to 1.
Add an assignment statement that sets averagePints to totalPints divided by 7.

Step 7:  Add the getHigh( ) module in main.  Go to the getHigh() module and add the following inside the module:
Add an assignment statement that sets counter to 2.  This refers to the second location in the array.
Add an assignment statement that sets highPints to the 1 index of the pints array.
Add a loop that iterates 7 times.
Inside the loop, add a selection statement that determines if pints in the counter location is greater than highPints.
If that is true, then set highPints to pints in the counter location.
Increment counter by 1.

Step 8:  Add the getLow( ) module in main.  Go to the getLow() module and add the following inside the module:
Add an assignment statement that sets counter to 2.  This refers to the second location in the array.
Add an assignment statement that sets lowPints to the 1 index of the pints array.
Add a loop that iterates 7 times.
Inside the loop, add a selection statement that determines if pints in the counter location is less than lowPints.
If that is true, then set lowPints to pints in the counter location.
Increment counter by 1.

Step 9:  Add the displayInfo( ) module in main.  Go to the display() module and add the following inside the module:
Display the averagePints variable
Display the highPints variable
Display the lowPints variable

Step 10:  Using the following input values, check your results.  If there are errors, verify steps 1 through 10.

Element
34
39
25
18
43
31
12

Output should be as follows:

The average pints collected: 28.8571
The highest amount was: 43
The lowest amount was: 12

Step 11:  Paste your finished flowchart in the space below.

PASTE FLOWCHART HERE

Lab 9.4 – Arrays and Python Code

The goal of this lab is to convert the blood drive program from Lab 9.1 to Python code.

Step 1:  Start the IDLE Environment for Python.  Prior to entering code, save your file by clicking on File and then Save.  Select your location and save this file as Lab9-4.py.  Be sure to include the .py extension.

Step 2:  Document the first few lines of your program to include your name, the date, and a brief description of what the program does.

Step 3:  Start your program with the following code for main:

#Lab 9-4 Blood Drive

#the main function
def main():
endProgram = 'no'
print
while endProgram == 'no':
print
# declare variables

# function calls

endProgram = raw_input('Do you want to end program? (Enter no or yes): ')
while not (endProgram == 'yes' or endProgram == 'no'):
print 'Please enter a yes or no'
endProgram = raw_input('Do you want to end program? (Enter no or yes): ')

#the getPints function

#the getTotal function

#the getAverage function

#the getHigh function

#the getLow function

#the displayInfo function

# calls main
main()

Step 4:  Under the documentation for declaring variables, declare your variables and initialize them to 0.  The array/list should be declared as follows:

pints = [0] * 7

Step 5:  Write a function call to the getPints function and pass it pints.  The function will return pints, so set it equal to the function call.  This should be done as follows:

pints = getPints(pints)

Step 6:  Under the documentation for the getPints function, write a while or a for in loop that will allow the user to enter pints into the array.  This function might be written as follows.

#the getPints function
def getPints(pints):
counter = 0
while counter < 7:
pints[counter] = input('Enter pints collected: ')
counter = counter + 1
return pints

Step 7:  Write a function call to the getTotal function and pass it pints and totalPints.  This function should be set to the totalPints variable since it will be returned from the function.  The call might look as follows:

totalPints = getTotal(pints, totalPints)

Step 8:  Under the documentation for the getTotal function, add the following statements:
Initialize counter back to 0
Add a while loop that runs 7 iterations and includes:
Accumulate totalPints by setting totalPints = totalPints + pints[counter]
Increment counter

Step 9:  Write a function call to the getAverage function and pass it totalPints and averagePints.  This function should be set to the averagePints variable since it will be returned from the function.  The call might look as follows:

averagePints = getAverage(totalPints, averagePints)

Step 10:  Under the documentation for the getAverage function, add the following statements:
A statement that will calculate averagePints as totalPints / 7
Return averagePints

Step 11:  Write a function call to the getHigh function and pass it pints and highPints.  This function should be set to the highPints variable since it will be returned from the function.  The call might look as follows:

highPints = getHigh(pints, highPints)

Step 12:  Under the documentation for the getHigh function, add the following statements:
Initialize highPints to pints[0]
Set counter to 1
Write a while loop that runs 7 iterations and includes:
An if statement that checks to see if pints[counter] highPints
If it is true, set highPints to pints[counter]
Increment counter by 1
Return highPints
Be careful to watch your indentation on this function.

Step 13:  Write a function call to the getLow function and pass it pints and lowPints.  This function should be set to the lowPints variable since it will be returned from the function.  The call might look as follows:

lowPints = getLow(pints, lowPints)

Step 14:  Under the documentation for the getLow function, add the following statements:
Initialize lowPints to pints[0]
Set counter to 1
Write a while loop that runs 7 iterations and includes:
An if statement that checks to see if pints[counter] < lowPints
If it is true, set lowPints to pints[counter]
Increment counter by 1
Return lowPints
Be careful to watch your indentation on this function.

Step 15:  Write a function call to the displayInfo function and pass it averagePints, highPints, and lowPints.

Step 16:  Under the documentation for the displayInfo function, write the statements that will do the following:
Display the average pints donated
Display the highest number of pints donated
Display the lowest number of pints donated

Step 17:  Run your program and check against the following output.  If there are errors, go back through the steps to troubleshoot.

Enter pints collected: 43
Enter pints collected: 25
Enter pints collected: 64
Enter pints collected: 35
Enter pints collected: 19
Enter pints collected: 37
Enter pints collected: 46
The average number of pints donated is 38.4285714286
The highest pints donated is 64
The lowest pints donated is 19

Do you want to end program? (Enter no or yes): yes

Step 18:  Execute your program so that it works and paste the final code below