Expert Answers - Children who are infected with Hepatitis

Expert Answers - Children who are infected with Hepatitis

1. Children who are infected with Hepatitis A and can transmit the disease without developing symptoms, are called:

A. donors.

B. contaminants.

C. hosts.

D. carriers.

2. Blood-borne infections that may be found in childcare settings include all of the following EXCEPT:

A. tuberculosis.

B. HIV.

C. Hepatitis B.

D. Hepatitis C.

3.Which of the following is true about transmitting head lice?

A. Sharing hats poses more risk than coming in direct contact with the hair of the infected person.

B. Sharing hats poses less risk than coming in direct contact with the hair of the infected person.

C. Sharing hats poses about the same risk as coming in contact with the hair of the infected person.

D. The only risk is through direct contact with the hair of the infected person.

4. Each of the following is true about tetanus EXCEPT:

A. the tetanus bacteria form spores that are deposited in soil and cannot survive more than a few months.

B. bacteria usually enter the body through a puncture wound.

C. teachers need tetanus boosters to maintain their own immunity.

D. the bacteria is commonly found in the gut of farm animals

5. Recognition of symptoms of disease helps teachers:

A. diagnose disease.

B. offer recommendations for treatment.

C. plan management strategies in the classroom to stop the spread of disease.

D. carefully monitor some children more than others.

6. Children under age 6 can become carriers of which disease without developing any symptoms?

A. Hepatitis A

B. Influenza

C. Rotavirus

D. Tetanus

7. Each of the following statements is true regarding incubation periods EXCEPT:

A. there is great variability of incubation periods.

B. the period of contagiousness matches the incubation period.

C. the time between the child’s first exposure to an infectious agent and when the first symptom of illness appears is called the incubation period.

D. the incubation period helps teachers know how long to watch for the spread of the disease.

8. Infectious diseases are caused by:

A. viruses.

B. spores.

C. germs.

D. parasites.

9.Which of the following should be avoided when treating chicken pox in infants and children?

A. Aspirin

B. Acetaminophen

C. Over-the-counter antihistamine

D. Ibuprofen

10. If a teacher is asked to administer complementary and alternative medicine to children such as herbal supplements for common colds, he/she should:

A. refuse to administer the medicine before checking with a doctor.

B. encourage the parents to administer the medicine at home only.

C. use the proper procedure for administration of medicines.

D. encourage a different treatment.

 
11. Eighty-nine percent of illnesses among children in child care settings are attributed to Respiratory tract illnesses which of the following?

A. Respiratory tract illnesses

B. Skin infections

C. Acute infectious diarrhea

D. Intestinal infections

12. Which of the following infections are NOT dangerous to the fetus of a mother exposed to them?

A. Chickenpox

B. Athlete’s foot

C. Coxsackie virus

D. Fifth disease

13. Which of the following diseases may be 4 to 6 times greater in children who are adopted internationally as opposed to children born in the United States?

A. Viral hepatitis

B. Tuberculosis

C. Intestinal infections

D. HIV

14. Chicken pox is an example of a(n):

A. infectious disease caused by a parasite.

B. respiratory infection characterized by an itchy skin rash.

C. skin infection/contagious rash that has an incubation period longer than 30 days.

D. infectious disease causing severe vomiting.

15.Which of the following is true of children who are adopted internationally?

A. They are not required to have documentation showing basic immunizations.

B. They must have a medical examination in their country of origin before coming to the United States.

C. They must have a medical examination in the United States within 72 hours of arriving.

D. They are not required to have a medical examination before entrance into preschool.

16.Each of the following statements is true about common colds EXCEPT:

A. the best way to interrupt the cycle of infection is to wash hands frequently.

B. some cold viruses can survive on contaminated objects for up to one day.

C. children should be encouraged to cough into their hands rather than the air.

D. children younger than age 6 experience between six to eight colds a year.

17. Children should be excluded from school if they have:

A. head lice.

B. ringworm.

C. pertussis.

D. HIV.

18. Keeping skin cuts and scrapes clean and dry is more likely to prevent:

A. MRSA—methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

B. hepatitis B.

C. hepatitis C.

D. HIV.

19.Which of the following is NOT true of Vitamin D?

A. Supplemental Vitamin D should be added to a child’s diet by the age of 7.

B. Over 90% of Vitamin D is produced by exposure to the sun.

C. It is common for children to have a Vitamin D deficiency

D. Low levels of Vitamin D are associated with a higher risk of respiratory infections.

20. Of the three most common groups of childhood infections, which of the following is NOT a symptom?

A. Diarrhea

B. Muscle spasms

C. Vomiting

D. Skin infections or rashes
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