HUM 111 Week 3 Knowledge Check

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HUM 111 Week 3 Knowledge Check
 
Complete the Week 3 Knowledge Check.
Week 3 Knowledge Check
The material presented below is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all you need to know in the content area. Rather it is a starting point for building your knowledge and skills. Additional study materials are recommended in each area below to help you master the material.
Personalized Study Guide Results 
Score 10 / 10




Concepts


Mastery


Questions






CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS


100%


· 1
· 2
· 3
· 4
· 5
· 6
· 7




OVERCOMING CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS


100%


· 8
· 9
· 10




Concept: CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS




Mastery


100%


Questions


· 1
· 2
· 3
· 4
· 5
· 6
· 7




Materials on the concept

  • Rationalization

  • Enculturation

  • Emotional Influences

  • The Role of Expectations and Schemata

  • Ego Defenses


1.
What is one of the reasons that enculturation is considered as a barrier to critical thinking?
· A.
Because people vary in degree to which they use their attributes.
· B.
Because our psychological world is shaped by our exposure to cultural and genetic forces.
· C.
Because our upbringing shapes our emotions which can distort our thinking.
· D.
Because enculturation is a continuous process.
2.
If you accept only your enculturated notions of the world without thinking critically about them , you become a:
· A.
Logical Convert
· B.
Logical influence
· C.
Logical egoist
· D.
Logical theistic
3.
Ego defense mechanisms are psychological coping strategies that distort reality to:
· A.
Help us understand why we do the things we do.
· B.
Protect ourselves from bad feelings.
· C.
Keep us from becoming irrational.
· D.
Keep us from hurting anyone.
4.
Ego defense mechanisms are barriers to critical thinking because
· A.
They portray pleasant realities for everyone.
· B.
They distort reality.
· C.
They distort our pleasant lives.
· D.
They are probably rooted in arguments.
5.
The captain of a cruise ship, that sank in the Indian Ocean, was asked why he left his ship in a lifeboat while hundreds of passengers were still on board replied, “The order to abandon ship applied to everyone, and once the order is given it does not matter when the captain leaves." This is an example of:
· A.
Denial
· B.
Rationalization
· C.
Projection
· D.
Self-serving biases
6.
To assume that your group has richness and diversity of its members, but assume that all other groups are alike is an example of
· A.
Stereotyping
· B.
Self-serving bias
· C.
Projecting
· D.
Rationalization
7.
Not all emotions should be avoided as blocks to clear thinking and insight. There is nothing wrong with our enthusiasm for our friends, family, or even for our political and moral views. However, emotions can become a hindrance to critical thinking when:
· A.
We allow our emotions to suggest unwarranted conclusions.
· B.
We use emotions to resolve issues or solve problems.
· C.
We allow emotions to affect our ability to argue logically.
· D.
All of the above
Concept: OVERCOMING CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS




Mastery


100%


Questions


· 8
· 9
· 10




Materials on the concept

  • Self-Concept

  • Self-Serving Biases

  • Summary


8.
Recognizing the extent of our enculturation:
· A.
Lessens the effects of the problems of the world and reduce stress which is essential to creative and critical thinking.
· B.
Enables us to think more subjectively about our choices.
· C.
Lessens its effects and moves us closer to an open mind, which is essential to creative and critical thinking.
· D.
Enables us to determine the causes of our stress thus becoming more of a critical thinker.
9.
The tendency to engage in ego defense and self -serving biases should decrease as our psychological health increases because:
· A.
People who are healthy always own up to the totality of who they are, either positive or negative.
· B.
People who are healthy are more able up to accept the totality of who they are, either positive and negative.
· C.
People who are healthy always accepts personal fault.
· D.
People who are healthy are never threatened by the success of others.
10.
The more we engage in____________________ and________________________the more we are able to avoid the barriers that inhibit critical thinking.
· A.
Perceiving alternatives and keeping in touch with our feelings
· B.
Self-reflection and become aware of biases and limitations
· C.
Preventing stress and changing how we respond to anger
· D.
Thinking about how our short lives are and how small the universe
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