SCI220 Week 2 WileyPLUS® Week 2 Quiz

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SCI220 Week 2 WileyPLUS® Week 2 Quiz







Question 1











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following is not a monosaccharide?











Fructose



 






Maltose



 






Glucose



 






Galactose










 
Question 2











Your answer is
correct.



The digestion of starch begins in the ________ and
finishes in the ______.











stomach; large
intestine



 






mouth; small
intestine



 






small intestine;
gall bladder



 






mouth; large
intestine











Question 3











Your answer is
correct.



The main function of carbohydrate in the diet is to:











form lactose, the
disaccharide in breast milk.



 






form the ribose
and deoxyribose sugars in the genetic material of all cells.



 






function in the
cell membrane as a signal molecule to other cells.



 






provide energy.











 




Question 4











Your answer is
correct.



Which monosaccharide commonly found in all disaccharides?











Fructose



 






Galactose



 






Glucose



 






Sucrose











 




Question 5











Your answer is
correct.



Most digestion of carbohydrate occurs in the











mouth



 






stomach



 






small intestine



 






large intestine











 




Question 6











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following best describes the effects of
lactose intolerance on those who consume dairy products?











the undigested
lactose passes into the large intestine, where it causes a severe allergic
response causing intestinal bleeding and scarring



 






the undigested
lactose passes into the large intestine, where it draws in water, is
metabolized by bacteria, producing gas and causing abdominal distension,
gas, cramping, and diarrhea



 






the undigested
lactose passes into the small intestine, where it causes a severe traumatic
response causing collapse and stoppage of the organ



 






all of these
occur in lactose intolerance











 

Question 7












Your answer is correct.




 


 




Which
of the following best describes the effect of a fiber-rich meal on the rise in
blood glucose that occurs after a meal?






Question 8











 



When comparing naturally occurring
sugars and refined sugars in the human diet, refined sugars are potentially
detrimental to human health because:
 







refined sugars
frequently cause food allergies.



 






refined sugars
contain very few calories.



 






refined sugars
contain large doses of heavy metals.



 






refined sugars
are low in nutrient density.











 

Question 9












Your answer is
correct.




Eating fat can increase the number of
calories you consume because













Fat makes you eat
more food




 







Fat contains 7
calories per gram while carbs and protein are only 4 calories per gram




 







Fat does not
increase the number of calories




 







Fat contains 9
calories per gram while carbohydrate and protein are only 4 calories per gram




 




uestion 10











Your answer is
correct.



Cholesterol:











can be converted
to vitamin D.



 






can be found in
all foods.



 






contains glycerol
and 3 fatty acids.



 






acts as an
emulsifier.











 




Question 11











Your answer is
correct.



Protein containing particles that transport lipids in
the blood are called:











triglycerides



 






micelles



 






emulsifiers



 






lipoproteins











 




Question 12











Your answer is correct.



Which statement is correct:











The total grams
of fat in the American diet has stayed relatively constant over the past 40
years.



 






The total grams
of fat in the American diet has decreased over the past 40 years.



 






The total grams
of fat in the American diet has increased over the past 40 years.



 






The total
Calories from fat consumed in the American diet has decreased over the past
40 years.











 

Question 13












Your answer is
correct.




Lipid stored in fat cells (adipose tissue)
provides many benefits including













an increase in the
metabolic rate of an individual




 







protection of
organs and insulation for maintaining body temperature




 







movement of cell
components for additional storage of protein




 







protection of red
blood cells

 


 

Question 14











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following statements is false about
omega-3 fatty acids?











Fish is a good
food source.



 






High amounts in
the diet help to lower blood pressure.



 






High amounts in
the diet increase inflammation.



 






Walnuts, canola
oil, and flaxseed are good food sources.



















 




Question 15











Your answer is
correct.



Based on the type of fat found in the following foods,
which would be the healthiest choice for lunch from the fruit group?











Apple fritter



 






Fried banana
fruit kebab



 






Cherry pie with
low-fat vanilla ice cream



 






Avocado slices,
olive oil, and balsamic vinegar











 




Question 16











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following individuals is likely using body
protein for energy?











Sue, who is on a
very low calorie diet.



 






Bob, who is 20
pounds overweight.



 






Michael, a
student who snacks on chips and soda to stay awake and study.



 






Sylvia, a
pregnant woman.











 




Question 17











Your answer is
correct.



Essential amino acids are
identified as such because











The side chain on
these amino acids contains nitrogen



 






The side chain on
these amino acids contains at least 3 carbons



 






The side chain on
these amino acids cannot be made by humans



 






The side chain on
these amino acids contains nitrogen and at least 3 carbons











 

Question
18

Protein-energy malnutrition is more common in children than in
adults because













Children need more protein per unit of body weight than adults








 







Children need more energy per unit of body weight than adults








 







Children need more protein and energy per unit of body weight
than adults








 







Children are likely to be picky eaters compared to adults





 


 

Question 19











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following would help a vegan meet their
nutrient needs?











Eating oatmeal in
place of meat



 






Drinking
fortified soy milk in place of dairy products



 






Eating plenty of
fresh vegetables to get sufficient vitamin B12



 






Consuming plenty
of corn oil to ensure adequate intake of omega-3 fatty acids



















 




Question 20











Your answer is
correct.



In general, plant sources of protein provide
_____absorbable forms of iron, zinc, and calcium as compared to animal
protein sources.











less



 






equally



 






more











 

Question
21

Of the following, which is the highest quality plant protein
source?













Black beans








 







Rice








 







Soy








 







Wheat germ






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