Managerial Accounting: Case 4-42 Lycoming Leather Company manufactures leather goods

Managerial Accounting 
Case 4-42 
Lycoming Leather Company manufactures leather goods in central Pennsylvania. The company's profits have declined during the past nine months. In an attempt to isolate the causes of poor profit performance, management is investigating the manufacturing operations of each of its products. 
One of the company's main products is leather belts. The belts are produced in a single, continuous process in the Harrisburg Plant. During the process, leather strips are sewn, punched, and dyed. The belts then enter a final finishing stage to conclude the process. Labor and overhead are applied continuously during the manufacturing process. All materials, leather strips, and buckles are introduced at the beginning of the process. The firm uses the weighted average method to calculate its unit costs. 
The leather belts produced at the Harrisburg Plant are sold wholesale for $9.20 each. Management wants to compare the current manufacturing costs per unit with the market prices for leather belts. Top management has asked the plant controller to submit data on the cost of manufacturing the leather belts for the month of October. These cost data will be used to determine whether modifications in the production process should be initiated or whether an increase in the selling price of the belts is justified. The cost per belt used for planning and control is $5.30. The work in process inventory consisted of 500 partially completed units on October 1. The belts were 25 percent complete as to conversion. The costs included in the inventory on October 1 were as follows: 
Leather strips 970 
Buckles 240 
Conversion costs 280 
Total 1,490 

During October 7,600 leather strips and buckles were placed into production. A total of 7,000 leather belts were completed. The work in process inventory on October 31 consisted of 1,100 belts, which were 50 percent complete as to conversion. The costs charged to production during October were as follows: 
Leather strips 18,800 
Buckles 5,910 
Conversion costs 20,105 
Total 44,815 

Required: 
In order to provide cost data regarding the manufacture of leather belts in the Harrisburg Plant to the top management of Lycoming Leather Company, calculate the following. 
1. Equivalent units for material and conversion. 
2. Cost per equivalent unit of material and conversion. (Round "Cost per equivalent unit" to 2 decimal places.) 
3. Production cost assigned to October 31 work in process inventory and to goods transferred out. (Round "Cost per equivalent unit" to 2 decimal places.) 
4. In order to provide cost data regarding the manufacture of leather belts in the Harrisburg Plant to the top management of Lycoming Leather Company, compute the weighted average unit cost of leather belts completed and transferred to finished goods for the month of October. (Round "Cost per equivalent unit" to 2 decimal places.). Comment on the company's cost per belt used for planning and control. 
5. Lycoming Leather Company’s production manager, Jack Murray, has been under pressure from the company president to reduce the cost of conversion. In spite of several attempts to reduce conversion costs, they have remained more or less constant. Now Murray is faced with an upcoming meeting with the company president, at which he will have to explain why he has failed to reduce conversion costs. Murray approached his friend, Jeff Daley, who is the corporate controller, with the following request. "Jeff, I'm under pressure to reduce costs in the production process. There is no way to reduce material cost, so I've got to get the conversion costs down. If I can show just a little progress in the next week's meeting with the president, then I can buy a little time to try some other cost-cutting measures I've been considering. I want you to do me a favor. If we raise the estimate of the percentage of completion of October's inventory to 60 percent, that will increase the number of equivalent units. Then the unit conversion cost will be a little lower." 
a. By how much Murray's suggested manipulation lower the unit conversion cost? (Round "Cost per equivalent unit" and final answer to 2 decimal places) 
b. What should Daley do? (Select all that apply) 
c. Select the ethical standards for managerial accountants that apply to this specific situation. (Select all that apply)
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