Expert Answer - In which of the following are children

1. In which of the following are children ages two to four primarily interested?
A. What they make (the product)
B. The larger concept (the theme)
C. Working with the materials (the process)
D. Success (the evaluation)

2. Which of the following is not a good technique for stimulating children to value the arts?
A. Integrating art and music into the curriculum
B. Creating and sharing your own artistic projects
C. Encouraging only group-made art projects
D. Talking with children about beauty in nature and the arts

3. The set of characteristics, abilities, attitudes, and values that a child believes define him- or herself refers to the child's
A. self-identity.
B. sense of resiliency.
C. social competence.
D. self-esteem.

4. Which of the following do children generally not experience in emotions?
A. Physical sensations
B. Mildness
C. Actions
D. Thoughts

5. Which of the following is true about allowing children to make decisions?
A. The decision should be acted on, but only if they choose the best or wisest choice.
B. Children don't become overloaded even when provided with many choices.
C. Children's growing autonomy is enhanced when they're allowed to make decisions.
D. Making decisions has nothing to do with self-efficacy.

6. Which approach is most likely to enhance children's ability to classify objects?
A. Tell the children to find all of the red ones.
B. Explain in detail what attributes are and how they vary and quiz children about their comprehension of this instruction.
C. Ask children to sort materials and then tell you why things were put together.
D. Provide the materials that could be classified for the children to use on their own during free play.

7. Scientific equipment to include in an early childhood classroom includes all of the following except
A. pulleys.
B. lasers.
C. magnifying glasses.
D. magnets.

8. Which of the following is not an effective instructional strategy to help children develop math concepts?
A. Focusing on rote learning
B. Encouraging children to come up with their own conclusions rather than giving them correct answers
C. Extending a child's math vocabulary
D. Using collections of commonly found objects for them to explore and manipulate

9. To _______ means to recognize how many objects are in a small group without having to count each
object.
A. estimate
B. exercise numeracy
C. conserve
D. subitize
10. _______ is the factual body of knowledge developed by the scientific community.
A. A conclusion
B. Science content
C. Scientific process
D. Scientific inquiry

11. Which of the following are known as core emotions?
A. Loving, smart, stupid, and sad
B. Free, powerful, responsible, and good
C. Happy, mad, sad, and afraid
D. Self-efficacy, competency, aesthetic appreciation

12. Which of the following is the best definition of science?
A. The set of rules and methods for the usage and storage of chemicals and laboratory equipment
B. The study of the life spans of living organisms
C. The study of biology, zoology, and psychology
D. A process of finding out and a system for organizing and reporting discoveries

13. Which statement does not define self-esteem?
A. A person's perception of how competent he or she is in accomplishing physical challenges
B. A person's perception of how competent he or she is in dealing effectively with emotional situations
C. A person's perception of how competent he or she is in creating problems for perceived enemies
D. A person's perception of how competent he or she is in learning new information

14. A scientific investigation of spiders should ideally begin with
A. playing with plastic spiders in the manipulative area.
B. exploring a nonfiction book about spiders.
C. reading The Very Busy Spider by Eric Carle.
D. observing a spider spinning a web on the playground.
15. Which of the following is true of aesthetic education?
A. It lessens the appreciation of music and dance.
B. It nurtures awareness of art forms.
C. It fails to allow them to express their curious nature.
D. It disengages children from the arts.

16. Which of the following approaches helps children in their aesthetic development?
A. Making choices for children so they don't become overwhelmed
B. Varying the materials available for children to use and balancing novel with familiar materials
C. Probing the child to describe what was made
D. Having children discuss what they're going to make before they begin

17. What of the following is not considered one of the arts explored in the aesthetic domain?
A. Painting a picture
B. Telling time
C. Weaving a basket
D. Singing a song

18. The study of plants and animals is included in the area of _______ science.
A. life
B. earth
C. physical
D. computer

19. Which of the following is not a strategy teachers should use in designing meaningful aesthetic
curriculum?
A. Talking about the beauty of nature and the arts
B. Intentionally and frequently including art in the curriculum rather than waiting to see if there's time for it after other activities
have been completed
C. Emphasizing product over process when creating art
D. Providing adequate time for exploration

20. Which of the following is a correct description of seriating?
A. Identifying common relations between objects
B. Pairing on exact or identical attributes
C. Categorizing on the basis of a primary attribute
D. Ordering objects by attributes
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