COMM 470 Week 3 DQ 2

Dynamic pricing, also known as time-based pricing or third-degree price discrimination, occurs when customers are divided into two or more groups with separate demand curves, and different prices are charged to each group. When done successfully, price discrimination practices like this can increase the profit of a firm by enabling the firm to capture more consumer surplus. However, ethical issues exist with some price discrimination policies, especially thanks to the advent of technology, which gives firms the possibility of charging prices based on consumer history and profiling.

Second-degree price discrimination occurs when consumers are charged different prices per unit for different quantities of the same good or service. (An example might be breakfast cereal: a large package will have a lower price per ounce than a small package, typically.) Third-degree price discrimination is the practice of charging consumers different amounts based on their characteristics as consumers. For example, airlines typically charge more on flights that are going to be populated mostly by business travelers (whose demand is relatively inelastic, and therefore more tolerant of high prices), and charge less for flights populated mostly by family travelers.
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