SCI 220 Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

SCI 220 Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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https://plus.google.com/u/0/108200033792883877670/posts/dWT4sDYbQKM

 

 SCI 220 Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
 

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 2 Exam.

Complete the Week 2 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

 

 

 

Ch. 4: Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches, and Fibers
 

 

Ch. 5: Lipids, Fats, Phospholipids, and Sterols
 

 

Ch. 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
 

 

Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

Test Bank, Question 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following conclusions can be accurately drawn from the results depicted in this visual?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Following a high-fiber diet increases transit time.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Following a low-fiber diet decreases transit time.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Following a low-fiber diet adds weight to the weight.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Stool weights are greater and transit times are shorter for Ugandan villagers.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_____fiber lowers blood cholesterol levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Insoluble
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Indigestible
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Refined
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Soluble
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Line B shows the glycemic response after eating potatoes. Which of the following foods is most likely to cause a glycemic response similar to that shown in line B?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Dinner roll 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Peanut butter
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Egg
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cheddar cheese
 

 

 

 

Pre-Lecture, Question 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Positive nitrogen balance:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
occurs when more nitrogen is excreted than consumed
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
indicates that the body is losing weight
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
occurs when the body is growing
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
does not exist since nitrogen intake always equals nitrogen output
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

A high fiber diet may help:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
normalize blood glucose levels.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
reduce the incidence of hemorrhoids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
with weight loss.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
all of these choices
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following statements are true about the typical US diet and carbohydrate recommendations EXCEPT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Adults typically eat the recommended amount of fiber.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Most adults meet the recommendations for the amount of carbohydrate they should have each day.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Most of the carbohydrate in the diet comes from refined carbohydrate sources.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The diet is higher in added sugar than is recommended.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Fatty acids cannot be used to make glucose because:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
they are metabolized only by anaerobic processes.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
they do not have enough energy in their molecular structure to generate glucose molecules.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
the reactions that break them down produce two-carbon molecules.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
the products of their metabolism combine too quickly to form other compounds that the body uses for energy.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements regarding glucose is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Glucose is the main component of starch and glycogen.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Glucose is also called blood sugar.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Glucose is the most common disaccharide in our diet.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Glucose is the most important carbohydrate fuel for the human body.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which two lipoproteins deliver triglycerides to body cells?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chylomicrons & VLDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
HDL & LDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
LDL & VLDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
VLDL & HDL
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is not a tropical oil?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Coconut oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Palm kernel oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Palm oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Safflower oil
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The majority of _______ is located in cell membranes, but is also a part of myelin, the insulating coating on nerve cells.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cholesterol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
omega-3 fatty acids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
phospholipids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
triglycerides
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

________, when consumed in the diet, can help reduce blood cholesterol levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Animal fat
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Plant sterols
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

________ splits fatty acids into two-carbon units that form acetyl-CoA and releases high-energy electrons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Anaerobic metabolism
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Beta-oxidation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Lipoprotein lipase
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The citric acid cycle
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_________ is an important component of cell membranes, forming a lipid bilayer by orienting the water-soluble portion towards the water environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cholesterol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Phospholipid
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Saturated fatty acid
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Triglyceride
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Research indicates that the initiation of atherosclerosis may be related to all of the following except:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
elevated blood levels of glucose
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
infection
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
low blood pressure
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
smoking
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

If the percentage of calories from fat has declined since 1971, why are so many Americans overweight or obese?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Consumption of hidden fats has decreased.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Consumption of whole grains has increased.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
People still aren’t drinking skim milk.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Total calorie consumption has increase.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which lipoprotein contains the highest proportion of protein?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chylomicron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
HDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
LDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
VLDL
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The three-dimensional shape of a protein is impacted by all of the following EXCEPT the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
chemical properties of the amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
folding of the polypeptide.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
number of essential amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
order of the amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following represents the correct sequence of steps that occur in protein synthesis?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
translation → transcription → mRNA takes genetic code to ribosomes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mRNA takes genetic code to ribosomes → translation → transcription
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
transcription → mRNA takes genetic code to ribosomes → translation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mRNA takes genetic code to ribosomes → transcription → translation
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the most likely responsible for the health-promoting effects (reduced incidence of obesity, high blood pressure, and some types of cancer) of vegetarian diets?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
High intake of fiber
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
High intake of tofu
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Low intake of sodium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The total dietary pattern
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Amino acids are used to make all of the following EXCEPT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
creatine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
histamine.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
melanin.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

If the diet is deficient in one or more of the _____amino acids, the body must break down existing proteins to provide the amino acids.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
nonessential
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
essential
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dispensable
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dipeptide
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

As validated by evidence-based research, the major health concern with high-protein diets is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dehydration.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
kidney stone formation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
urinary calcium excretion.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
a high intake of saturated fat and cholesterol.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT a common food allergen?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chicken
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Eggs
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Low-fat milk
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Wheat germ
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Review where digestive processes of protein occur. Select the letter that indicates where mechanical breakdown of protein occurs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
A
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
B
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
C
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following statements are true about the typical US diet and carbohydrate recommendations EXCEPT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Adults typically eat the recommended amount of fiber.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Most adults meet the recommendations for the amount of carbohydrate they should have each day.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Most of the carbohydrate in the diet comes from refined carbohydrate sources.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The diet is higher in added sugar than is recommended.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

When there is not sufficient carbohydrate to completely metabolize fatty acids, these molecules form:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
carbon dioxide.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
ketones.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
oligosaccharides.
 
 
 
 
 

Test Bank, Question 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is a major dietary source of soluble fiber?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Beans
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Broccoli
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Maltose
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Wheat bran
 

 

 

Pre-Lecture, Question 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Positive nitrogen balance:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
occurs when more nitrogen is excreted than consumed
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
indicates that the body is losing weight
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
occurs when the body is growing
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
does not exist since nitrogen intake always equals nitrogen output
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which type of complex carbohydrates are depicted in the visual?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Insoluble fiber
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Starch
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Soluble fiber
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Starch and Soluble fiber
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Which of the following statements regarding the incidence of lactose intolerance is correct?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Native Alaskans have the lowest incidence of lactose intolerance.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
This map illustrates the dramatic variation in the incidence of lactose intolerance worldwide.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Different races and ethnicities have varying rates of incidence of lactose intolerance.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Those living in South America have the lower incidence of lactose intolerance than those living in southern Africa.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Your friend Jason has diabetes and developed hypoglycemia. Of the following situations, which is the most likely reason why he developed hypoglycemia?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
He ate too much refined carbohydrate.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
He drank too much water.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
He took too much of his medication that is used to control his blood sugar.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It was probably warm outside and he sweat excessively.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_____fiber lowers blood cholesterol levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Insoluble
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Indigestible
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Refined
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Soluble
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which two lipoproteins deliver triglycerides to body cells?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chylomicrons & VLDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
HDL & LDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
LDL & VLDL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
VLDL & HDL
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 119

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

One egg contains __ % of the daily recommendation for cholesterol intake.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
20
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
200
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
67
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
50
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 121

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following foods is lowest in saturated fat?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Whole milk
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Bacon
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cheddar cheese
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Eggs
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The remains of chylomicrons:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
are converted into glycerol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
bind to an LDL receptor
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
consist mostly of free fatty acids
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
travel to the liver to be disassembled
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The lipid that makes up most of the lipids in our body is:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cholesterol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lecithin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
phospholipid
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
triglyceride
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is not a tropical oil?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Coconut oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Palm kernel oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Palm oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Safflower oil
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

After long-chain fatty acids have been absorbed into the mucosal cells, they are re-assembled into:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cholesterol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fat-soluble vitamins
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
micelles
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
triglycerides
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

When weight is gained, how does it affect the tissue cells that are illustrated in this micrograph?

Photo credits: (left) Karen Kasmauski/NG Image Collection, (right) Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The triglyceride droplets enlarge in size.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The triglyceride droplets increase in number.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The triglyceride droplets remain unchanged.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The triglyceride droplets shrink in size.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Since chylomicrons are too large to enter the capillaries in the small intestine, they pass into the:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
gallbladder
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
large intestine
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lymph
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
stomach
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT a common food allergen?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chicken
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Eggs
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Low-fat milk
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Wheat germ
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the most likely responsible for the health-promoting effects (reduced incidence of obesity, high blood pressure, and some types of cancer) of vegetarian diets?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
High intake of fiber
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
High intake of tofu
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Low intake of sodium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The total dietary pattern
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Marasmus is a form of malnutrition that negatively impacts which of the following developing organs the worst?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The brain
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The liver
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The kidneys
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The teeth
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_________ , an enzyme, is produced in the stomach and breaks some of the peptide bonds in polypeptide chains.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Amylase
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Denaturase
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Dipeptidase
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pepsin
 
 
 
 
 

Test Bank, Question 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Why is protein-energy malnutrition more common in children than adults?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The child’s stomach cannot digest protein from the diet.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Adults eat protein sources from the diet that have a higher absorption rate.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Because children are growing, their protein needs per unit body weight are higher.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children do not eat enough total calories so that protein must be used as an energy source.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The three-dimensional shape of a protein is impacted by all of the following EXCEPT the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
chemical properties of the amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
folding of the polypeptide.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
number of essential amino acids.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
order of the amino acids.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Review where digestive processes of protein occur. Select the letter that indicates where protein-digesting enzymes are released from this organ, which aids brush border enzymes to breakdown protein.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
A
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
B
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
C
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
D
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

If the diet is deficient in one or more of the _____amino acids, the body must break down existing proteins to provide the amino acids.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
nonessential
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
essential
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dispensable
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
dipeptide
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