Computer Science 222 Laboratory 2 – Practice Using Loops and Doing Arithmetic

Learning
Objectives:



Think about the human users of your programs (documentation).

Develop simple Python programs that do input, produce output and do
arithmetic.

Directed
Activities:


1.  Clear a space on your desk and write the
values of the variables as the code executes and the outputs that will be
generated from the following code segments.


 

a. for
i in range(8):

print
i

i = 0     output = 0

i = 1     output = 1

i = 2     output = 2

i = 3     output = 3

i = 4     output = 4

i = 5     output = 5

i = 6     output = 6

i = 7     output = 7

 

b. for
i in [1, 3, 9]:

print
i

i = 1     output = 1

i = 3     output = 3

i = 9     output = 9

c. for i in range(-1):

print
i

nothing

 

d. sum
= 0

  for i in
range(5):

       sum = sum + i

  print sum

i = 0     output = 1

i = 1     output = 2

i = 2     output = 3

i = 3     output = 4

i = 4     output = 5

 

e. power
= 2

  for i in
[2, 4, 6]:

print
i ** power

 

i =
2     output = 4

i =
4     output = 16

i =
6     output = 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

f. difference
= 0

for
i in [1, 8, -2, 15, 0]:

difference
= difference – i

       print difference

i = 1     output = -1

i = 8     output = -9

i = -2     output = -7

i = 15    output = -22

i = 0    output = -22

 

g. product
= 1

for
i in range(4):

       product = product * i

print
product

 

i =
0     output = 0

i =
1     output = 0

i =
2     output = 0

i =
3     output = 0

 

 

h. product
= 1

for
i in [1, 3, 5]:

       product = product * i

       print product

 

i =
1     output = 1

i =
3     output = 3

i =
5     output = 15

 

2.  Log on to the computer using your Cougars
account information. Open your WebCT account for this course (labeled CSCI
222-L0#).   After completing each of the
following exercises, demonstrate your code for the instructor.


 

3.  Create a Python test file.

Create a Python program called loopPractice.py.  This program should contain
the code for the eight loops above.  The
program should print in the format:

 

Loop
A:

<the
output from a above

Loop
B:

<the
output from b above

<etc.

 

Make sure you develop the code
incrementally.  Write the code to print
“Loop A:” and then add the code from a above. 
Once this is working move on to “Loop B”. 

 

4.  Check your work.

Compare your pencil and paper results with
the results generated by the computer. 
For any mistakes that you made, talk with the instructor, your neighbor,
or yourself J to understand why you were incorrect.

 

5.  Add user documentation and iteration to an
existing program.


Download "convert.py" from
WebCT.  Modify "convert.py"
with a loop so that it executes 5 times before quitting (i.e., it converts 5
temperatures in a row).  A user-friendly
program should print an introduction that tells the user what the program
does.  Modify "convert.py"
to print an introduction. 

 

6.  Use iteration to create a table of data and
store into a new program.


Modify "convert.py" with
a loop so that it computes and prints a table of Celsius temperatures and the
Fahrenheit equivalents every 10 degrees inclusive from 0C to 100C.  Save it under "convertTable.py".
(Note: The user will no longer need to input a value.)

 

7.  Compute a square root. (Adapted from the text, p. 74, Exercise 15)

Write a program, newton.py, that
approximates the square root of a number using Sir Isaac Newton's method. The
method involves refining the approximation of the square root through
iteration.  The initial approximation of
the square root of a number, x, is x/2. Given an approximation, approxi,
 the following equation describes
how to get a new approximation, approxi+1 –

Your program should prompt the user to
enter a number, x.  It should then ask
for the number of times to refine the approximation of the square root of
x.  Print out each approximation.

 

8.  Upload the files to WebCT under the
Assignments section:


loopPractice.py _______   convert.py  
________   

convertTable.py ________  newton.py ________   

 

9.  If you left any file on the desktop, remove
them. Log off of your computer.
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